Individual Stressors

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part of my "organizational behaviour" assignment

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Individual Stressors

  1. 1. INDIVIDUAL STRESSORS<br />
  2. 2. ROLE CONFLICT AND AMBIGUITY<br />TYPE A PERSONALITY<br />LOCUS OF CONTROL<br />INDIVIDUAL STRESSORS<br />LEARNED HELPLESSNESS<br />SELF EFFICACY<br />PSYCHOLOGICAL HARDINESS<br />
  3. 3. ROLE CONFLICT AND AMBIGUITY<br />Variety of Roles<br />Balance between various Roles<br />Conflicting demands on an individual<br />Ambiguity: incomplete knowledge or information<br />Lack of proper training<br />Poor communication between hierarchical levels<br />Intentional withholding of information<br />
  4. 4. TYPE A<br /><ul><li>Competitive
  5. 5. Highly involved
  6. 6. Aggressive
  7. 7. Motivated
  8. 8. Ambitious
  9. 9. Time Conscious</li></ul>TYPE B<br />TYPE A CHARACTERISTICS<br /><ul><li>Not very Competitive
  10. 10. Balanced Approach
  11. 11. Relaxed
  12. 12. Confident in Abilities
  13. 13. Less Dedicated
  14. 14. Unable to comprehend the urgency of tasks</li></li></ul><li>LOCUS OF CONTROL<br />INTERNALS<br />EXTERNALS<br />MASTERS OF THEIR OWN DESTINY<br />NO CONTROL OVER THEIR ENVIRON-MENT<br />
  15. 15. LEARNED HELPLESSNESS<br />Martin E. P. Seligman<br />Experiment on Dogs<br />Relationship between FEAR and LEARNING<br />Pavlov’s Conditioning<br />Skinner’s Behaviorism<br />
  16. 16. SELIGMAN’S EXPERIMENT<br />ELECTRIC SHOCK<br />RINGING BELL<br />HAMMOCKED<br />DOG UNABLE TO ESCAPE<br />
  17. 17. SELIGMAN’S EXPERIMENT PART 2<br />RINGING BELL<br />FREE TO ESCAPE<br />DOG DOES NOT TRY TO ESCAPE<br />
  18. 18. SELIGMAN’S EXPERIMENT PART 2<br />ELECTRIC SHOCK<br />FREE TO ESCAPE<br />RINGING BELL<br />LEARNED HELPLESSNESS<br />
  19. 19. SELF - EFFICACY<br />Albert Bandura<br />“the self-perception of how well a person can cope with situations as they arise”<br />Low self-efficacy – those who think they are not capable <br />
  20. 20. PSYCHOLOGICAL HARDINESS<br />Person’s ability to cope with stress<br />HIGH PSYCHOLOGICAL HARDINESS<br />=<br />TREMENDOUS ABILITY TO COPE WITH STRESS<br />Strongly committed to Goals<br />Internal Locus of Control<br />
  21. 21. THANK YOU<br /> - Shradha Diwan, Class of 2010, IBS Kolkata<br />

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