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Train lighting system

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summer training on train lighting system in indian railway

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Train lighting system

  1. 1. SIDDHARTHA SHUKLA EN-B (4th year) ROLL NO.-1203221103
  2. 2. 1. Axle Driven System 2. Mid On Generation(MOD) System 3. End Of Generation(EOD) System 4. ALTERNATORS USED IN COACHES 5. BATTERIES USED IN TRAIN COACHES
  3. 3. AXLE DRIVEN SYSTEM  In this system 4.5 KW brushless alternators are driven through V-belts from axle.  Lead acid batteries 11O V, 120 Ah arranged from 3 cell Mono Block units.  Four numbers of emergency feed terminals boxes for B.G. and one number for M.G. coach are provided on each end wall for interconnecting the coach to adjacent coach to receive power, in the case generation fails.  For BG AC coaches, 18 KW / 25 KW brushless alternators are used.  Two such alternators are used in AC-2T /AC- 3T /Chair Cars and only an alternator is used in First AC coach.  Batteries of 800 / 11 00 AH capacity at 10 hr rating are used in I AC / AC-2T / AC-3T /chair car of B.G. Coaches.
  4. 4.  Output from alternator mounted on the bogie of coach is fed to the regulator cum rectifier for rectifying the AC output to DC and regulating the output voltage at different speeds and loads.  The output from rectifier cum regulator on the under frame is brought through cables on the coach.  The load is fed through four rotary switches (RSW) and fuses connecting circuits LI, L2, F and SPM.  LI feeds the essential lighting load like lavatories, gangways, doorways and up to 50% of light in each compartment/bays corridor lights and night lights, L2 feeds remaining lighting loads, F feeds the fan load and SPM feeds emergency feed terminals (EFT).  An external battery charging terminal (BCT) is provided to charge the battery from external charger, if battery is in rundown condition due to failure of alternator.
  5. 5. BASI C CIRCUIT DIAGRAM FOR AXLE DRIVEN SYSTEM
  6. 6. MID ON GENERATION(MOD) SYSTEM In this system a power car housing DG sets is used in middle of rake.  It is chosen for small branch line slow trains having long halts where batteries are likely to remain undercharged if conventional axle driven system is adopted.  Capacity of DG set will depend on composition of rake (usually 30 KVA) and generation is at 415 V, 3 phase, 50 cycle and is stepped down to 110 V, 3 Phase, 50 cycles.
  7. 7. END OF GENERATION(EOD) SYSTEM Rakes of Rajdhani / Shatabdi express trains having heavy load of air-conditioned coaches, pantry cars with electrically operated cooking appliances, use Diesel Generating Sets housed in coaches known as Power cars to meet the load.  Normally 2 power cars, one on either side of rake, generate power at 750 V AC or 415 V AC, 3 phase, 50 cycles.  All the coaches of power cars are interconnected with each other through couplers consisting of switchgear flexible cables.
  8. 8. GLIMPSES INSIDE POWER CARS
  9. 9. ALTERNATORS USED IN COACHES (1) 4.5 KW, 120V BG non- AC coaches (2) 3.0 KW, 120 V for MG non-AC coaches (3) 12.0 KW, 120 V for MG AC coaches / Jan Shatabdi Non AC Coaches. (4) 18.0 KW, 130 V for BG AC coaches (old) (5) 25 KW,130V, alternator for BG AC coaches (new)
  10. 10. Approved manufacturers for the alternators are:  KEL (Kerala Electrical & Allied Engineering Industries)  BEACON ( Best & Crompton)  SIL ( Stone India Limited)  HMTD Engineering  CGL (Crompton Greaves Limited)  Some new makes are also coming up like PIPL, STESALITE, IEC etc
  11. 11. BATTERIES USED IN TRAIN COACHES  Conventional Lead Acid Cells .  Valve Regulated Lead Acid(VRLA) Batteries / SMF Batteries.
  12. 12. CHARGING OF BATTERIES 1. Initial Filling:-  Remove the vent / filler plugs and fill the cells, with the previously prepared and cooled electrolyte, till the lower marking on the float indicator stem just appears above the float plug.  The approximate quantity and gravity of the electrolyte for initial fillings are given in the reference table.  After filling, allow the cells to rest for a period of around 16 - 24 hours.  During the rest period there will be some fall in the level of electrolyte. Restore this with some more electrolyte, before putting the cells on first charge.  Now the cells are ready for first charge.
  13. 13. 2. First Charge:-  Select a D.C. source of 50% higher voltage and current capacities as compared to the battery voltage and maximum current requirement. Connect the positive of the source to the positive of the cell battery as marked on the terminals and negative of the source to the negative of the cell / battery also as marked on the terminals.  Now charge the cells at the specified rate for 80/100 hours as indicated in Table II.  During the charging it is not advisable to allow the temperature of the electrolyte to exceed 50 degree C. So, should it cross 45 degree C, reduce the charging rate to half the value and increase time proportionately. If the temperature continues to rise towards 50 degree C, stop charging immediately, and recommence only after the electrolyte has cooled down below 50 degree C. The total charge input should equal Time x I (where I is the specified charging current).  While charging, there will be some fall in the level of electrolyte due to loss of water by gassing. Restore this at intervals, say 24 hrs. by adding required quantity of approved quality of water into the cells.  It is necessary to start adjusting the sp. gravity of electrolyte to 1.215 ± 0.005 (with RPg-800, 1.250 ± 0.005) corrected to 27 degree C, at about 10-hours prior to the completion of charge; so that the adjustment is complete before the completion of charge.

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