Autonomous work group- work is made responsible to carry out all the activity assigned and they are accountable to management or superiors. Each group plan, organize and direct the activities on its own. It formulate its objective of its own. A leader is appointed for each group through election. Industrial democracy- Socio-technical system--- there are 3 approach for organization i.e., social system, technical system, socio-technical. Social system deals with designing organisation based on social principle, technical system deals with engineering approach, but socio-technical is combined approach for organization design.
Worker s participation in management
Collaboration Meaning The dictionary meaning of collaboration is working with someone to produce or create something. It means taking decision/ implementing relating to various organization issues jointly by the manager and worker’s.
Objective To prevent worker exploitation Growth of the company economy through democratic process To resolve the conflicts between workers and management Sharing information about collective bargaining process
Meaning of WPMWPM is a system of communication andconsultation, either formal or informal, bywhich employees of an organization arekept informed about the affairs of anundertaking and through which theyexpress their opinion and contribute tomgt decisions.
Objectives of WPM Increasing productivity for the general benefit of the enterprise, the employees and the community; Giving employees a better understanding of their role in the working of the industry & of the production process; and Satisfying the worker’s urge for self- expression, thus leading to industrial peace, better relations and increased co- operation.
Forms of WPM Informative & associative participation Consultative participation Administrative participation Decision participation
Participative forums in India Works committees; Joint mgt. Councils; Joint councils; Unit councils; Plant councils; Shop councils; Workers’ representative on the board of mgt; and Workers’ participation in share capital.
Conditions necessary for effectiveworking of the scheme Congenial work environment Well defined roles Faith in the efficacy of the scheme Wide publicity Should be evolutionary Free flow of information throughout the enterprise Should be based on mutual trust Decisions taken by different participatory forums must be sincerely carried out in the stipulated time
Reasons for failure of WPM Ideological differences between the employer and the employees regarding the degree of participation. Failure to imbibe the spirit of participation by the parties Multiplicity of participative forums Lack of strong trade unionism Unhappy IR Illiteracy of workers Non co-operative attitude of the working class Delays in the implementation of the decisions of the participative bodies