Prose or verse telling a story
intended for representation
by actors through dialogue
Script : printed copy of a play.
Acts : the major sections of a play.
Playwright : person who writes plays.
Scene : small section or portion of a play.
Actor: male performer
Actress: female performer
Cast: all performers selected to
Director: instructs actors on how to
A building where a play is performed
containing the stage and seating area
for the audience.
Areas of the Stage
Backstage: area behind scenery not visible
Center stage: area in the center of the
Downstage: area closest to the audience.
Stage left/right: area to actor’s left or
right as he/she faces the audience.
Upstage: area furthest away from the
Backdrop: painted curtain without
Set: all sets and props that help define the
Flats: canvas-covered wooden frames used
Center Stage Stage LeftStage Right
Cue: something that precedes the next
Cut: to stop the action.
Exit: to leave the stage.
Elements of Drama
Plot: the main storyline
Theme: the basic idea of the play
Character: person, animal or thing in the
Language: formal setting or dialect
Spectacle: visuals involved on stage
Dialogue: conversation between two or
Monologue: one person speaking
Costumes: clothing worn by an actor
on stage to help represent characters.
Props: items used on stage to help
actors tell a story
Improvisation: to make up or perform
Pantomime: to communicate without
speaking using only facial and body
Mimicry: to copy or imitate something
Role Playing : to take on the
characteristics of someone or something.
A HISTORY OF DRAMA
Drama began in
ancient Greece dating
back to 543 B.C.
It started as choral
dancing and singing
honoring the Greek
god, Dionysus, the
god of wine.
The Greeks held their dramas in outdoor
theaters called amphitheaters, the largest
seating 14,000 people.
Types of Greek Drama
Tragedy: character is confronted with a
difficult moral choice and usually ends in
his or her death.
Comedy: a humorous entertaining
performance with a happy ending.
In Greek drama, the actors all wore masks
to help the audience recognize the
character they were playing.
Theater of Dionysos