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Herbal medicine


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Herbal medicine

  1. 1. BySidharth Anand 9582321735
  2. 2. WHAT IS HERB? Any plant with leaves, seeds, or flowers used for flavouring, food, medicine, or perfume.
  3. 3. HOW TO IDENTIFY HERBS ON THE BASIS OF COLOUR OF ITS FLOWER Yellow flower-it can be for liver,gallbladder,urinary problems.  Reddish –antibiotics,skin disorders.  Purple-stress,blood purifier,treating muscles. ON THE BASIS OF GROWING CONDITION Grow in gravel-Works as a stone breaker in body parts like kidney ,gallbladder..
  4. 4. Grow in wet soil-Works in respiratory problems etc.. Grow near fast moving water-clean the toxins and wastes in body system… ONE THE BASIS OF TEXTURESoft texture-for colds and chest disorders. Thorny herbs-for sharp pain,hair… Climbing herbs-for blood system and nervous system.. ON THE BASIS OF ROOT SYSTEMVein like roots- For blood and nerve disorders. Thread like roots- Veins in the skin…. ETC…..ETC……..ETC……..ETC…….
  5. 5. HERBAL MEDICINE MEDICINE EXCLUSIVELY MADE FROM PLANTS. It is the oldest still the most widely used systemm of medicine in the world today. 6000 plants have medicinal applications 25% of “modern” prescription drugs have botanical origins
  6. 6. WHY HERBAL MEDICINE It is being used by about 80% of the world population primarily in the developing countries for primary health care. SAFETY,EFFICACY, CULTURAL ACCEPTABILITY AND LESSER SIDE EFFECTS. Ancient literature also mentions herbal medicines for age-related diseases namely Memory Loss, Osteoporosis, Diabetic Wounds, Immune And Liver Disorders, etc. for which no modern medicine or only palliative therapy is available.
  7. 7. WHY DO PEOPLE USE HERBAL MEDICINES? Because it is natural and everybody believe that nature provides solution to good health. Unlike synthetic pharmaceutical medicine herbs are easily absorbed in body and blood stream leaving minimal residual and side effects. In most cases it is based on the recommedation.
  8. 8. PERCEPTION OF NATURAL = SAFE Used in developing countries where cost of drugs is prohibitive, poor accessibility to drugs in rural areas, shortage of physicians.
  9. 9. MULTIPLE TARGETS NEED A COMBO Plant A Plant B Plant C Plant D Plant E Plant F Plant G Plant H Pain, Cartilage Inflammation Oxidative stress Osteoporosis Anabolic CNS Immunomodulato Antistress Bioavailability Lubricant
  10. 10. TRADITIONAL MEDICINE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Earliest recorded use of a medicinal plant has been mentioned in ‘Rigveda’ one mentioned in the modern texts is that of the herb called “Ma huang” a species of Ephedra used medicinally in China for over 5000 years Cinchona was used by local south American tribes long before before the isolation of quinine for treating malaria Source of aspirin was used as pain killer for long time before being identified
  11. 11. TRADITIONAL MEDICINES Middle of 19th century, 80% of all medicines were herbal Even today 25% of drugs are derived from plant source Most of these drugs came from traditional lead, folk knowledge etc. Some of these still could not substituted despite the enormous advancement in synthetic chemistry eg. Reserpine, taxol, vincristine etc.
  12. 12. 15% 33% 40% 25% 25-50% 50-75% 60% 40% >90% 75% >80% 60-70% >80% ~60% 40-70% 60-80% 55% >80% ~50% 70%
  13. 13. HERBAL DRUGS IN INDIA More than 70% of INDIA’S 1.1 billion population is still using non-alopathic . In India,nearly 9,500 registered herbal industries and a multitude of unregistered cottage-level herbal units depend upon the continuous supply of medicinal plants for manufacture of herbal medical formulations based on Indian Systems of Medicine. It is estimated that more than 6,000 plant species forming about 40% of the plant diversity of the country are used in its codified and folk healthcare traditions.
  14. 14. POPULARITY More than 95 % of the population in the least developing countries use herbs for health and other purposes. More than one third of Americans and Europeans use herbs for health purposes, spending over 7.0 billion annually. More than 25 % of modern pharmaceutical drugs have botanical origins.
  15. 15. HOW DO HERBS AND DRUGS DIFFER? Potency Side effects Cost Target
  16. 16. HERBAL  Holistic healing science, ALLOPATHY  System of medical practice , treats comprises of two words, Ayu and disease by the use of remedies Veda. Ayu means life and Veda which produce effects different means knowledge or science. So from those produced by the the literal meaning of the word disease under treatment. Ayurveda is the science of life.  The term ‘allopathy’ was coined in Ayurveda is a science dealing not 1842 by C.F.S. Hahnemann to only with treatment of some designate the usual practice of diseases but is a complete way of medicine (allopathy) as opposed life. to homeopathy, the system of  Ayurveda aims at making a therapy that he founded based on happy, healthy and peaceful the concept that disease can be society. The two most important treated with drugs (in minute aims of Ayurveda are: doses) thought capable of maintain the health of producing the same symptoms in healthy people healthy people as the disease cure the diseases of sick itself. people.
  17. 17. ALLOPATHY OR MODERN MEDICINE Glamorized discipline Pursued by most (influenced and so called ‘Literate’) in India and, in western countries Backed by TECHNOLOGICAL advances - investigations Based on SOUND scientific reasoning – EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE; not anecdotal Thus, Modern Medicine is an EVIDENCE-BASED, techno-savvy science that seems to provide ultimate care to sick patients
  18. 18. ALLOPATHY BUT???? The treatment is often SYMPTOMATIC, COSTLY, OUT OF REACH of most in developing countries Exception for incurable diseases, they do not have much to offer except palliation Treatment of CHRONIC LIFESTYLE DISORDERS like NEURODEGENERATIVE disorders is often very disappointing and limited by adverse events It treats the Disease NOT THE PATIENT ‘AS A WHOLE’ (Holistic approach).
  19. 19. •DELAY IN EFFECTIVE TREATMENT for serious condition. •Interference with vital treatment •Overloading patient with multiple medications •Unexpected rare but serious liver toxicity •Toxic plants used •Interactions with other medicines •Contamination during manufacturing process •Confusion over standards
  20. 20. BE WARE Rule of thumb…Avoid using herbs in infants, children, pregnant women,nursing mothers, patients,daisy allergies, patients on multiple medications Medicines should be prescribed only when they are necessary, and in all cases the benefit of administering the medicine should be considered in relation to the risk involved
  21. 21. QUESTIONS?
  22. 22. Thank you!