C H I L D L A B O U R

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C H I L D L A B O U R

  1. 2. When the sun falls, and the moon comes bright The shadow falls all over my life, They say life is a struggle to strive for the best For me it’s a few hours of rest… I don’t need your love, I don’t need your sympathy Just give me a penny, to fill my stomach which is for a day empty. Don’t know what lies in the future can’t say what lies ahead Why I was born, I always regret… My dream of life oh God, bless me with four shoulders What can take me to ultimate heights… Don’t hurt me, don’t laugh at me I’m your mere reflection, give me some dignity…
  2. 3. GROUP 7 SHUBHRA GANDHI SMRITI SHARMA SOUMADEEP DAKSHY SOURAV AICH UMAKANT GUPTA WASIM MUKKARAM <ul><li>CHILD LABOUR </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>THIS IS WHAT WE CALL LIFE!!!! </li></ul>
  4. 5. BUT… <ul><li>THIS IS ALSO LIFE!!!! </li></ul>
  5. 6. THE SMALL HANDS OF SLAVERY
  6. 7. What is child labour? <ul><li>Child labour is defined as all economic activity for children less than 12 years </li></ul><ul><li>Any work for those aged 12-14 of sufficient hours per week to undermine their health or education, and all “hazardous work” which could threaten the health of children under 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Child Labour hampers the normal, physical, intellectual, emotional and moral development of a child </li></ul>
  7. 8. Some Disheartening Facts <ul><li>An estimated 218 million children aged 5-17 are engaged in child labour, excluding child domestic labour </li></ul><ul><li>126 million of these children are believed to be engaged in hazardous situations or conditions, such as working in mines, working with chemicals and pesticides in agriculture or working with dangerous machinery, which is otherwise described as the “worst forms of child labour” </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly children are sent to work by compulsion and not by their choice </li></ul><ul><li>1 out of 3 children(5-14 years) don’t have access to primary education </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately fifteen million children work as bonded laborers in India </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>The “unconditional” worst forms of child labour and refers to any form of slavery or coercion, trafficking, prostitution and military enrolment </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of girls who work as domestic servants are especially vulnerable to exploitation and abuse </li></ul><ul><li>An estimated 1.2 million children are trafficked, forced into debt bondage or other forms of slavery (5.7 million), into prostitution (The worst form of exploitation of girls) and pornography (1.8 million), into participating in armed conflict (0.3 million) or other illicit activities (0.6 million) </li></ul>
  9. 10. FACTORS BEHIND CHILD LABOUR <ul><li>POVERTY </li></ul><ul><li>POOR QUALITY OF EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>CAN BE EASILY LURED AND DOMINATED </li></ul><ul><li>LACK OF AWARENESS </li></ul><ul><li>THE MAJOR REASON FOR EXPLOITATION IS THE FRAGILE SITUATION OF CHILDREN IN INDIA – IF THEY DON’T WORK THEY WILL STRAVE </li></ul>
  10. 11. CHILDREN'S RIGHTS <ul><li>In 1989, the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) </li></ul><ul><li>Article 32 asserts the right that children should not be engaged in work deemed to be “hazardous or to interfere with the child's education, or to be harmful to the child's health” </li></ul><ul><li>International Labour Organization (ILO) has allied its mission with the cause </li></ul><ul><li>The ILO aims to achieve this objective by 2016 with clear plans in place by 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Universally recognized children's rights are however insufficient means of combating child labour </li></ul>
  11. 12. DEVELOPMENT SOLUTIONS <ul><li>The most common obstacle to adequate legal protection for children is the fact that legislation is not enforced </li></ul><ul><li>Intense media attention and ultimately successful public campaigns for governments to get tough on child labour </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of chronic poverty through broad-based economic and social development, with a strong emphasis on human resource development, will create the environment for fundamental change in cultural attitudes towards children </li></ul>
  12. 13. THE GOVERNMENT’S STANCE <ul><li>The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act was enacted in 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>The Act prohibits employment of children in certain specified hazardous occupations and processes and regulates the working conditions in others.  </li></ul><ul><li>In consonance with the above approach, a National Policy on Child Labour NCLP was formulated in 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>The Policy seeks to adopt a gradual & sequential approach with a focus on rehabilitation of children working in hazardous occupations & processes in the first instance </li></ul><ul><li>THE IMPLEMENTATION OF NCLP AND INDUS SCHEMES IS BEING CLOSELY MONITORED THROUGH PERIODICAL REPORTS, FREQUENT VISITS AND MEETINGS WITH THE DISTRICT AND STATE GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS. THE GOVERNMENT IS COMMITTED TO ELIMINATE CHILD LABOUR IN ALL ITS FORMS AND IS MOVING IN THIS DIRECTION IN A TARGETED MANNER. </li></ul>
  13. 14. ELIMINATING CHILD LABOUR … (OUR PERSPECTIVE) <ul><li>Eliminate poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure free and suitable education, ensure skills training for children release from worst form of child labour </li></ul><ul><li>By keeping children in school, children are less vulnerable to child labour. Withdraw child labourers and put them back to schools. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a need to improve the system/education model which can be used to withdraw children from work force </li></ul><ul><li>Good quality human resources and enough source of funding </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership with education stakeholders   </li></ul>
  14. 16. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Even though we have given a contingency plan with which we think this social issue could slowly be eradicated, the road ahead is stormy </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness programs with change in government policies and free education is a must to get rid of this social evil that still exists in our society today </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations like CRY, ACTION AID INDIA, BUTTERFLIES AND PRAYAS are working 24/7 for the rights of these children. It is our duty to support these causes and raise our voices against this injustice that is happening around us </li></ul>
  15. 17. NGO PROFILE ACTION AID INDIA One area of focus of Action Aid India is education and 'left out' children (including street and working children). The NGO has 12 regional offices (in Bangalore, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Kolkata, Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Lucknow, Mumbai and Patna). BUTTERFLIES Butterflies provides alternative education aswell as basic services to street children and working children in the New Delhi area. CRY CRY targets underprivileged Indian children, including child workers. The NGO carries out child development initiatives all over India. It is based in Maharashtra. CREDA The NGO's work focuses on child labour related activities. It has undertaken projects for the elimination and rehabilitation of child labour around Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh). GLOBAL MARCH AGAINST CHILD LABOUR The Global March Against Child Labour is a global movement against child labour. It has partners in over 150 countries and is based in New Delhi. PRAYAS Prayas works with destitute, street, and working children. It addresses issues related to lack of sensitivity and infrastructure for their rehabilitation, education, and reintegration. Prayas covers Delhi, Bihar and the earthquake affected areas of Gujarat. WORLD VISION INDIA World Vision conducts nine special initiative programmes, targeting in particular street children, bonded child labourers and child victims of sexual exploitation.
  16. 18. A FEW MOMENTS THAT WE COULD CAPTURE
  17. 24. Lets Join Hands for a better tomorrow. . .

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