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  1. 1. A Presenatationon “Turkey”<br />Prepared by:<br />KinjalDamani( 5009 )<br />ZalakPatel ( 5050 )<br />SiddhiVora ( 5230 )<br />
  2. 2. ThebridgebetweenEuropeandAsia…<br />-TURKEY-<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. National Flag<br /> Turkish flag consists of a white crescent and star on a red background. Red is a prominent color in Turkish history, especially associated with the bloody battles of the Turkish War of Independence. The crescent and star are generally regarded as Islamic symbols today.<br />
  5. 5. National Flower<br />Tulip<br />
  6. 6. Formation Of republic Turkey<br />Under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Pasha, during the Battle of Gallipoli, the Turkish War of Independence was waged with the aim to unified the nation.<br />On November 1, 1922, the newly founded parliament formally abolished the Sultanate, thus ending 623 years of Ottoman rule. <br />The republic was officially proclaimed on October 29, 1923, in the new capital of Ankara.<br />
  7. 7. Basic Facts About Turkey<br />Official name: Republic of Turkey <br />President:  Abdullah Gul<br />Prime minister: RecepTayyipErdogan<br />Capital: Ankara<br />Currency: Turkish lira <br />Climate: Temperature ; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters<br />Population: 75.8 million <br />Population growth rate: 1.33%<br />
  8. 8. Area: 7,79,452 sq km (300,948 sq miles) <br />Largest city: Istanbul <br />Major language: Turkish <br />Major religion: Islam <br />Life expectancy: 70 years (men), 75 years (women)<br />Ethnic Groups: Turkish, Kurdish, others<br />
  9. 9. Literacy: 86.5%<br /> 8 yrs of schooling compulsory<br />Work Force ( 23.21 Million): 2005 est.<br />Business Hours: 9 am to 5 pm ( 1 hour Lunch)<br /> Monday to Friday<br />
  10. 10. Turkey is 7th largest emerging economy and the European union’s biggest trading partner.<br />GDP:$1.028 trillion (2008 est.)<br />GDP Growth : 4.5% (2008 est.)<br />GDP by Sector :<br />
  11. 11. Unemployment 7.9% <br />Underemployment 4%<br />Main industries : Textiles, Food processing, Auto, Electronics, Mining(coal,chromite,copper,boron),Steel,<br />Petroleum,Comstruction,Paper<br />Exports : $141.8 billion (2008)<br />Import : $204.8 billion (2008) <br />
  12. 12. Export goods:textiles,foodstuffs,metalmanufactures,transportequipment,electronics,home appliances<br />Import goods : machinery,chemicals.semi finished goods,fuels<br />
  13. 13. Government & political aspect<br />Government : Republican parliamentary democracy<br />Independence: october 29,1923<br />The president is head of state <br />The prime minister is head of govt.<br />The president is elected by national aasembly for 5 year term<br />The voting age is 21<br />
  14. 14. The territory of Turkey is subdivided into 81 provinces for administrative purposes. The provinces are organized into 7 region . Each province is divided into districts, for a total of 923 districts.<br />Public debt is 37.1% of GDP<br />Revenues : $164.6 billion (2008 est.)<br />Expenses : $ 176.3 billion (2008 est.)<br />
  15. 15. National culture of Turkey<br />More important of personal and family relation<br />Strong uncertainty avoidance<br />Collectivism & individualism present in the culture.<br />Equal level of values for males and females.<br />Culture is mixture of western and eastern.<br />More responsive to guests<br />Hospitality is integral part of Turkish culture.<br />Not very social but are good at relationships with people.<br />First time visitors to a home bring a small gift like fruit or flowers.<br />
  16. 16. Guests should avoid asking their hosts personal questions.<br />High achievement orientation.<br />They are detail conscious but not personal<br />
  17. 17. The Nazar Bead<br /><ul><li>Nazar bead refers to a very traditional item in Turkey, Anywhere you go or any people you talk to can show you a bead in his pocket, or at home, or in his car etc. Andifthis Nazar bead is brokenforwhateverreason, it'sbeleivedthat it workedandprotectedyoufromsomeevil-eyethatprobabilyyouareunaware of at that moment. Sothiswouldguardyoufromanynegativeenergyorfromjealouslooks of othersforexample.</li></ul>The Nazar bead is usually made of blue glass, with white and yellow or white and blue again circles inside, that would be a typical Nazar Bonjuk.<br />
  18. 18. HRM Practices<br />Large power distance<br />Inequality in wealth and in decision making<br />Autocratic leadership style<br />Central decision making<br />Limited delegation <br />Limited information sharing, participation and internal control<br />Hierarchical leadership and organizational structure<br />
  19. 19. Turkish Managers like<br />Prefer to be managed than to manage.<br />High level of tolerance<br />Have strong empathic ability<br />The conceptual rather than concrete<br />Prefer to use intuitive approaches to their decisions<br />Do not like to change their jobs often<br />Not risk takers<br />Not good at controlling their emotions<br />
  20. 20. Thank you for your attention!<br />Teşekkürler! <br />