CASE STUDY : PROJECT ARAVALLI
“ Aravalli” literally means “wall of stones or rocks”.
The width of the Aravalli hill system varies from 10–100 kms and its height
between 300-900 metres.
REASONS FOR DEFORESTRATION
about 50 years ago, the Aravalli and adjoining areas
were thickly forested and home to a variety of animals
large-scale felling of trees as also the
sudden increase in population and livestock led to
significant loss of forest cover.
areas of forests were cleared for agriculture, and
grazing pressures did not allow the remaining forests to
survive and regenerate.
This, in turn, led to water scarcity, falling water table,
soil erosion and floods and overall degradation of the
ARAVALI BEFORE THE PROJECT
In Haryana, most of the land in the Aravalli region belonged to the
community as a result of certain legislation in the 1930s, subse-quently
amended in 1972. Therefore, in 1990, a project was launched in five districts
of Haryana to restore/regenerate the ecosystem, and a Project Authority was
This project cover 10 districts of Rajasthan viz. Alwar, Sikar, Jhunjhunu,
Nagaur, Jaipur (Including Dausa) Pali, Sirohi, Udaipur, Chittorgarh
and Bansware. The total cost of project is Rs. 288.86 crores.
The OECF assisted Aravalli Afforestation Project started in the year 1992
and the financial outlay was of Rs. 176.69 crores (8095 million Yen). The
Project period was five years, i.e. 1992-97. The project period was extended
up to March 2000.
check desertification and to restore the ecological
status of the Aravallis by intensive reforestation.
meet the fuelwood, tree fodder, grass, timber, fruit and
minor forest products.
check soil erosion and thereby improve infiltration of
water and hydrological balance.
provide employment to the rural / tribal population and
thereby improve their socio-economic condition.
improve the habitat for the animal population in the
wild life sanctuaries
VILLAGE FOREST COMMITTEE
9-13 members were constituted, with the
Sarpanch as chairman and a Forest Dept. official
was mandatory to have at least 3 local women
and representatives of SC/STs on each VFC, who
were responsible for drawing up plans
for the project.
About 10.5 million seedlings were raised by 207
“Mahila nurseries” for which over Rs. 55 lakhs were
paid by the project.
To encourage savings, women were helped to open
accounts in banks and post offices; since 1993, about
3400 such accounts have been opened.
VFCs were paid cash incentives to take care of the
project areas and to sustain the interest of the
villagers; so far Rs. 41 lakhs have been
disbursed to 184 VFCs by way of incentives.
STALL FEEDING OF LIVESTOCK
Instead of open grazing, stall feeding of livestock would be followed
Instead of keeping smaller animals like goats and sheep, farmers would
switch to larger animals like buffaloes
To stall-feed the livestock, large quantities of fodder would be required.
Hence different types of grasses and legumes were sown in the open areas
between saplings in the plantation areas.
Initially, grass seeds were procured from the market; later villagers were
encouraged to harvest grass seeds from community lands for purchase by
the project authorities.
Within two years, the fodder availability increased substantially and the
villagers were encouraged to raise the size of their livestock population.