2 December 2005
Introduction to Databases
Course Review
Prof. Beat Signer
Department of Computer Science
Vrije Universitei...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 2May 26, 2017
Course Review
1. Introduction and Conceptua...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 3May 26, 2017
Course Review ...
4. Relational Database De...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 4May 26, 2017
Course Review ...
7. DBMS Architectures and...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 5May 26, 2017
Course Review …
10.Query Processing and Opt...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 6May 26, 2017
Course Review …
Access
Methods
System
Buffe...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 7May 26, 2017
Covered Book Chapters
 The following chapt...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 8May 26, 2017
Covered Book Chapters ...
 The following c...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 9May 26, 2017
Covered Book Chapters ...
 The following c...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 10May 26, 2017
Exam
 Written closed book exam in English...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 11May 26, 2017
Exam Format
 The exam will contain a numb...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 12May 26, 2017
Exam Format ...
 given a number of relati...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 13May 26, 2017
Exam Format ...
 You should further have ...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 14May 26, 2017
Other Courses
 Web Technologies
 evoluti...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 15May 26, 2017
Other Courses ...
 Next Generation User I...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 16May 26, 2017
01001000100
0101001100010010100010010
0100...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 17May 26, 2017
CISA
Human-Machine &
Human-Information
Int...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 18May 26, 2017
What is Wrong with Digital Documents?
 Ex...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 19May 26, 2017
Cross-Media Information Spaces and Archite...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 20May 26, 2017
RSL Metamodel and iServer
Global Informati...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 21May 26, 2017
Links
Users
Layers
Plug-ins
Structure
Acti...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 22May 26, 2017
Bridging the Paper-Digital Divide
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 23May 26, 2017
RSL-based Associative File System
signer
M...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 24May 26, 2017
Personal Information Management (PIM)
 Ke...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 25May 26, 2017
Object-Concept-Context (OC2) Framework
obj...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 26May 26, 2017
PimVis
Tim ReynaertAudrey Sanctorum
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 27May 26, 2017
PimVis Setup
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 28May 26, 2017
PimVis Context View
Audrey Sanctorum
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 29May 26, 2017
PimVis Document View
Audrey Sanctorum
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 30May 26, 2017
PimVis Focus View
Audrey Sanctorum
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 31May 26, 2017
Document Tracking (DocTr) Framework
 Unif...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 32May 26, 2017
Cross-Device and Cross-Media Interfaces
 ...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 33May 26, 2017
ArtVis: Information Exploration
 Advanced...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 34May 26, 2017
ArtVis ...
Bram Moerman
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 35May 26, 2017
ArtVis ...
Bram Moerman
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 36May 26, 2017
Video: ArtVis
Bram Moerman
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 37May 26, 2017
Mixed Reality
Microsoft HoloLens
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 38May 26, 2017
Tangible Holograms
Timothy J. Curtin
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 39May 26, 2017
Tangible Graph Hologram
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 40May 26, 2017
Collaborative Hologram Interaction
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 41May 26, 2017
Data Physicalisation
 Tangible user inter...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 42May 26, 2017
HCI and HCII in Smart Environments
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 43May 26, 2017
Context Modelling Toolkit (CMT)
 Multi-la...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 44May 26, 2017
Context Modelling Toolkit (CMT) …
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 45May 26, 2017
Cross-Domain Internet of Things (IoT)
 Mi...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 46May 26, 2017
SpeeG2: Multimodal Text Input
User
Speech ...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 47May 26, 2017
Video: SpeeG2 Performance (21 WPM)
Sven De...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 48May 26, 2017
INFEX: Cross-Device Information Exchange
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 49May 26, 2017
INFEX Architecture
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 50May 26, 2017
Open Cross-Media Linking
 Integration of ...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 51May 26, 2017
Visual Plug-ins
Annotation/Link Browser & ...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 52May 26, 2017
Cross-Document Linking
local visual plug-i...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 53May 26, 2017
PaperPoint Presentation Tool
 Mobile Powe...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 54May 26, 2017
PaperPoint Features
 Enhanced mobility du...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 55May 26, 2017
What is Wrong with Slideware?
 Simulation...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 56May 26, 2017
MindXpres Presentation Tool
 Extensible p...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 57May 26, 2017
MindXpres Presentation Tool ...
Reinout Ro...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 58May 26, 2017
MindXpres Platform
 MindXpres presentatio...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 59May 26, 2017
MindXpres Communication Platform
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 60May 26, 2017
Navigation Mirroring Plug-in
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 61May 26, 2017
Polls and Quizzes Plug-in
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 62May 26, 2017
Interactive Source Code Plug-in
Paul Meste...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 63May 26, 2017
Interactive Data Visualisation
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 64May 26, 2017
Interactive Data Visualisation ...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 65May 26, 2017
MindXpres Presentation Tool
 Functional M...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 66May 26, 2017
Multimodal and Multi-Touch Interaction
EPO...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 67May 26, 2017
WISE Lab: Office of the Future
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 68May 26, 2017
 Midas/Mudra Framework
 declarative defi...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 69May 26, 2017
Mudra
 Declarative rule-based language
 ...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 70May 26, 2017
Video: Augmented Reality (Mental Nomad)
To...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 71May 26, 2017
Are You Interested in a Thesis?
 Various ...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 72May 26, 2017
Conclusions
 Innovative cross-media docum...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 73May 26, 2017
References
 http://www.amazon.co.uk/Funda...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 74May 26, 2017
References ...
[1] B. Signer and M.C. Norr...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 75May 26, 2017
References ...
[3] B. Signer, Fundamental ...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 76May 26, 2017
References ...
[5] S. Trullemans and B. Si...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 77May 26, 2017
References ...
[7] R. Roels and B. Signer,...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 78May 26, 2017
References ...
[9] S. Trullemans and B. Si...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 79May 26, 2017
References ...
[11] M.C. Norrie, B. Signer...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 80May 26, 2017
References ...
[13] S. Trullemans, A. Sanc...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 81May 26, 2017
References ...
[15] B. Dumas, T. Broché, L...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 82May 26, 2017
References ...
[17] M. Grossniklaus, M.C. ...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 83May 26, 2017
References ...
[19] C. Scholiers, L. Hoste...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 84May 26, 2017
References ...
[21] B. Signer, U. Kurmann ...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 85May 26, 2017
References ...
[23] B. Signer, M. Grossnik...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 86May 26, 2017
References ...
[25] A. Vogelsang and B. Si...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 87May 26, 2017
References ...
[27] N. Weibel, A. Ispas, B...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 88May 26, 2017
References ...
[29] N. Weibel, B. Signer, ...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 89May 26, 2017
References ...
[31] B. Signer and M.C. Nor...
Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 90May 26, 2017
References ...
[33] S. Trullemans and B. S...
2 December 2005
The End
Good Luck with the Exam!
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Course Review - Lecture 13 - Introduction to Databases (1007156ANR)

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This lecture is part of an Introduction to Databases course given at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

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Course Review - Lecture 13 - Introduction to Databases (1007156ANR)

  1. 1. 2 December 2005 Introduction to Databases Course Review Prof. Beat Signer Department of Computer Science Vrije Universiteit Brussel http://www.beatsigner.com
  2. 2. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 2May 26, 2017 Course Review 1. Introduction and Conceptual Modelling  various DB application domains  basic DB terminology  data models and history of DBMS  conceptual modelling and the ER model 2. Extended ER Model and other Modelling Languages  EER model - specialisation and generalisation, ISA constraints, aggregation  OM and UML as alternative modelling techniques 3. Relational Model and Relational Algebra  relational model  relational algebra - fundamental, additional and extended operations
  3. 3. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 3May 26, 2017 Course Review ... 4. Relational Database Design  reduction  functional and multivalued dependencies  normal forms and normalisation 5. Structured Query Language (SQL)  data definition language (DDL)  data manipulation language (DML) 6. Advanced SQL  authorisation  SQL programming environments - ESQL, SQL/CLI, SQL/PSM and triggers  impedance mismatch
  4. 4. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 4May 26, 2017 Course Review ... 7. DBMS Architectures and Features  components of a DBMS  different DBMS architectures - teleprocessing, two-tier and N-tier architectures, SOA, cloud computing, ... - distributed DBMS, parallel DBMS, TP Monitor, ... 8. Storage Management  storage device hierarchy and RAID systems  buffer management  record formats and operations 9. Access Methods  indexing - sparse, dense and multilevel indices, B+-trees, bitmap index  hashing
  5. 5. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 5May 26, 2017 Course Review … 10.Query Processing and Optimisation  query processing and query costs  selection, sorting, join, ...  basic query optimisation 11.Transaction Management  transactions - conflict serialisability  concurrency - lock-based, timestamp ordering and optimistic  recovery 12.NoSQL Databases
  6. 6. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 6May 26, 2017 Course Review … Access Methods System Buffers Authorisation Control Integrity Checker Command Processor Program Object Code DDL Compiler File Manager Buffer Manager Recovery Manager Scheduler Query Optimiser Transaction Manager Query Compiler Queries Catalogue Manager DML Preprocessor Database Schema Application Programs Database and System Catalogue Database Manager Data Manager DBMS Programmers Users DB Admins Based on 'Components of a DBMS', Database Systems, T. Connolly and C. Begg, Addison-Wesley 2010
  7. 7. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 7May 26, 2017 Covered Book Chapters  The following chapters of the Database System Concepts book have been covered  chapter 1 - Introduction  chapter 2 - Relational Model  chapter 3 - Introduction to SQL  chapter 4 - Intermediate SQL  chapter 5 - Advanced SQL  chapter 6.1 - Relational Algebra
  8. 8. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 8May 26, 2017 Covered Book Chapters ...  The following chapters of the Database System Concepts book have been covered  chapter 7 - Database Design and the ER Model - Reduction to Relational Schemas - Unified Modelling Language (UML)  chapter 8 - Relational Database Design  chapter 10 - Storage and File Structure  chapter 11 - Indexing and Hashing  chapter 12 - Query Processing
  9. 9. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 9May 26, 2017 Covered Book Chapters ...  The following chapters of the Database System Concepts book have been covered  chapter 13 - Query Optimisation  chapter 14 - Transactions  chapter 15 - Concurrency Control  chapter 16 - Recovery System  chapter 17 - Database-System Architectures
  10. 10. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 10May 26, 2017 Exam  Written closed book exam in English/Dutch  covers content of lectures (specific book chapters) and exercises  Current exam date: June 13  room D0.02  14:00-18:00  Questions about the course content?  send an email to Reinout Roels to get an appointment
  11. 11. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 11May 26, 2017 Exam Format  The exam will contain a number of questions addressing different parts of the lecture and exercises  Make sure that you understand the general concepts  Possible topics include but are not limited to  define a conceptual model (ER) for a given description of an application domain  reduction of an (E)ER model to a relational model  given a database schema and some questions about specific content - write the corresponding SQL queries  transform an SQL query to a relational algebra expression
  12. 12. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 12May 26, 2017 Exam Format ...  given a number of relations - write specific relational algebra queries  given a relation R - find functional/multivalued dependencies - check normal forms  given two relations with specific properties - worst case estimates for different kinds of operations (e.g. join)  given an SQL query - define the query expression/execution tree  given a query expression tree and some indices - optimise the query expressions tree  given a schedule S - check if S is conflict serialisable  ...
  13. 13. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 13May 26, 2017 Exam Format ...  You should further have a good understanding of the general concepts introduced in the lecture since there might be essay questions asking you to explain a concept or to compare two or more concepts or solutions
  14. 14. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 14May 26, 2017 Other Courses  Web Technologies  evolution of the Internet and Web Information Systems (WIS)  basic technologies (e.g. HTTP) and web architectures  Web 2.0, semantic web, web search (e.g. Google PageRank)  security, privacy and trust  [http://wise.vub.ac.be/content/web-technologies]  Advanced Topics in Information Systems (4016792ENR)  seminar about recent developments in information systems  internet of things, cloud computing, mashups, web search, post- relational databases, web of data, information visualisation, information system interaction, human-computer interaction, ...  [http://wise.vub.ac.be/content/advanced-topics-information-systems] WEB & INFORMATION SYSTEMS ENGINEERING
  15. 15. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 15May 26, 2017 Other Courses ...  Next Generation User Interfaces (4018166FNR)  general HCI introduction  multimodal interaction (theoretical concepts, fusion and fission, ...)  adaptation  pen-based interaction  tangible interaction and augmented reality  [http://wise.vub.ac.be/content/next-generation-user-interfaces] WEB & INFORMATION SYSTEMS ENGINEERING
  16. 16. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 16May 26, 2017 01001000100 0101001100010010100010010 0100100010010001000100001001000 100010001100001001000110010101010110 1100010010100010010010010100010101011001 101001100001100 101010100 00101000100 110101010101 00100 01010101000 1001 1111111111 111 0000000010 0 11111111 0101001011 010101010 111010101 001010010110 Fluid Cross-Media Information Spaces
  17. 17. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 17May 26, 2017 CISA Human-Machine & Human-Information Interaction Information Systems & Management Information Visualisation & Navigation RSL Hypermedia Metamodel MindXpres Paper-Digital Interfaces PimVisTangible Holograms
  18. 18. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 18May 26, 2017 What is Wrong with Digital Documents?  Existing document formats are based on the simulation of paper affordances on desktop computers  How to manage mixed-media "documents" in open and fluid cross-media information spaces?  on the data level - context-sensitive adapatation - cross-media transclusion  on the visualisation and navigation level - zoomable user interfaces  on the cross-media interaction level - fluid multimodal cross-media interfaces  Remediation of the "paper simulation" approach  WYSIWYG is only one out of many options! CISA Human-Machine & Human-Information Interaction Information Systems & Management Information Visualisation & Navigation
  19. 19. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 19May 26, 2017 Cross-Media Information Spaces and Architectures Information Systems & Management Information Visualisation & Navigation Information Visualisation nd NavigationHuman-Machine & Human-Information Interaction CISA RSL [4] MindXpres [7] OC2 [5] associate file system [2] data-driven storytelling [10] XIMA [12] cross-device interaction [8] iServer/iPaper [3] ViDaX [15] data physicalisation [30] map-based interaction [17] non-linear storytelling [25] PaperProof [27]iGesture [21] Query by Sketch [28] PaperSketch [29] Context Modelling Toolkit [9] Midas [19] SpeeG2 [22] PaperPoint [24] Print-n-Link [16] digital libraries [11] Mudra [20] mixed reality [26] ArtVis [14] open cross-media linking [1] PimVis [13] DocTr [6] EdFest [23] source code visualisation [18]
  20. 20. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 20May 26, 2017 RSL Metamodel and iServer Global Information Systems Group, ETH Zurich
  21. 21. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 21May 26, 2017 Links Users Layers Plug-ins Structure Active Content Global Information Systems Group, ETH Zurich
  22. 22. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 22May 26, 2017 Bridging the Paper-Digital Divide
  23. 23. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 23May 26, 2017 RSL-based Associative File System signer My Pictures Vancouver ER 2010 Granville Island Vancouver Harbour Public Market Keynote J. Thorp Olga and Lamia Dinner ER 2010 multiple classification structural link navigational link My Videos Vancouver Aquarium ER 2010 Keynote cross-media association My Presentations ER 2010 WISE 2009 cross-media transclusion single slide transclusion (via OOXML RSL selector) Gregory Cardone
  24. 24. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 24May 26, 2017 Personal Information Management (PIM)  Keeping, organising and re-finding information  digital and physical  Study of human- information interaction  files, piles, mixtures, …  OC2 PIM model  based on RSL hypermedia metamodel  Cross-Media PIM system  explicit as well as implicit associations between entities
  25. 25. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 25May 26, 2017 Object-Concept-Context (OC2) Framework object layer structural link concept layer context layer navigational link associative link weighted link Object 1 Object n Object 2 Context 1 Context n Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept n extent link entity link Links selector resource (1,*)(1,*) (1,1) (0,*) (0,*) (0,*) RefersTo HasTargetHasSource partition Entities (0,*) link Navigational Links link Extent Links partition ResourcesSelectors context Contexts link Structural Links link Associative Links resource Physical Objects resource Digital Objects resource Concepts resource Objects HasAssoc Target (0,*) (1,*) HasExt Target HasExt Source HasAssoc Source (1,1) (1,*) (0,*) (0,*) (0,*) (1,1) disjoint partition translation OC2 conceptual model RSL-based metamodel
  26. 26. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 26May 26, 2017 PimVis Tim ReynaertAudrey Sanctorum
  27. 27. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 27May 26, 2017 PimVis Setup
  28. 28. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 28May 26, 2017 PimVis Context View Audrey Sanctorum
  29. 29. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 29May 26, 2017 PimVis Document View Audrey Sanctorum
  30. 30. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 30May 26, 2017 PimVis Focus View Audrey Sanctorum
  31. 31. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 31May 26, 2017 Document Tracking (DocTr) Framework  Unified document (object) tracking solution  plug-ins for QR codes, RFID tags, SIFT algorithm, …  tracking of documents across organisational structures  avoid fragmentation when using multiple tracking setups Document Management PendingPool DataModel IdentificationMechanism OC2 GUI REST Input Interface REST Output Interface Third-party Applications DocTr Delegator Tracking Setups
  32. 32. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 32May 26, 2017 Cross-Device and Cross-Media Interfaces  Rapid prototyping platform for cross-device and cross-media integration  End-user authoring  customised distribution of user interface components  mashup tool for digital and physical (IoT) components
  33. 33. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 33May 26, 2017 ArtVis: Information Exploration  Advanced visualisation techniques in combination with a TUI  explore Web Gallery of Art  faceted browsing  phidgets-based TUI  RFID-tagged physical objects  Three main components to explore, analyse and browse the information Bram Moerman
  34. 34. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 34May 26, 2017 ArtVis ... Bram Moerman
  35. 35. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 35May 26, 2017 ArtVis ... Bram Moerman
  36. 36. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 36May 26, 2017 Video: ArtVis Bram Moerman
  37. 37. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 37May 26, 2017 Mixed Reality Microsoft HoloLens
  38. 38. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 38May 26, 2017 Tangible Holograms Timothy J. Curtin
  39. 39. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 39May 26, 2017 Tangible Graph Hologram
  40. 40. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 40May 26, 2017 Collaborative Hologram Interaction
  41. 41. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 41May 26, 2017 Data Physicalisation  Tangible user interfaces (TUIs) for interacting with digital data and services  e.g. ArtVis  Physical objects used for output  often static encoding of digital information  How can we achieve dynamic data physicalisation with dynamic affordances  e.g. 3D visualisation with additional dimensions represented by physical variables such as temperature or texture  exploration of big data sets  tangible holograms as an experimental platform
  42. 42. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 42May 26, 2017 HCI and HCII in Smart Environments
  43. 43. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 43May 26, 2017 Context Modelling Toolkit (CMT)  Multi-layered context modelling approach  programmer, expert user and end user  Beyond simple "if this then that" rules  Client-server architecture  server: context reasoning based on Drools  client: sensor input as well as applications End User Expert User Functions Actions Template Filled in template Situation Situations Facts Rule Programmer Rule (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)  Increase trust via intelligibility
  44. 44. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 44May 26, 2017 Context Modelling Toolkit (CMT) …
  45. 45. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 45May 26, 2017 Cross-Domain Internet of Things (IoT)  Middleware for interoper- ability of smart behaviour across IoT platforms  Cross-domain conflict resolution  End-user authoring and intelligibility
  46. 46. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 46May 26, 2017 SpeeG2: Multimodal Text Input User Speech recognition (Microsoft SAPI 5.4) Skeletal tracking (Microsoft Kinect) 5 4 2 3 SpeeG2 GUI 6 1 Sven De Kock
  47. 47. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 47May 26, 2017 Video: SpeeG2 Performance (21 WPM) Sven De Kock
  48. 48. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 48May 26, 2017 INFEX: Cross-Device Information Exchange
  49. 49. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 49May 26, 2017 INFEX Architecture
  50. 50. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 50May 26, 2017 Open Cross-Media Linking  Integration of a new resource type includes  development of a data plug-in  implementation of a visual plug-in  registration with the resource plug-in repository  Link browser loads plug-ins on demand  internal or external (third party application) visualisation  Third-party applications use the link browser for visualisation  similar to the integration of third-party applications with web browsers  Non-monolithic annotation model and authoring tool  resource-specific plug-ins
  51. 51. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 51May 26, 2017 Visual Plug-ins Annotation/Link Browser & Editor Client Application showEntity(), getSelectedEntity() showEntity()
  52. 52. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 52May 26, 2017 Cross-Document Linking local visual plug-ins external visual plug-ins communicate Link Browser
  53. 53. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 53May 26, 2017 PaperPoint Presentation Tool  Mobile PowerPoint presentation Tool  interactive PowerPoint paper handouts  Support for non-linear presentations  refer back to previous slides  dynamically integrate slides  skip slides
  54. 54. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 54May 26, 2017 PaperPoint Features  Enhanced mobility during presentations  Improved presentation overview for the presenter  see content of current and nearby slides (orientation)  Annotation of static slide content  highlighting of content  dynamic creation of new content at presentation time  Improved control of embedded media (e.g. video)  Digital whiteboard  Multi-pen support  collaborative presentations  brainstorming
  55. 55. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 55May 26, 2017 What is Wrong with Slideware?  Simulation of physical slides  limited space due to the slide concept  linear navigation from slide to slide  difficult to reuse content and embed rich media types  MindXpres addresses these issues  unlimited canvas with zoomable user interface  non-linear navigation and associative linking  content-based approach with automatic visualisation
  56. 56. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 56May 26, 2017 MindXpres Presentation Tool  Extensible prototyping platform for novel presen- tation concepts  content-based approach - separation of content and pre- sentation (automatic visualisation)  cross-media content reuse  non-linear navigation via zoomable user interface  connectivity and interactivity
  57. 57. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 57May 26, 2017 MindXpres Presentation Tool ... Reinout Roels
  58. 58. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 58May 26, 2017 MindXpres Platform  MindXpres presentations are currently represented in the XML-based MindXpres document format  Compiler (node.js application) translates XML to HTML  Presentation engine based on HTML5 and related APIs  e.g. WebSockets for connectivity
  59. 59. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 59May 26, 2017 MindXpres Communication Platform
  60. 60. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 60May 26, 2017 Navigation Mirroring Plug-in
  61. 61. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 61May 26, 2017 Polls and Quizzes Plug-in
  62. 62. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 62May 26, 2017 Interactive Source Code Plug-in Paul Mestereaga
  63. 63. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 63May 26, 2017 Interactive Data Visualisation
  64. 64. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 64May 26, 2017 Interactive Data Visualisation ...
  65. 65. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 65May 26, 2017 MindXpres Presentation Tool  Functional MindXpres prototype  Ongoing work  visual authoring tool - alternative to XML-based authoring  rich media plug-ins - videos with subtitles, annotations etc. - statistical data with alternative visualisations - live sensor data - ...  audience-driven presentations  collaborative annotations and information sharing  multimodal interaction (e.g. integration of PaperPoint concepts)  import of existing slideware formats
  66. 66. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 66May 26, 2017 Multimodal and Multi-Touch Interaction EPOC, emotiv Echo Smartpen, Livescribe Kinect,Microsoft
  67. 67. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 67May 26, 2017 WISE Lab: Office of the Future
  68. 68. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 68May 26, 2017  Midas/Mudra Framework  declarative definition of multimodal and multi-touch interactions  rule-based language approach  rapid protoyping and application development  iGesture Workbench  create and test gesture sets and algorithms  different modalities: digital pen, Wii remote, …  open source (www.igesture.org)  HephaisTK Toolkit  domain-specific human-computer dialogue language (SMUIML) for multimodal I/O  speech recognisers, RFID readers, … Multimodal and Multi-Touch Interaction
  69. 69. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 69May 26, 2017 Mudra  Declarative rule-based language  Fusion across different levels of abstraction  fact base  Rapid prototyping  simple integration of new input devices  integration of external gesture recognisers
  70. 70. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 70May 26, 2017 Video: Augmented Reality (Mental Nomad) Toon Duwee
  71. 71. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 71May 26, 2017 Are You Interested in a Thesis?  Various possibilities for BA, MA and PhD theses  Mixed Reality Solutions - e.g. for photography, museums etc.  Tangible User Interfaces  Data Physicalisation - tangible hologram platform - big data exploration interfaces  MindXpres Presentation Platform  Cross-Device and Cross-Media Interfaces  Smart Environments and Cross-Domain Internet of Things (IoT)  Personal Information Management (PIM)  Interactive Paper Solutions  ...  Do you have your own ideas? Come along to discuss them...
  72. 72. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 72May 26, 2017 Conclusions  Innovative cross-media document formats which go beyond simulating paper on desktop computers  RSL-based representation of open and fluid cross-media information spaces  interactive paper and data physicalisation solutions  personal information management and associative file systems  MindXpres presentation tool  Multimodal and multi-touch interaction  Midas/Mudra, HephaisTK and iGesture  SpeeG2, Kinect Presenter  Mixed reality and data physicalisation  ArtVis, Mental Nomad and Tangible Holograms
  73. 73. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 73May 26, 2017 References  http://www.amazon.co.uk/Fundamental-Concepts-Interactive-Cross- Media-Information/dp/3837027139  ArtVis Project  http://www.beatsigner.com/flyers/ArtVis.pdf  MindXpres Project  http://mindxpres.com  Tangible Holograms  http://beatsigner.com/tangibleHolograms.html  B. Signer, Fundamental Concepts for Interactive Paper and Cross-Media Information Spaces, ISBN 978-3-8370-2713-6, May 2008
  74. 74. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 74May 26, 2017 References ... [1] B. Signer and M.C. Norrie, A Model and Architecture for Open Cross-Media Annotation and Link Services, Information Systems 36(3), Elsevier, May 2011  http://beatsigner.com/publications/signer_IS2011.pdf [2] B. Signer, What is Wrong with Digital Documents? A Conceptual Model for Structural Cross-Media Content Composition and Reuse, Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling (ER 2010), Vancouver, Canada, November 2010  http://beatsigner.com/publications/signer_ER2010.pdf
  75. 75. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 75May 26, 2017 References ... [3] B. Signer, Fundamental Concepts for Interactive Paper and Cross-Media Information Spaces, Dissertation ETH No. 16218, Zurich, Switzerland, 2005  http://beatsigner.com/publications/signer2006.pdf [4] B. Signer and M.C. Norrie, As We May Link: A General Metamodel for Hypermedia Systems, Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling (ER 2007), Auckland, New Zealand, November 2007  http://beatsigner.com/publications/signer_ER2010.pdf
  76. 76. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 76May 26, 2017 References ... [5] S. Trullemans and B. Signer, Towards a Con- ceptual Framework and Metamodel for Context-Aware Personal Cross-Media Information Management Systems, Proceedings of ER 2014, 33rd International Conference on Conceptual Modelling, Atlanta, USA, October, 2014  http://beatsigner.com/publications/trullemans_ER2014.pdf [6] S. Trullemans, A. Vercruysse and B. Signer, DocTr: A Unifying Framework for Tracking Physical Docu- ments and Organisational Structures, Proceedings of EICS 2016, Brussels, Belgium, June 2016  http://beatsigner.com/publications/trullemans_EICS2016.pdf
  77. 77. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 77May 26, 2017 References ... [7] R. Roels and B. Signer, MindXpres: An Exten- sible Content-driven Cross-Media Presentation Platform, Proceedings of WISE 2014, 15th Interna- tional Conference on Web Information System Engineering, Thessaloniki, Greece, October, 2014  http://beatsigner.com/publications/roels_WISE2014.pdf [8] A. Sanctorum and B. Signer, Towards User-defined Cross-Device Interaction, Proceedings of DUI 2016, 5th Workshop on Distributed User Interfaces, Lugano, Switzerland, June 2016  http://beatsigner.com/publications/sanctorum_DUI2016.pdf
  78. 78. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 78May 26, 2017 References ... [9] S. Trullemans and B. Signer, A Multi-layered Context Modelling Approach for End Users, Expert Users and Programmers, Proceedings of the Interna- tional Workshop on Smart Ecosystems cReation by Visual dEsign (SERVE 2016), Bari, Italy, June 2016  http://beatsigner.com/publications/trullemans_SERVE2016.pdf [10] R. Roels, Y. Baeten and B. Signer, An Interactive Data Visualisation Approach for Next Generation Presentation Tools: Towards Rich Presentation-based Data Exploration and Storytelling, Proceedings of CSEDU 2016, Rome, Italy, April, 2016  http://beatsigner.com/publications/roels_CSEDU2016.pdf
  79. 79. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 79May 26, 2017 References ... [11] M.C. Norrie, B. Signer and N. Weibel, Interactive Paper as a Reading Medium in Digital Libraries, Pro- ceedings of ECDL 2008, 12th European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries, Aarhus, Denmark, September 2008  http://beatsigner.com/publications/norrie_ECDL2008.pdf [12] B. Signer, M.C. Norrie, P. Geissbuehler and D. Heiniger, Telephone Interface for Avalanche War- nings based on Information Server for Adaptable Con- tent Delivery, Proceedings of Pervasive 2002, Zurich, Switzerland, August 2002  http://beatsigner.com/publications/signer_Pervasive2002.pdf
  80. 80. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 80May 26, 2017 References ... [13] S. Trullemans, A. Sanctorum and B. Signer, PimVis: Exploring and Re-finding Documents in Cross- Media Information Spaces, Proceedings of the Inter- national Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI 2016), Bari, Italy, June 2016  http://beatsigner.com/publications/trullemans_AVI2016.pdf [14] B. Dumas, B. Moerman, S. Trullemans and B. Signer, ArtVis: Combining Advanced Visualisation and Tan- gible Interaction for the Exploration, Analysis and Browsing of Digital Artwork Collections, Proceedings of AVI 2014, Como, Italy, May 2014  http://beatsigner.com/publications/dumas_AVI2014.pdf
  81. 81. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 81May 26, 2017 References ... [15] B. Dumas, T. Broché, L. Hoste and B. Signer, ViDaX: An Interactive Semantic Data Visualisation and Exploration Tool, Proceedings of AVI 2012, Internatio- nal Working Conference on Advanced Visual Inter- faces, Capri Island, Italy, May 2012  http://beatsigner.com/publications/dumas_AVI2012.pdf [16] Moira C. Norrie, Beat Signer and Nadir Weibel, Print-n-Link: Weaving the Paper Web, Proceedings of DocEng 2006, ACM Symposium on Document Engineering, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 2006  http://beatsigner.com/publications/norrie_DocEng2006.pdf
  82. 82. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 82May 26, 2017 References ... [17] M. Grossniklaus, M.C. Norrie, B. Signer and N. Weibel ,Putting Location-Based Services on the Map, Proceedings of W2GIS 2006, Hong Kong, China, December 2006  http://beatsigner.com/publications/grossniklaus_W2GIS2006.pdf [18] R. Roels, P. Mestereaga and B. Signer, An Interactive Source Code Visualisation Plug-in for the MindXpres Presentation Platform, Communications in Computer and Information Science (CCIS), 583, 2016  http://beatsigner.com/publications/roels_CCIS2016.pdf
  83. 83. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 83May 26, 2017 References ... [19] C. Scholiers, L. Hoste, B. Signer and W. De Meuter, Midas: A Declarative Multi-Touch Interaction Framework, Proceedings of TEI 2011, 5th Interna- tional Conference on Tangible, Embedded and Em- bodied Interaction, Funchal, Portugal, January 2006  http://beatsigner.com/publications/scholliers_TEI2011.pdf [20] L. Hoste, B. Dumas and B. Signer, Mudra: A Unified Multimodal Interaction Framework, Proceedings of ICMI 2011, 13th International Conference on Multi- modal Interaction (ICMI 2011), Alicante, Spain, November 2011  http://beatsigner.com/publications/scholliers_TEI2011.pdf
  84. 84. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 84May 26, 2017 References ... [21] B. Signer, U. Kurmann and M.C. Norrie, iGesture: A General Gesture Recognition Framework, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (ICDAR 2007), Curitiba, Brazil, September 2007  http://beatsigner.com/publications/signer_ICDAR2007.pdf [22] L. Hoste and B. Signer, SpeeG2: A Speech- and Gesture-based Interface for Efficient Controller-free Text Entry, Proceedings of ICMI 2013, 15th Inter- national Conference on Multimodal Interaction, Sydney, Australia, December 2013  http://beatsigner.com/publications/hoste_ICMI2013.pdf
  85. 85. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 85May 26, 2017 References ... [23] B. Signer, M. Grossniklaus and M.C. Norrie, Interactive Paper as a Mobile Client for a Multi- Channel Web Information System, World Wide Web Journal (WWW), Vol. 10, No. 4, Springer, December 2007  http://beatsigner.com/publications/signer_WWWJ2007.pdf [24] B. Signer and M.C. Norrie, PaperPoint: A Paper- based Presentation and Interactive Paper Prototyping Tool, Proceedings of TEI 2007, First International Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction, Baton Rouge, USA, February 2007  http://beatsigner.com/publications/signer_TEI2007.pdf
  86. 86. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 86May 26, 2017 References ... [25] A. Vogelsang and B. Signer, The Lost Cosmo- naut: An Interactive Narrative Environment on Basis of Digitally Enhanced Paper, Proceedings of the Inter- national Conference on Virtual Storytelling 2005, Strasbourg, France, December 2005  http://beatsigner.com/publications/vogelsang_ICVS2005.pdf [26] L. Hoste and B. Signer, Expressive Control of Indirect Augmented Reality During Live Music Performances, Proceedings of NIME 2013, 13th International Confe- rence on New Interfaces for Musical Expression, Daejeon, Korea Republic, May 2013  http://beatsigner.com/publications/hoste_NIME2013.pdf
  87. 87. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 87May 26, 2017 References ... [27] N. Weibel, A. Ispas, B. Signer and M.C. Norrie, PaperProof: A Paper-Digital Proof-Editing System, Proceedings of CHI 2008, 26th International Confe- rence on Human Factors in Computing Systems (Interactivity Track), Florence, Italy, April 2008  http://beatsigner.com/publications/weibel_CHI2008.pdf [28] A. Ispas, H. Schuldt, M.C. Norrie and B. Signer, Towards Query by Sketch, Michael Springmann, Second DELOS Conference on Digital Libraries, Pisa, Italy, December 2007  http://beatsigner.com/publications/springmann_DELOS2007.pdf
  88. 88. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 88May 26, 2017 References ... [29] N. Weibel, B. Signer, M.C. Norrie, H. Hofstetter, H.-C. Jetter and H. Reiterer, PaperSketch: A Paper- Digital Collaborative Remote Sketching Tool, Proceed- ings of IUI 2011, International Conference on Intelli- gent User Interfaces, Palo Alto, USA, February 2011  http://beatsigner.com/publications/weibel_IUI2011.pdf [30] B. Signer and T.J. Curtin, Tangible Holograms: Towards Mobile Physical Augmentation of Virtual Objects, Technical Report WISE Lab, WISE-2017-01, March 2017  http://beatsigner.com/publications/signer_arXiv2017.pdf
  89. 89. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 89May 26, 2017 References ... [31] B. Signer and M.C. Norrie, Interactive Paper: Past, Present and Future, Proceedings of PaperComp 2010, 1st International Workshop on Paper Com- puting, Copenhagen Denmark, September 2010  http://beatsigner.com/publications/signer_PaperComp2010.pdf [32] A.A.O Tayeh and B. Signer, A Dynamically Extensible Open Cross-Document Link Service, Proceedings of WISE 2015, 16th International Conference on Web Information Systems Engineering, Miami, USA, November, 2015  http://beatsigner.com/publications/tayeh_WISE2015.pdf
  90. 90. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 90May 26, 2017 References ... [33] S. Trullemans and B. Signer, From User Needs to Opportunities in Personal Information Management: A Case Study on Organisational Strategies in Cross- Media Information Spaces, Proceedings of DL 2014, London, UK, September, 2014  http://beatsigner.com/publications/trullemans_DL2014.pdf [34] R. Roels, C. Vermeylen and B. Signer, A Unified Communication Platform for Enriching and Enhancing Presentations with Active Learning Components, Pro- ceedings of ICALT 2014, Athens, Greece, July 2014  http://beatsigner.com/publications/roels_ICALT2014.pdf
  91. 91. 2 December 2005 The End Good Luck with the Exam!

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