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Presentation2

  1. 1. Birth Control
  2. 2. Introduction to Birth Control <ul><li>The dictionary defines birth control as &quot;a regimen of one or more actions, devices, or medications followed in order to deliberately prevent or reduce the likelihood of a woman becoming pregnant.&quot; Birth control has become imperative in today's world, due to the global rise in population, need for family planning and also to safeguard oneself from unwanted pregnancy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Various Methods of Birth Control <ul><li>Withdrawal method </li></ul><ul><li>coitus interruptus </li></ul>
  4. 4. Barrier Methods <ul><li>condom </li></ul><ul><li>Although the word &quot;condom&quot; usually refers to the male condom, there is also a female condom. Both male and female condoms are barrier methods of contraception. </li></ul><ul><li>Diaphragm </li></ul><ul><li>A barrier method of contraception that is available by prescription only and must be sized by a health professional to achieve a proper fit. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>cervical cap </li></ul><ul><li>A soft rubber cup with a round rim designed to fit snugly around the cervix and act as a barrier contraceptive device. A spermicide is applied to the cap before insertion to kill sperm. Basically a small snug diaphragm and, like a diaphragm, a cervical cap must be sized by a health professional and is available by prescription only. Protects against conception for 48 hours and for multiple acts of intercourse within that time. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Advantages and Disadvantages
  7. 7. Adavantages <ul><li>Highly effective reversible contraception. </li></ul><ul><li>Menstrual cycle regulation. </li></ul><ul><li>Protection against pelvic inflammatory disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the risk of ovarian cysts. </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease risk of iron deficiency (anemia). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Disadvantages <ul><li>Heart attack. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Migraines and stroke. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood clots (Venous thromboembolism). </li></ul><ul><li>Breakthrough bleeding or spotting. </li></ul>

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