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In the Roman Empire in Rome. It is 80 CE. You are the
child of a rich Roman land owner. You get to go to the
“Games” for all of the 100 days of the inaugural games.
In front of you stands the Flavian Amphitheater, known
now as the Colosseum. Hoards of people are standing
around you as they approach the 76 public entrances.
Rumor says that the Emperor Titus will slaughter 9000
animals.
It is an amphitheater. An amphitheater is an oval
building usually made to have sporting events. The
Colosseum was the biggest amphitheater the Roman
Empire.
Types of Roman Columns
Doric Columns - Simplest Style of
Columns
• Characteristics: Heavy fluted columns,
plain, saucer-shaped capitals and base.
• Consists of a cushion-like convex moulding
known as "echinus" and square slab known
as "abacus."
• Able to support more load.
Ionic Style - Columns with Spiral Scrolls
• Invented by the Asiatic Greeks.
• More graceful than the Doric style.
• The capital is more ornamented compare to
the Doric.
Corinthian Columns - Most Decorated
Style of Columns
• Exhibits a greater refinement and elegance.
• Characteristics: Slender fluted columns,
almost bell shaped capital decorated with
acanthus leaves, consists a more
ornamented entablature.
• The half columns of the Corinthian order
framed the arches of third level of the
Colosseum.
Designed for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles.
The public spectacles that held in the Colosseum:
• For example, re-enactments of famous battles and dramas
based on Classical mythology, animal hunts and executions.
• Animal hunt (Venatio) is one of the most popular types of show.
• Most of the animals were imported from Africa.
• The last recorded games were held there in the 6th century.
• Also use to celebrate their victories in battles by organized
huge shows.
• Sometimes, it use for public executions.
• The condemned person was killed in a way inspired by the
mythology (either eaten by beasts or burned to death).
During the medieval times:
• The Colosseum was abandoned and lost its greatness.
• It became a fortress for the medieval clans of the city.
• It also became a source of building materials.
• Used as a place of Christian worship and scenery for painters.
The Colosseum today:
• As an archaeological site.
• As a place for touristic.
• The size of Colosseum: Length: 660 Roman feet (around 29.6cm)
Wide : 540 Roman feet
• Both Capua and the Colosseum had 80 entrance arches, Verona
and Puteoli.
• The arches filled with painted statues of emperors and gods.
• The size of the entrance arches in grand amphitheatres:
- Wide: 20 Roman feet + 3 Roman feet (extra for the columns in
between)
- The adjusted size of arena: 280 x 168
- The height of the two middle stories = 2 x The inter-columnar width.
- The horizontal gap between the piers = The vertical height from
pier to the springing of the arch.
• The framing of the arches:
- Consists a series of squares and principles of number.
- Provide a harmonious rhythm to the viewer in the facade.
• The exterior of the Colosseum:
- Created by three storeys of superimposed arches with engaged
columns.
- The fourth higher blind storey: Punctuated by pilasters, decorated
with Corinthian capitals.
- Small rectangular windows located between the pilasters.
- Above and between the windows there are stone socle (plinths).
• The two grand entrances:
- Used by the emperor, official presenters of shows and grandees.
- Marked by giant porticoes.
- Topped by a gilded horse-drawn chariot.
Group Member: Liew Poh Ka (0320424)
Lee Shze Hwa (0320053)
Ng Huoy Miin (0319097)
Structural
UseOfColosseum
SeatIng
Movement
Maenianum Summun In Ligneis
Maenianum Secundum Summun
Maenianum Secundum Imum
Maenianum Primum
Podium
IntroductionDesignOfColosseum

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scientific-poster 3.pdf

  • 1. In the Roman Empire in Rome. It is 80 CE. You are the child of a rich Roman land owner. You get to go to the “Games” for all of the 100 days of the inaugural games. In front of you stands the Flavian Amphitheater, known now as the Colosseum. Hoards of people are standing around you as they approach the 76 public entrances. Rumor says that the Emperor Titus will slaughter 9000 animals. It is an amphitheater. An amphitheater is an oval building usually made to have sporting events. The Colosseum was the biggest amphitheater the Roman Empire. Types of Roman Columns Doric Columns - Simplest Style of Columns • Characteristics: Heavy fluted columns, plain, saucer-shaped capitals and base. • Consists of a cushion-like convex moulding known as "echinus" and square slab known as "abacus." • Able to support more load. Ionic Style - Columns with Spiral Scrolls • Invented by the Asiatic Greeks. • More graceful than the Doric style. • The capital is more ornamented compare to the Doric. Corinthian Columns - Most Decorated Style of Columns • Exhibits a greater refinement and elegance. • Characteristics: Slender fluted columns, almost bell shaped capital decorated with acanthus leaves, consists a more ornamented entablature. • The half columns of the Corinthian order framed the arches of third level of the Colosseum. Designed for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles. The public spectacles that held in the Colosseum: • For example, re-enactments of famous battles and dramas based on Classical mythology, animal hunts and executions. • Animal hunt (Venatio) is one of the most popular types of show. • Most of the animals were imported from Africa. • The last recorded games were held there in the 6th century. • Also use to celebrate their victories in battles by organized huge shows. • Sometimes, it use for public executions. • The condemned person was killed in a way inspired by the mythology (either eaten by beasts or burned to death). During the medieval times: • The Colosseum was abandoned and lost its greatness. • It became a fortress for the medieval clans of the city. • It also became a source of building materials. • Used as a place of Christian worship and scenery for painters. The Colosseum today: • As an archaeological site. • As a place for touristic. • The size of Colosseum: Length: 660 Roman feet (around 29.6cm) Wide : 540 Roman feet • Both Capua and the Colosseum had 80 entrance arches, Verona and Puteoli. • The arches filled with painted statues of emperors and gods. • The size of the entrance arches in grand amphitheatres: - Wide: 20 Roman feet + 3 Roman feet (extra for the columns in between) - The adjusted size of arena: 280 x 168 - The height of the two middle stories = 2 x The inter-columnar width. - The horizontal gap between the piers = The vertical height from pier to the springing of the arch. • The framing of the arches: - Consists a series of squares and principles of number. - Provide a harmonious rhythm to the viewer in the facade. • The exterior of the Colosseum: - Created by three storeys of superimposed arches with engaged columns. - The fourth higher blind storey: Punctuated by pilasters, decorated with Corinthian capitals. - Small rectangular windows located between the pilasters. - Above and between the windows there are stone socle (plinths). • The two grand entrances: - Used by the emperor, official presenters of shows and grandees. - Marked by giant porticoes. - Topped by a gilded horse-drawn chariot. Group Member: Liew Poh Ka (0320424) Lee Shze Hwa (0320053) Ng Huoy Miin (0319097) Structural UseOfColosseum SeatIng Movement Maenianum Summun In Ligneis Maenianum Secundum Summun Maenianum Secundum Imum Maenianum Primum Podium IntroductionDesignOfColosseum