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inland waterways in india

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Study on IWT in India

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inland waterways in india

  1. 1. INLAND WATERWAYS INFORMATION ON INLAND WATERWAYS & NAVIGATION PRESENTED BY: SIJO JOSING MBA(PSM) UPES, DEHRADUN, U.K
  2. 2. INLAND WATERWAYS INLAND WATERWAYS are the water bodies like rivers, tidal riverine, canals, brooks etc which are wide and deep enough to be used for inland navigation.
  3. 3. CONTD…INLAND WATERWAYS AUTHORITY OFINDIA under MoS is the body which undertakes development and maintenance of the INLAND WATERWAYS in INDIA. Rules and Regulations are formulated by IWAI. The government organization which carries out the operations in the INLAND WATERWAYS is CENTRAL INLAND WATERWAYS TRANSPORT CORPORATION Ltd. There are THREE NATIONAL WATERWAYS which are operational, Two more have been identified and under MARITIME AGENDA BARAK River will be developed as NW-6.
  4. 4. NW-1The Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system between Haldia (Sagar) & Allahabad (1620 kms) was declared as National Waterway No. 1(NW-1) during October 1986. IWAI is carrying out various developmental works on the waterway for improvement of its navigability as laid down in the IWAI Act, 1985 (82 of 1985). As per IWAI, Act 1985, IWAI is responsible to develop the waterway for navigation. Till 2010 IWAI had been maintaining a navigable depth of 2.5 meters between Haldia(Sagar) & Farakka (560 km), 2.0 meters in Farakka Patna (460 Km) and 1.5 meters in Patna Allahabad sector (600Km). At present the waterway is being used by tourism vessels, ODC Carriers, IWAI vessels etc.
  5. 5. TERMINALS (FLOATING AND FIXED) S No. Name of terminal with Chainage 1 RAJMAHAL (MANGLAHAT) (Ch. 588Km.) 2 SAHEBGANJ (SAMDAGHAT) (Ch.617Km.) 3 BATESH WARSTHAN(Ch. 683Km.) 4 BHAGALPUR(Ch715Km.) 5 MUNGER (Ch.793Km.) 6 SEMARIA (Ch 850 Km..) 7 BARH(Ch. 880 Km..) 8 BUXAR(Ch. 1124 Km.) 9 GHAZIPUR(Ch. 1177Km.) 10 RAJGHAT(VARANASI)(Ch. 1308Km) 11 ALLAHABAD (Ch. 1535Km)
  6. 6. FAIRWAY DEVELOPMENT YEAR- 2010 2011 Sl. No Stretch (In km) Depth Maintained No. of shoals attended Depth aimed for 2010- 2011 No. of shoals anticipated 1 Haldia(Sagar) - Farakka (560) 3.0 6 3.0 12 2 Farakka- Patna (460) 2.0 17 2.5 81 3 Patna - Varanasi (363) 1.5 26 2.0 34 4 Varanasi - Allahabad (237) 1.5 17 1.5 34
  7. 7. Sl No. Stretch Distance in Km Number of day marks Lean Season Flood Season 1 Tribeni - Farakka (351 Km) 173 173 2 Farakka - Munger (275 Km) 311 125 3 Munger-Patna(185km) 249 85 4 Patna- Ghazipur(230 Km) 220 110 5 Ghazipur -Chunar(172 km) 220 110 5 Chunar- Allahabad(198 km) 260 130
  8. 8. NW-2 The river Brahmaputra having a length of 891 Km between Bangladesh Border to Sadiya was declared as National Waterway no. 2 (NW-2) on 1st September, 1988. IWAI is carrying out various developmental works on the waterway for improving its navigability as laid down in the IWAI act, 1985 (82 of 1985). As per IWAI, act 1985, IWAI is responsible to develop the waterway for navigation. Till 2010 IWAI had been maintaining a navigable depth of 2.0 meters between Bangladesh Border to Dibrugarh (768 Km) and 1.50 meters in Dibrugarh- Sadiya sector (123 Km).
  9. 9. CONTD… At present the waterway is being used by vessels of Government of Assam, CIWTC, Border Security Force, tourism vessels, and other private operators. Long cruise tourist vessels are making voyages between Sivsagar near Dibrugarh and Manas wild life sanctuary near Jogighopa continuously. PoL was transported by IWT on trial from Silghat to Budge- Budge and Baghmari in Bangladesh.
  10. 10. NW-3 The West Coast Canal or National Waterway No 3 is located in Kerala, India and runs from Kollam to Kottapuram and was declared a National Waterway in 1993.The dredging of this canal has been finished.  The National waterway 3 is one of the most navigable and tourism potential area in India and has much to offer to the potential tourist. This is the first National Waterway in the country having 24 hours navigation facilities in the entire stretch.
  11. 11. NEW PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT OF NW-4 : The total cost of development would be around Rs1515 cr on PPP basis(BOT, BOOT or BOOST). It is proposed that 40% funding (Rs 600 cr) as Viability Gap Funding(VGF) and the rest by private sectors. DEVELOPMENT OF NW-5 : The total cost of development would be around Rs 4210 cr on PPP BASIS  Two phased development : a) Phase 1- Brahmani river and delta portion from Charbatia to Dhamra. b) Phase 2- EAST COAST CANAL from Geonkhali to Charbatia  PROPOSING NW-6 : The BARAK River in the NER.
  12. 12. INLAND DRY CARGO VESSELS CARGO BARGE RIVER CRUISE, TOUR BOATS INLAND PASSENGER VESSELS BRAHMAPUTRA CRUISES PVT LTD, ASSAM BENGAL NAVIGATION, PANDAV CRUISE AND VIVADA INLAND WATERWAYS
  13. 13. PUSHER TUGS, TOW BOATS, RIVER TUGS, INLAND REGISTERED TUGS TANK BARGE INLAND TNKERS INLAND TUGS
  14. 14. INLAND SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICALS WORK BOAT, PONTOONS, DREDGERS, HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEY, SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICALS IWAI HAS 11 DREDGERS CUTTER SUCTION DREDGERS AND HYDRAULIC DREDGERS
  15. 15. PROBLEMS FACED BY SHIPBUILDING INDUSTRY
  16. 16. CASE STUDY FATUA AND DANAPUR- 11.5 Km away from Patna There were 5 racks in the yard. The commodities they handled over there were: 1.Sugar 2.Cement 3.Fertilizers 4.Vegetable 5.Jute 6.Paper bales 7.Automobile
  17. 17. RAILWAYS AND ROADWAYS 65 TON WAGON CHARGE PER WAGON WAS 65000 CARGOS WERE GENERALLY IN BAGS THE LOADING AND DISCHARGE THEY PAYED 1.5/BAG BY ROAD 1000/TON FOR 500-600KMS RUN
  18. 18. THREAT 1 • RAIL ROADS HAVE BETTER CONNECTIVITY AND ARE FASTER 2 • FLOOD SITUATION IN NW-1 3 • FAULTY SURVEYS IN THE STREATCH
  19. 19. OPPORTUNITY 1 • POSSUBILITIES OF PROJECT CARGOS FROM DELHI TO ALLAHABAD 2 • DAMS AND LOCKS CAN BE CONSTRUCTED FOR RIVER KOSI 3 • PRIVATE SECTOR CAN TAKE AN ACTIVE ROLE
  20. 20. WEAKNESS 1 • NON AVAILABILITY OF RETURN CARGO 2 • DRINKING WATER,IRRIGATION AND HYDEL POWERSECTORS RESULTS IN REDUCED DRAFT 3 • NON AVAILABILITY OF LOW DRAFT HIGH TECHNOLOGY
  21. 21. STRENGTHS 1 • LOW CAPITALCOST 2 • ENVIORNMENT FRIENDLY 3 • LOW ON MAINTENANCE AND FUEL COST
  22. 22. MTSR-GAPS MANUFACTURING GAP TECHNOLOGICAL GAP SKILL DEVELOPMENT GAP RESOURCE GAP
  23. 23. Solution for River Kosi  THE THREE GORGES DAM IN CHINA WITH AN INSTALLED CAPACITY OF 22500 MW COULD BE SET AS AN EXAMPLE FOR RIVER KOSI. BARRIERS CAN BE CREATED TO BLOCK THE FLOOD WATER.
  24. 24. CONCLUSION Integrated Strategy involving all modes could be effective.  Absence of which has resulted in lack of competitive neutrality across transport modes, low quality and capacity of inter-modal connections. Current institutional arrangements do not appear to have provided the level of co-ordination and co-operation between modal jurisdiction needed to address certain issues, as it has led to legal distortion. The cost to the society is the most by road and rail transport as compared to the inland water transport. The congestion in the future would leave no other option than to convert the navigable water in to use.
  25. 25. CONTD.. The funds allocated for the projects to be used in a proper fashion. New ideas to be shared and invited to solve the issues in NW-1
  26. 26. Reference Web sites: http://www.transportation-dictionary.org/Shipping-Dictionary http://www.iwai.nic.in http://www.irclass.org http://www.shipspotting.com/support/faq.php?category=Inland%20vessels http://www.rina.org.uk/tna.html http://www.legalindia.in http://www.hellenicshippingnews.com/ http://www.dailyshippingtimes.com/news.php
  27. 27. Contd… PDF: Maritime Agenda 2010-2020) “The evolution of perspective of inland water transport in India, RITES Journal, April 2006. “viability of IWT in India”- Rangaraj and Raghuram “Perspective on IWT in India”- Sriraman.S “Report on the development of coastal shipping”-TCS Mumbai 2004

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