Research Proposal for MAKAIAS, Kolkata ,2013COMMUNAL VIOLENCE IN ASSAM A THREATE TO CO EXISTENCE INNORTH -EAST ITS CAUSEES AND EFFECTS: A CASE STUDY OFKOKORAJHAR, DHUBRI, AND CHIRANG DISTRICTS OF ASSAM. Gagan Nepal & Shiba Bhue1-IntroductionPeep to the past- Despite several movements taken place in Assam it has beenregarded as a peaceful state of North – East India. It has multi-lingual and multi-cultural society where the people of different caste, culture, religion andcommunity live together. There are many tribal and semi-tribal societies in thisstate. The Assamese society has a secular nature having different religions in thestate with communal harmony. Though a large number of Muslim people live inAssam there was no experience of communal violence in the state except Nelliemassacre in Nagaon district where 3000 people were killed during AssamMovement. Assam experiences communal violence in 2012 when violentoutburst of conflict between indigenous Bodo Community and Bengali speakingMuslim people increased ethnic tension in lower Assam especially in KokrajharChirang and Dhubari districts of the state. In July 2012 two communities of Assam were in conflict in lower part ofthe state. The ethnic communal clashes between Bodo and immigrant groupsconverted into communal violence which broke out with riots between thesepeople. The first incident was reported had been taken place on 20th July 2012.In the month of August the violence was so terrific that over 70 people werekilled and four lacks people have to be sheltered in different relief camps. Over400 villages were affected and many people have been missing for many days. The flow of speeches started from the both sides to clarify theirstands. The Bodo leaders blamed the illegal migration from Bangladesh for theincident while Muslim leaders blamed the government for being failure toprotect and preserve the right and property of Indian citizens who belong toMuslim religion. The political leaders got an issue to visit Assam for theirpersonal party benefits. The State Government expressed its helplessness to stopthe riots and criticized the Central Government for not providing enoughsupport to control the situation.
2- Aim and Objective of study: Aim of the research is to have a comprehensive study over the problem itscauses and effect to Assam as well as to rest north east states in particular andIndia in general. 1- To solve the communal violence aroused in Assam. 2- This study wants to facilitate the government as well as the non- governmental organizations to find out the problems of the state. 3- These studies also facilitate to promote mutual understanding among the people. 4- Helpful to find the bone of contention and prevent such incident at very outset. 5- This Study will be helpful to ensure economic development of the state by removing social contradiction.3-Scope and Limitation of the Study: The scope of the study is very comprehensive. It includes the political,economic and social and problems of modern Assam. It studies the question ofBodoland, migration in Assam from Bangladesh and increasing problems ofindigenous Assamese people and the threat to the identity of them. It has several limitations also. The study is geographically limited toKokrajhar, Chirang and Dhubri districts of Assam and time limit.4-Literature Review: 1- Miri Sujata (2011) (http://dspace.nehu.ac.in/handle/1/4584) In book “Communalism in Assam: A civilizational approach” discussed the history of Assam and about tribal people their culture, religion and history. Stated about the communal problem, disintegration rising violence in the state. 2- Engineer Asgharali (1990) in book “Communal riots in post- independence india” discussed about communal violence of different parts of India like Tamilnadu, Gujarat, J&K. and vividly mentioned about communalism, challenged to plurality and its remedial measure. 3- Chaube Shibani Kinkar (1999) In the book Hill politics in North East India discussed about the Naga Politics, Mizo politics and
importance of North east its basic autonomy, conflict of power, transfer of power sixth schedule etc. 4- Hussain Monirul (2000)( http://www.jstor.org/stable/4410084) in his book “State identity Movement and internal displacement in North East” commented on internal displacement and shared home land of many religion, community and ethnic groups.5- Hypothesis:1-If the Central and states government would have to implemented the AssamAccord (Accord for settlement of Bangladeshi Migration in 1985).2- If some administrative measures should be taken like border -patrollingborder –fencing etc. on the border of India and Bangladesh should have positivemind to stop the illegal flow of Bangladeshis ignoring their party interests.3-Vested interest of political parties, to miss-guide the common people toacquire power, Imbalance the communal harmony etc. Are also factorscontributing for riots.6- Time Duration: This study includes many aspects of practical necessitiesthat are why it shall take near about 2 years for field study, Libraries-ArchivesVisit etc.7-Expected outcome of the study: 1- This study will find out the bone of contention and solution of the alarming problems. 2- This study will find out the variables the cause which leads towards the communal imbalance. 3- This study facilitated the Governmental Mechanism for decision making, policy formulation and settlement of such issues permanently. 4- This study will helpful in finding out migration problem, socioeconomic stability issues and helpful in fostering fraternity. ………………………………………………….