Negative Impacts of Nuclear Power

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Negative Impacts of Nuclear Power

  1. 1. Nuclear Power - Negative Impacts Shubha Brota Raha Snigdha Smitahasini (EMBA 2011-13)
  2. 2. Nuclear Reaction
  3. 3. Nuclear Energy
  4. 4. Negative Impact at each Stage Uranium Mining – Fuel Enrichment – DU radiation/mill tailings/waste rocks radiation/bombs/penetrators Nuclear Waste – High/Low Power Generation – level radioactive waste meltdowns/accidents
  5. 5. Nuclear Waste Where does it come from?  How does it get to us? High Level Waste Low Level Waste
  6. 6. Nuclear Radiations
  7. 7. Nuclear Accidents  April 1986 - Explosion at Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant  31 people died in the immediate aftermath of the explosion  Released radiation over much of Europe  An area of 1,00,000 Sq KM is uninhabitable for 20,000 years ….FOREVER  March 1979 - A partial reactor meltdown at this Pennsylvania power plant caused a release of radioactive material  March 2011 – Fukushima & Daiichi Power plant ,Japan  Emergency cooling systems at the plant started to fail after a massive quake and tsunami  Around 1,00,000 people evacuated from 20 Km radius area
  8. 8. Nuclear Power Plants in India  Existing Plants  Naora , UP – 440 MW  Rawatbhata , Rajasthan - 2580 MW  Kakrapur , Gujarat – 1840 MW Tarapur , Maharashtra – 1400 MW Kaiga , Karnataka – 880 MW Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu – 940 MW  Proposed Plants after Indo-US Nuclear Deal  Jaitapur, Maharashtra – 9900MW  Koodankalam,Tamilnadu-9200 MW Mithi Virdi,Gujarat-8000MW Kumhariya, Hariyana – 2800 MW  Bargi,MP – 1400 MW  Haripur,WB – 10,000MW Kovvada,AP – 8000MW Approximate Impact Area in case of Nuclear accident - Entire India
  9. 9. Is it worth having NPP?
  10. 10. Contd..
  11. 11. Move to safe alternates of Energy source  Improving existing energy efficiency  India can save 30 to 40 % of its electricity deficit by simple conservation techniques Decentralizing electricity generation to reduce long distance transmission line losses  Use of Renewable sources – cheap ,unlimited , safe but un-researched  India’s Energy scenario : Installed capacity – 1,75,000 MW Energy requirement - 8,00,000 MW  Projected energy by all nuclear plants – 60,000MW (~ 10% of the deficit)  Potential from wind – 1,00,000 MW & from Solar energy – 4,00,000 MW
  12. 12. Jago Re !!!

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