GREEN CONSTRUCTION PRESENTATION Scientific Assessment of Climate Change New Findings Faculty: Dr. A. Abhyankar Presented By: Anoop K. N. Mahim Ojha Vinayak Mahindrakar Siddhartha Kamat
Contents• Introduction• Introduction to IPCC and AR4• Brief on TERI(The Energy and Resources Institute)• Dangerous Anthropogenic Interference• Future Projections• Need for Mass Movement on Climate Change• References
An appeal to our Friends…..“The issue of climate change needs to be given a seriousthought, and our Mother Earth would like you all to be responsible citizens and contribute your part in doing good to the environment”
Introduction to IPCC• Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change• Established in 1988• Its mission is to provide comprehensive scientific assessments of current scientific, technical and socio-economic information worldwide about the risk of climate change caused by human activity.• It does not carry out its own original research nor does it do the work of monitoring climate or related phenomena itself.
Introduction to IPCC• The Main activity of IPCC is to publish special reports on topics relevant to Implementation of UNFCCC• UNFCC- United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is an international treaty – acknowledging the possibility of harmful climate change.
Introduction to AR4• By IPCC• It provides a great deal of new scientific knowledge which carries learning with the special value in a world where climate change has now come to occupy centre-stage of contemporary global issues.
Limitations• Needs public awareness and public demand for the governments to take notice of what the public demands• It can happen only if the manifestation is widespread and strong• But, the ability and capacity Of IPCC to spread the findings is limited.
Introduction to TERI• The first big foot – The conference on “Global warming and climate change: Perspectives from developing countries”, New Delhi, 1989• The agenda was to concentrate on equity, efficiency and burden sharing needed to be evaluated in defining the role of developing countries• After conference , TERI established a Centre for Global Environmental Research• This centre did the following task • Conducted the research • Dissemination of results through message to public, school children, advising govts. and multilateral organizations on regular basis.
Dangerous AnthropogenicInterferences• Ever since the industrial age, there has been a clear trend of rising temperatures.• A drastic increase in GHG’s due to anthropogenic interference.• Human factors have overtaken the natural factors in the second half of the 20th century.• A 17cm increase in sea level in just the past decade.• 70% increase in GHG’s since 1970 to 2004• This highlights the ineffective nature of global action even though the UNFCC was established in 1992 and the KP in 2005
Future Projections• IPCC has carried out projections of the future changes in temperature as well as their effects to our earth and us.• The projected increase in temperature by the end of 21st century will be within the range of 1.1-6.4 Degree Celsius.• Even with best efforts by us it will still increase by 2.5 Degree Celsius taking into account the average of 0.74 Degree Celsius increase in the 20 th Century.• There are some very crucial effects of this future projections and increase in the climate.
Major Concerns around the Globe• Mega Deltas extremely susceptible to major coastal flooding.• 75-250 million people living under water stress in Africa by 2020.• Decline in agricultural yields by almost 50 % by 2020 in some parts of Africa.• Arctic region is warming twice as fast than the rest of the globe.• Global Ice meltdown could leave more than 700 million as environmental refugees.• Adaptation to the impacts of climate change must be taken seriously, also there is a sense of urgency to take measures so as to bring about stabilization of the earths climate.
Major Concerns around the Globe• In order to stabilize the temp. increase between 2-2.4 Deg. C. the extent of mitigation required would impose a cost of no more than 3% of the GGDP in 2030.• The co-benefits from such efforts include higher energy security, lower levels of air pollution, commensurate health benefits, higher levels of employment etc.• The world would incur a negative costs related to such a path of mitigation.• Very little time to embark on the preferred trajectory of mitigation.