Life on the edge balancing the needs of nature and people


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Poster presented in a postgraduate symposium, at University of Leicester

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Life on the edge balancing the needs of nature and people

  1. 1. Life on the Edge: balancing the needs of nature and people in the remote western HimalayasSummary: People derive essential goods from nature, yet linkages between Shujaul M Khan1*, David Harper1, Sue Page2, Habib Ahmad3biodiversity, ecosystem services and human well-being are poorly understood. 1Department of Biology University of Leicester, UKMountain ecosystems support high plant Biodiversity and are home to ~12% 2Department of Geography University of Leicester, UK 3Department of Genetics Hazara University, Pakistanof the world’s population, many of whom employ traditional ecological *, shuja60@gmail.comknowledge to exploit these resources. Our researchaim to improve knowledge of the floristic We focused on (i) vegetation classification;diversity and vegetation Ecosystem Services (ii) vegetation ecosystem servicesin one remote Western Himalayan valued by local communities; andvalley, the Naran, in Pakistan. (iii) anthropogenic impacts on plants Fritillaria roylei Diuretic & emollient Paeonia emodi Primula denticulata Backache & UTI Ophthalmia Critically Endangered Endangered Polygonatum spp Bistorta amplexicaulis Stimulate lactation mouth inflammation Grazing livestock Fodder Grass Endemic Dactylorhiza spp Medicinal Podophyllum spp Aphrodisiac Anti-cancer Poa annua & Poa alpina Ecosystem Services Vicia bakeri Best grasses for sheep Alpine pastures above tree line provided by Vegetation of Fodder sps at lower altitudes Fodder & grazing sps Places for feeding livestock Forage for livestock Vulnerable Timber Food Rheum australe Abies pindrow Tonic as a food Best timber wood Caltha alba Eremurus himamaicus Abies, Pinus & Cedrus sps Pinus wallichiana Pot herb as digestive Young shoots as vegetable Timber, fuel & other uses Timber & fuel wood Naran Valley, North-Western Endangered Himalaya, Pakistan Aesthetic Rearing honey bees Bundle of fuel wood Betula , Salix & Juniperus spss Abies, Pinus & Cedrus spss Paper and thatching Fuel & variety of uses Glaciers and Lofty peaks sceneries Mountaineering Lalazar a picnic spot Sky Diving, Ice Skiing Bergenia strachyei Pinus & Abies sps Honey bee plant, and recreation Accumulation of wood Aesculus & Prunus sps Abies pindrow, for severe winter Also medicinal Agricultural tools DBH measurement Hotels near NaranWe classified plant communities and identified The study provides understanding ofthe most important vegetation-environment Lake Lulusar, Lake Saifal Malook, traditional ecological knowledge amongst Originating point of Near Naran village,relationships. We calculated Important Values river Kunhar & the Famous picnic spot people and identifies priorities for plant& Use Values for each plant species in the field. Naran Valley Hotels near Naran village in the country conservation. (North Facing Slope) Aspect (North Facing Slope) Depth Soil Depth Altitude at sea level ) Altitude at sea level ) 1. Species present above the regression line are under Grazing Pressure Grazing Pressure risk due to tremendous anthropogenic pressure 2. Underlined species refer to the respective communities Aspect (South Facing Slope) shown in Figs 1 & 2. 3200 m 3600 m 4000 m 2400 m 2800 m 2400 m 3200 m 3600 m 4000 m 2800 mFigure 1. Figure 2. Figure 3.Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) diagram Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) diagram Relationship between Important Values (IV) and Useshowing distribution of 5 plant communities among 144 showing distribution of 198 plant species among 5 plant Values (UV) of plant species and prediction for the futurestations in relation to various environmental factors communities and their environmental gradient from the high use value (Anthropogenic pressure)