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Palestra - Primavera Árabe

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Esta palestra foi feita para os alunos e alunas do 3º Ano do Colégio Militar de Brasília. Você pode utilizá-la sem problema, desde que cite a fonte.

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Palestra - Primavera Árabe

  1. 1. MOTIVAÇÕES• Longas Ditaduras → políciaspolíticas, uso regular da tortura, faltade liberdade, etc.• Crise Econômica → Avanço doNeoliberalismo, inflação, corrupção ealtíssimas taxas de desemprego.• A questão dos Direitos Humanos →liberdade de expressão, demandas deminorias, nacionalismos, etc.• Avanço dos movimentos religiososfundamentalistas.22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 2
  2. 2. • TUNÍSIA → 17 de dezembro de 2010 →Suicídio do jovem vendedor de frutasMohamed Bouazizi.22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 3
  3. 3. PRIMEIRO DITADOR ACAIR• Zine El Abidine Ben Ali→ 2º presidente daTunísia.• Chegou ao poder em1987, através de umgolpe, e foi derrubadopela Revolução Jasmin.• Fugiu para a ArábiaSaudita com a família→ foi condenado àrevelia.22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 4
  4. 4. • A partir da Tunísia, os protestos seestenderam por outros países do mundoárabe-muçulmano.• Alguns conflitos permanecem até hoje, casoda Síria.22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 5
  5. 5. • No Egito, os protestos começaram em25/01/2011 e se estenderam até o dia11/02. O ditador renunciou e foi preso.22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 6
  6. 6. • O Egito é o maior aliado dos EUA na região→ Hosni Mubarak (1981-2011) e Obama.22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 7
  7. 7. • Praça Tahrir → tradicional local deprotestos e centro da Revolução quederrubou Mubarak. 22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 8
  8. 8. A IMPORTÂNCIAESTRATÉGICA DO EGITO• A economia do país depende doturismo, do petróleo e do Canal de Suez.• Uma das fontes de renda é a remessa dedinheiro dos EUA → garantem acordialidade em relação à Israel.• A eleição de um presidente daIrmandade Muçulmana e o avanço dofundamentalismo islâmico (salafismo)coloca essa aliança em perigo.• Com a derrubada de Mubarak, o Egito foireadmitido na Liga Árabe.22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 9
  9. 9. OUTRAS“REVOLUÇÕES”• Iêmen → Protestos a partir de 3 dejaneiro de 2011 → Ditador Abdullah Salehsegue para o exílio na Arábia Saudita.• Líbia → Fethi Tarbel, ativista de direitoshumanos, é preso → estopim da GuerraCivil (15/02-23/10/2011) → fim à ditadurade Muammar Gaddafi.• Bahrain → Protestos começam em 14 defevereiro → forte repressão do governo eintervenção armada da Arábia Saudita.22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 10
  10. 10. • Muammar Gaddafi (1969-2011), ditador daLíbia, teve um final trágico.22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 11ChargedocartunistaativistabrasileiroCarlosLatuff.
  11. 11. OUTRAS“REVOLUÇÕES”• Síria → Protestos contra o ditadorBashar Al-Assad tem início em13/03/2011 e a guerra civil persiste atéhoje → Assad herdou o poder dopai, ditador por 30 anos, em 2000.• Sudão → 30/01/2011 → Presidente al-Bashir (1989) se comprometa a não secandidatar de novo.• Governantes daArgélia, Marrocos, Kuwait, ArábiaSaudita, Jordânia → promovem pequenasreformas políticas. 22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 12
  12. 12. CYBER ATIVISMO22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 13• Intenso uso dainternet paradivulgarvídeos, fotos, marcarmanifestações, etc.
  13. 13. PRIMAVERA ÁRABE?• Governosjustos, liberdade, inserçãono mundo moderno, paz...Tudo visto de forma muitopositiva. 22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 14• A mídiaocidentalassociou osmovimentosno mundoárabe àPrimavera dosPovos e até àRevoluçãoFrancesa.
  14. 14. • Cartunista brasileiro Carlos Latuff e suavisão positiva da Primavera Árabe.22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 15
  15. 15. • Charge inclui o Irã, que não é paísárabe, nem ditadura, mas exclui a ArábiaSaudita, aliada dos EUA.22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 16• Ditadores emperigo →ChargeOcidentalcelebra o quechama de“Revolução”.
  16. 16. PRIMAVERA ÁRABE?22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 17• Hegemonia dospartidos religiosos.• Rejeição demodelosdemocráticosocidentais.• Novos Governosautoritários.• Assassinato depolíticos deoposição.• Perseguição àsminorias religiosas erisco aos direitosdas mulheres.
  17. 17. REFERÊNCIAS• Página de Carlos Latuff:http://latuffcartoons.wordpress.com• Timeline: The Major Events Of The ArabSpring:http://www.npr.org/2012/01/02/144489844/timeline-the-major-events-of-the-arab-spring• TIMELINE - Arab Spring: a year thatshook the Arab world:http://in.reuters.com/article/2012/01/13/tunisia-revolution-anniversary-idINDEE80C0IT20120113• The Arab Spring: An Obituary:http://frontpagemag.com/2012/bruce-thornton/the-arab-spring-an-obituary/• Poverty in Saudi Arabia (Legendas eminglês): http://youtu.be/SlSBqgW5xx0• Os jovens sauditas realizadores destefilme foram presos:http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/oct/23/feras-boqna-saudi-arabia-poverty22/5/2013Prof.ª Valéria Fernandes 18

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