Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Shreya work


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Shreya work

  2. 2. CONTENT• Introduction• Materials and Method• Result & Discussion• Conclusion• References
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION• L-glutaminase is an amidohydrolase which catalyses the hydrolytical deamination of L-glutamine resulting in the production of L-glutamic acid and ammonia. L-Glutaminases are ubiquitous in the biological world and organisms ranging from bacteria to human beings have the enzyme. L- Glutaminase has a central role in mammalian tissues .• A parallel interest on microbial L-glutaminases stemmed from its applications in food flavouring, especially in the soy sauce and related industries of the orient, which initiated the quest for industrial sources of the enzyme. With the development of biotechnology, microbial L- glutaminases found newer applications in clinical analysis and even in manufacture of metabolites.
  4. 4. MICROBIAL SOURCES OF L-GLUTAMINASE Actinetobacter T Holchenberg, 1985 glutaminisificans Bacillus T Cook et al., 1981 licheniformis Erwinia T Wade et al., 1971 cartowora Microccus luteus M Moriguchi et al., 1994 Pseudomonas 7A T Sabu, 2000a Vibrio costicola M Nagendraprabhu and Chandrasekaran, 1996
  5. 5. FUNGI T= TerrestriaActinomucor T Chou et al., 1993elegansActinomonas T Chou et al., 1993;taiwanensis Lu et al., 1996Aspergillus T Jones and Lovitt,awamori 1995Aspergillus T Choi et al.,1991;oryzae Yano et al., 1991; Sabu, 2000aAspergillus sojae T Ushijima et al., 1987
  6. 6. YEAST T= TerrestrialCandida sp T Sabu, 2000aCandida utilis T Kakinuma et al., 1987Saccaromyces T Abdumalikov et al.,cerevisiae 1967Cryptococcuslaure T Kakinuma et al.,ntii 1987Rhodosporidium T Ramakrishnan andtoruloides Joseph, 1996Torulopsis T Kakinuma et al.,candida 1987
  7. 7. APPLICATION OF L-GLUTAMINASE• Food industry• Used as Biosensors• Manufacture of fine chemicals• For the treatment of Cancer, HIV, etc..• Used as antitumor drugs• Online monitoring of fermentation process
  8. 8. MATERIALS AND METHODS• Different media for isolation of L-glutaminase producer.• There are different media uses for different organism:• For organism from a marine source, the medium composition:• Nutrient Broth (Himedia, India) -13g• NaCI -10g*• L-glutamine -lg.• Distilled water - 1000ml• pH -6• Final NaCI concentration in the medium - 1.5% (w/v)
  9. 9. • For T. Koningii: isolated using wheat bran of 70% initial• moisture content, initial pH 7.0, supplemented with D-glucose (1.0%)• and L-glutamine (2.0% w/v)• Components of MGA (gram/litre) :-include 0.5 Dextrose; 0.5 KCl; 0.5 MgSO4; 1.0 KH2PO4; 0.1 FeSO4; 0.1 ZnSO4; 25 NaCl; 10 Lglutamine; 0. 25 phenol red in which Lglutamine act as carbon and nitrogen source and phenol red act as pH indicator.
  10. 10. CONTI…• For actinomycete strains: Components of MSG medium include (grams/litre) 1.0 KH2Po4; 0.5 MgSo4; 0.1 CaCl2; 0.1 NaNo3; 0.1 tri sodium citrate; 25 NaCl; 10 glucose.• (SWG) Sea water glutamine medium: L-Glutamine 20g D-Glucose10g Aged Sea water 1000, pH 8. medium (Peptone 5g, Yeast extract 1g, Nacl as per 2.45g, Aged Sea water:• Pencillium expansum&Aspergillus wentii;-Modified Czapek Dox’s medium
  11. 11. ISOLATION OF L-GLUTAMINASEPRODUCING MICROORGANISM FROM SOIL • Specific type of organism require the specific growth factor which provide by different enrichment media. Likewise L-glutaminase producer also require specific enrichment media • Eg: Minimal glutamine agar, • Luria broth, • Modified Czapek dox’s medium . • So we are using a Minimal glutamine agar media for isolation of L-glutaminase producer.
  12. 12. 1stday work• Requirements:• 100 ml of Minimal glutamine broth ,250 mlerlenmeyer flask ,different soil sample.• Preparation of enrichment culture:• Take a 100 ml of Minimal glutamine broth in 250 ml erlenmeyer flask and add 10 gm of soil sample and then it incubate at 37˚c for 24-48 h. and perform same procedure for each collected soil sample 250 rpm,.
  13. 13. 2ndday work• Requirements:• Dilution tube, Minimal glutamine agar plate,24-48 h old active culture(enrichment culture).• Procedure:• It involve the double dilution method (10-2,10-4 )• Preparation of 10-2: [Take 5 ml distilled water and 0.05 ml enrichment culture.]• Preparation of 10-4:[Take 5 ml distilled water and 0.05 ml from 10-2.] .• Then make a two Minimal glutamine agar plate of 10-2 and another two plate for 10-4.And spread 0.1 ml from each dilution on their respective Minimal glutamine agar plate for isolation of organism.Then incubate plate at 37˚C for 24-48 hrs.
  14. 14. 3rdday work• After incubation pick single isolated colony from this plate and streak on same agar plate for isolation.And incubate the plate for 24 hrs.and also in nutrient agar plate.
  15. 15. Conti..• 4thday work This colony characteristics show in table.• Then this unknsown organism preserve on nutrient agar and Minimal glutamine agar slant and plate.• 5thday work:• Pick up the isolated colony from this slant and make culture suspention and perform a gram staining from it. and then note down cellular morphology from gram staining.
  16. 16. • 6th day work:• Al l The biochemical test are perform for identification of organism. Examples of biochemical reactions are oxidation, fermentation, hydrolysis and degradation. Products of biochemical reactions cause changes to the medium that you have inoculated the organism with E.g. An acidic product ↓pH of a medium .pH indicator in the medium will exhibit a color change indicating that an exoenzyme is released by bacteria that cause the product to be formed.
  17. 17. Result of isotion of L-Glutaminase producer organismColony MorphologySize SmallShape RoundMargin EvenElevation ConvexSurface SmoothPigment Pale yellowConsistency ViscousTransparency Transparent
  18. 18. Result of Gram’s staining Size Small Shape Rod Gram reaction Negative Organism Short rodFrom performing gram staining the cell show pink incolor and rod in shape and short & long chain so theorganism are gram negative.
  19. 19. BIOCHEMICAL TESTSSr.No TEST RESULT1 Carbohydrate fermentation test- Glucose Acid produce- Sucrose Acid produce- Maltose Acid produce- Mannitol Acid produce- Xylose Acid produce- Arabinose Acid produce Test H2S Gas Slant ButtTSI test Positive Negative Alkaline Acidic
  20. 20. 2 Methyl red test Negative3 Vogas-proskauer’s test Negative4 Citrate utilization test Positive5 Indol production Negative6 Hydrogen sulphide production test Positive7 Decarboxylation [moeller’s] test Positive8 Urea hydrolysis test Positive9 Nitrate reduction test Positive10 Ammonia production test Positive11 Starch hydrolysis test Negative12 Casein hydrolysis test Negative13 Lipid hydrolysis test Positive14 Catalase test Positive15 Dehydrogenase test Negative16 Litmus milk test Positive
  21. 21. PHYSICOCHEMICAL ANALYSISNo Parameter Method Used Result1 Colour Munsell’s chart Brown2 pH pH Meter 7.93 Calcium Rapid Titration method 67mg carbonate4 Organic Walkley and Black’s method 2240 mg/lit carbon5 Phosphorus Fiske and Subbarow’s 0.040g% Method6 Sulfur Spectrophotometric method 0.503g%7 Total hardness EDTA titration method 216.996mg8 Inorganic Micro-Kjeldhal method - nitrogen9 Chloride Mohr’s method 31.24g%
  22. 22. Colony on DCA agar Plate Colony on N agar Plate
  23. 23. CONCLUSION• L- glutaminase producing organism associated with fertile soil were evaluated, characterized, and identified. The organism which produce l-glutaminase enzyme is a Member of Enterobacteriaceae family identified and characterized by performing gram’s staining and different biochemical test.• The organism appear as small, round, pale yellow , smooth and gram negative short rod .• These identities of isolate were based on morphological, cultural, physiological and biochemical characteristics of Enterobacteriaceae family presented in bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology.
  24. 24. CONTI…• By performing all the biochemical test we concluded that the unknown organism is a members of Enterobacteriaceae family beacause VP, MR,Indol test are negative. And also gelatin liquification, Urea hydrolysis , catalase ,ammonia production, nitrate reduction , phenylalanine deamination are positive.• The different minerals also present in soil sample are carbon , nitrogen, inorganic phosphate, sulphate. And also we estimate the gm% of this mineral present in soil sample.• So it can be concluded that the isolate organism is a member of Enterobacteriaceae family.
  25. 25. REFERENCES• Kashyap P, Sabu A, Pandey A, Szakacs G, Soccol CR (2002). Extracellular L-glutaminase production by Zygosaccharomyces rouxii under solid-state fermentation. Proc. Biochem., :307- 312• Klein M, Kaltwasser H, Jahns T (2002). Isolation of a novel, phosphate activated glutaminase from Bacillus pasteurii. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 206: 63–67.• Prabhu GN, Chandrasekaran M (1997). Impact of process parameters on L-glutaminase production by marine Vibrio costicola under solid state fermentation using polystyrene as inert support. Proce Biochemistry.: 285-289.
  26. 26. Thank you