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Frank Steinert - Instituto Fraunhofer - Autotram

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Innovación Tecnológica en Buses, IV Congreso SIBRT - Lima 2014, Asociación Latinoamericana de sistemas integrados y brt - SIBRT

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Frank Steinert - Instituto Fraunhofer - Autotram

  1. 1. © Fraunhofer RESEARCH FOR A MOBILE FUTURE © Fraunhofer DRESDEN FRAUNHOFER INSTITUTE FOR TRANSPORTATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS IVI Dr. -Ing. Frank Steinert AutoTram® Extra Grand – the longest and most innovative bus worldwide
  2. 2. © Fraunhofer OVERVIEW  Fraunhofer Gesellschaft  Intermediate transport systems between bus and light rail  AutoTram® Extra Grand
  3. 3. © Fraunhofer Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, the largest organization for applied research in Europe  66 institutes and independent research units  more than 22,000 staff  € 1.9 billion annual research budget totaling two thirds of this sum is generated through contract research on behalf of industry and publicly funded research projects one third is contributed by the German federal and Länder governments in the form of base funding  international cooperation “Fraunhofer lines”
  4. 4. © Fraunhofer Fraunhofer worldwide Representative / Marketing Office Dubai Bangalore Jakarta Beijing Seoul Tokyo Boston Plymouth East LansingSan José Newark Maryland Cairo Ampang Santiago de Chile Singapore Cambridg e Brussels Porto Vienna Bolzano Graz Budapest Wrocław Gothenburg Thessaloniki Sydney Londo n Glasgow Salvador Sendai Paris Subsidiary Center Senior Advisor Project Center / Strategic Cooperation São Paulo Campinas Stellenbosc h
  5. 5. © Fraunhofer Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft total business volume 2008 – 2012 in € million 1614 113 199 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Major infrastructure capital expenditure Defense research Contract research 1657 1617 1401 1926 1849
  6. 6. © Fraunhofer People Resources 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Apprentices Graduands and students (tertiary and secondary) Scientific, technical and administrative staff 15,823 17,907 19,002 20,326 22,093
  7. 7. © Fraunhofer Vehicle technologies in public transport Comparison of costs 100 investment costs [million €/km] 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 operating costs [€/veh/km] conventional bus subway 50 25 10 5 2.5 trolleybus AutoTram® alternative to  Light rail transit (LRT) system  trolleybus supplement to  Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)  conventional bus AutoTram® BRT system people mover LRT system
  8. 8. © Fraunhofer AutoTram® Extra Grand Co-Funded by Project: 03/2009 to 08/2012 Budget: 12 Mill. €
  9. 9. © Fraunhofer AutoTram® Extra Grand Motivation  Fast - growing cities  Collapsing traffic  Increasing air pollution  Scarce resources  Cost pressure  Implementation time Mega cities > 10 Mill. 5-10 Mio. 1-5 Mio. 2005 2025 2005 2025 2005 2025 Europe 1 2 3 3 48 47 Asia 10 16 18 25 182 291 Africa 1 3 2 8 43 73 North America 2 2 4 8 38 44 South America 3 3 4 4 29 40
  10. 10. © Fraunhofer AutoTram® Extra Grand Go4City Bus Family  excellent German bus manufacture Göppel Bus GmbH  modular Go4City bus and train configurations  high capacitive AutoTram® EG  30.5 m long  > 256 passengers  longest and one of the most innovative buses worldwide
  11. 11. © Fraunhofer  multi axle steering system  new articulation systems  manoeuvrability like a 12-meter bus  hybrid propulsion system  Diesel-electrical  Dual energy storages  partial emission free  8 km zero-emission operation  reduced Life Cycle Costs 30 … 50 % compared to light rail systems Highlights AutoTram® Extra Grand
  12. 12. © Fraunhofer segm. 3 2 1 axle 5 4 3 2 1 axle type indipendent, high floor independent, low floor independent, low floor twin tyres axle, low floor independent, low floor axle load 9 t 7,5 t 7,5 t 13 t 7,5 t steering type electro- hydraulic electro-hydraulic electro-hydraulic - mechanical machine synchronous - - synchronous - AutoTram® Extra Grand Vehicle concept 30,730 m
  13. 13. © Fraunhofer AutoTram® Extra Grand Articulation systems by HÜBNER 1050 1600 HNKG 100 Articulating angle: ± 54° Pitch angle (1 axis): ± 10° Roll angle: ± 2° Articulating angle: ± 54° Pitch angle (2 axes): ± 10° Roll angle: ± 2° New double pitch articulated joint + +
  14. 14. © Fraunhofer AutoTram® Extra Grand Steering system  turning circle < 25 m  minimized lateral offset  algorithm solving in real-time  speed-dependent  reverse driving possible  high reliability & availability  approved for public transport
  15. 15. © Fraunhofer  Diesel-electric hybrid propulsion system  all-electric operation by means of Li- ion batteries  range extender for charging processes during operation AutoTram® Extra Grand Advantages
  16. 16. © Fraunhofer AutoTram® Extra Grand Dual energy storage 50 0 Speed[km/h] 1 km Acceleration Deceleration Lithium-Ion battery Ultracapacitors Cells Energy [kWh] Power [kW] 264 35 120 96 0,94 420 Distance Emission free driving range: approx. 5 – 8 km Constant speed
  17. 17. © Fraunhofer AutoTram® Extra Grand Testing
  18. 18. © Fraunhofer AutoTram® Extra Grand Reversing into a parking space
  19. 19. © Fraunhofer AutoTram® Extra Grand Awards German High Tech Champion 2012 in „Sustainable Transportation“ 5 March 2012 New Dehli
  20. 20. © Fraunhofer AutoTram® Extra Grand Presentations 22 August 2012 Dresden 19 – 27 September 2012 IAA Hannover
  21. 21. © Fraunhofer AutoTram® Extra Grand Basic configuration Hybrid configuration  BRT application  Diesel-electric / gas electric propulsion  High floor  series hybrid propulsion with  SuperCaps  Small Li-Ion-Battery for 5 to 8 km electrical range comparable to the German configuration
  22. 22. © Fraunhofer AutoTram® Extra Grand Advanced electric configuration  BRT application  High floor  Series hybrid propulsion with  SuperCaps  Big Li-Ion Battery for an electrical Range of 30 to 50 km
  23. 23. © Fraunhofer Thank you ! More information www.autotram.info www.autotram.net

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