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Growth & devpt


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Growth & devpt

  1. 1. Growth and Development
  2. 2. Meaning – Growth & Development <ul><li>The process by which a germinating seed or conceived organism is turned into the mature plant or full-fledged being are collectively termed growth and development. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Meaning - Growth <ul><li>It generally refers to increase in size, length, height and weight </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in the quantitative aspects, which could be objectively observed and measured. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics of Growth <ul><li>It refers to increase caused by becoming larger and heavier. </li></ul><ul><li>It is qualitative, additive and augmental. </li></ul><ul><li>It is objectively observable and measureable. </li></ul><ul><li>Growth does not continue throughout life. </li></ul><ul><li>Growth may or may not bring development. </li></ul><ul><li>Rate of growth is not uniform. </li></ul><ul><li>Individual differences among children is due to growth. </li></ul><ul><li>The rate of growth of different parts of the body is different. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Meaning - Development <ul><li>It implies overall changes in shape, form or structure resulting in improved working or functioning. </li></ul><ul><li>It indicates the changes in the quality or characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the result of growth, maturation and learning. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Characteristics of Development <ul><li>It occurs in an orderly, predictable pattern as a result of maturation and experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Development is continuous in all areas of mental activity. </li></ul><ul><li>The goal of development is to adapt to the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a complex process of integrating many structures and functions. </li></ul><ul><li>It contains many aspects (physical, emotional, intellectual, social and moral) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cont………. <ul><li>It is not uniform throughout the life span of an individual. (It is spiral and not linear) </li></ul><ul><li>Development is influenced by maturation and learning. </li></ul><ul><li>It is very much related to one’s environment. </li></ul><ul><li>It is based on modeling the parents, teachers and other elder members. </li></ul><ul><li>It is qualitative and hence cannot be measured directly. </li></ul><ul><li>Development is possible even without growth. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Difference between growth and development S. No Growth Development 1 Qualitative Quantitative 2 Objectively observed & measured It cannot be measured. 3 It does not continue throughout life span. Stops after maturation. It is continuous in all areas of mental activity. 4 It is one aspect of development. It is complex and many sided. 5 It occurs in different parts. changes in the organisms. 6 It is not directional. It is progressive and sequential. 7 It is not uniform in all the parts. Rate of development is not uniform. 8 Individual differences exist. Children differs in the level of devp. 9 It is not affected by learning. Learning & experience affects. 10 Growth may or not lead to development. Development is integrative. Devp in one aspects promotes the devp in other aspects.
  9. 9. Principles of growth and development <ul><li>Principle of continuity. </li></ul><ul><li>Principle of individual differences. </li></ul><ul><li>Rate of growth & development is not uniform. </li></ul><ul><li>Uniformity of pattern. </li></ul><ul><li>Development proceeds from general to specific. </li></ul><ul><li>Principle of integration. </li></ul><ul><li>Principle of inter-relation. </li></ul><ul><li>Development is predictable. </li></ul><ul><li>Growth and development are a joint product of both heredity and environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Growth proceeds from head to trunk, centre to extremities. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Principle of continuity. <ul><li>Development is continuous. </li></ul><ul><li>An individual starts his life as a tiny cell and develops his body, mind and other aspects of his personality. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Meaning of maturation <ul><li>Maturation is a natural process. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a growth which takes place within the individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Maturation involves changes that are associated with normal growth. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Learning <ul><li>It is a change in the behavioral pattern which is not heralded by his genetic inheritance. </li></ul><ul><li>It takes place as a result of stimuli from outside. </li></ul><ul><li>It always produced through some activity, training or experience. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Relationship between maturation, learning and development
  14. 14. Aspects of human development <ul><li>Physical development </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual or mental development </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional development </li></ul><ul><li>Moral or character development </li></ul><ul><li>Social development </li></ul>