Adm 0313 14-16_khuller_copy


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Measuring the effectiveness of Shopper Marketing requires collaboration between brand and retailer to exploit the mass of transactional and consumer behavioural data available.

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Adm 0313 14-16_khuller_copy

  1. 1. SH O P P ER MA R KET ING14 Shopper Marketing’s RoI Measuring the effectiveness of Shopper Marketing requires collaboration between brand and retailer to exploit the mass of transactional and consumer behavioural data available, writes OgilvyAction’s Manita Khuller A new norm of protracted of small budgets. And any new movement successful shopper programmes demonstrate economic recession in the meets organisational inertia to change increased brand sales and superior shopper developed markets of the existing behaviour until proven metrics are satisfaction, together with increased sales world combined with volatile deployed. Which is a bit chicken and egg, you and profits for the retailer. Hence, growth consumer demand in developing might say. A total brand investment model is driven by collaboration between brands markets has placed new emphasis on value is something we should see more of in the and retailers towards common goals and not in marketing investment. Every CEO is future that targets the brands’ consumers conflict. seeking greater RoI. Unilever’s CFO has and shoppers – who are often not the same Typically, mass marketing has meant announced a worldwide drive on RoI. Jean- people – through their path to purchase. broadcast media and large-scale brand Marc Huet said: “Our efforts are focused on Historically, brands and retailers have marketing programmes measured by a programme we call ‘Return on Marketing had different and conflicting agendas. macro measures, such as awareness, reach, Investment’.” A frequent refrain, we will hear Unlike brand marketing activities, Shopper frequency and brand equity enhancement. more of as markets and companies struggle Marketing is most effective when done The units of measurement are in millions back to growth. However, sound investment in collaboration with retailers. The best reached, % of total adults aged 18-55 and in Shopper Marketing can help here. Shopper Marketing programmes that benefit so on. Measurement in Shopper Marketing Measurement of marketing investments from scale adoption and implementation have is a major departure from the marketing has always been a challenge. Traditionally, been engineered with retailer strategies and measurement norm. There is a whole new brand marketing has targeted the objectives in mind, not a purely brand focus. framework on what, how and where we consumer masses, and proving direct causal Retailers engage with programmes that drive measure for effectiveness. The DNA of relationships has been difficult, while shoppers to their stores, to spend more and shopper marketing offers great scope for Shopper Marketing, as the newest addition more often than their competitors. measurability. This is because it is to the marketing family of investments, has The metrics of that strategy are very ‘micro-marketing’ not mass, executed much some different challenges, as we explore quantifiable and transparent, sometimes closer to the point of purchase, and within here. disconnected, with brand-centric and often retail. In fact, it is micro-marketing done on a Investment in Shopper Marketing soft measures, such as brand awareness, large scale. Large scale is important if we are programmes is often seen as a ‘rob from equity enhancement or brand market share. to significantly impact the bottom line and Peter to pay Paul’ story. This prevents Shopper Marketing presents an opportunity revenues. If something huge happens in one programmes from achieving a scale that can for a common meeting ground of the two store on one day, it may be amazing, but will deliver real bottom-line impact. As budgets camps and a common measurement. Really hardly impact the overall result for a brand. have typically been held in either a marketing or sales bucket, siphoning off large scale funds from either to invest in other newer FIGURE 1 types of activity programmes gets mixed support – a common casualty of a lack of Short term Long term integration in marketing. A fear of uncharted waters also plays Shopper Attitudinal Shopper Transaction Shopper Behaviour into this, leading to too little and too late in Data Data Data the funding of Shopper Marketing initiatives. Hence, though Shopper Marketing promises much in terms of driving demand at the point of purchase, it often fails to deliver because A DMA P MA RC H 2013
  2. 2. SHOPPER MARKETING 15WHAT TO MEASURE AND HOW FIGURE 2Typically, Shopper Marketing measurementfalls into three buckets and can be short term Measurement Brand objectives Retailer objectivesor longer term (Figure 1). There is a parallelto consumers and brands, where short-term Shopper Units or value sales, Same storebehaviour is measured in units and sales, Transaction + Share of sales uplift,whereas attitudes towards brands are formed Data occasions, share cross-category sales,and measured in the longer term. of total category basket size and Alongside all the consumer behavioural spend, brand loyalty, profit per squareand attitudinal data, market shares, programme RoI footpenetration etc, which marketing teams havetraditionally measured, a complementary setof shopper data points are now available to Shopper Shopping list Trip frequency,those who want to measure their shopper Behaviour inclusion, Shopper aisle penetration,programmes. There is more data available Data consideration, loyalty cardnow that retailers have vast amounts of Shopper penetration andtransaction data through electronic point-of- engagement, engagementsale systems and loyalty cards. Shopper advocacy Shopper Marketing activities generatenew types of data, beyond macro-marketingdata and it needs fresh analytical skills. Linked Shopper Shopping list Shopping listclosely to shopper programme objectives, Attitudinal inclusion, Shopper inclusion, ShopperShopper Marketing success can be assessed Data consideration considerationwith both short-term and long-term benefits. and engagement, and engagement, In the short term, shopper data relates Shopper advocacy Shopper advocacyto one of the following, either units sold,percentage uplift in sales or behaviour data,which measures changes in how shoppersbehave. In the longer term, shopper attitudesand perceptions can be monitored. corresponding objective for a retailer often in their shopping lists, or show more To be meaningful, the measurement of could be same-store sales year on year and engagement at the point of purchase, then itanything has to be closely related to what the increased basket spend. is more likely that they will buy your brand.initial objective is. As Shopper Marketing is Typically, a brand marketing measurement Here, the retailer’s objectives have moreessentially executed in a retail environment, programme would not consider retailers’ in common with the brand, as they seek tomost often not owned by the brand, the same-stores sales impacts or overall deliver greater satisfaction to their shoppersretailer’s objectives need to form part of the basket-spend. But good Shopper Marketing Increasingly, larger organisations havebenchmarks for success. That is, if you want practice usually does. Every comprehensive Shopper Marketing teams, who deviselonger-term sustainable programmes and not Shopper Marketing measurement programme programmes in conjunction with retailersa series of one-offs. should incorporate both brand and retailer and their retail account teams. The shopper Brands and companies who proactively performance measures (Figure 2). marketer would define the initial shopperdevelop win-win programmes with retailers, A new and interesting measure of shopper objectives, both short-term and longer-termsetting a new growth agenda are proven programme success is longer-term ‘share of – aligned with the brand’s larger deliver more longer-term, sustainable wallet’ or total spend on a category or within Often such shopper teams are quite lean andbusiness gains, aside from enhance trading a specific retailer. Measured per shopper as: do not have the resources to do large-scalerelationships with their retailers. Shopper Share of Wallet = spend on a brand data analytics independently. In the spirit of A mutuality of objectives should be anywhere; divided by total spend on the integrated marketing, the shopper analyticalsought, challenging though that is. Usually, brand’s category or segment. It’s a bit like capability can rest anywhere within theShopper Marketing teams, representing the brand market share per individual shopper, data and analytics teams. They can integratebrand’s agenda, do the setting of win-win but a lot harder to measure as the data shopper thinking and success criteriabusiness objectives, working closely with comes from multiple sources. into their analytics set, as this requires athe sales teams who negotiate with retailer Shopper marketers also look to measure somewhat different focus, using differentorganisations. the underlying behaviour that leads to sales kinds of data. Rather than be divisive here, Often, a brand may set its objective increases. So, for example, if shoppers can it pays dividends to build capabilities of theas increased unit sales or value sales, the be influenced to include your brand more overall data team to take on board shopper A DMAP MAR CH 2013
  3. 3. SHOPPER MARKETING16 metrics and data sources. as brands do. The difference being that productivity and business results. Increasingly, Shopper Marketing agency partners retailers want shoppers who are advocates of Shopper Marketing is not just what happens should also be challenged with delivering them (their retail brand); the supplier brand in the store for all categories – especially clearly measurable results on programmes in is the conduit. Though this does not overjoy for categories with long purchase cycles. conjunction with brand leads. The incentive brand custodians, this does not necessarily The rapid acceleration of new digital here is longer-term sustainable agency place brands and retailers at opposite ends, shopping behaviours is impacting brands, partnerships. it just means a broader approach is required, and in some categories over 10% of total not a narrow parochial one. sales (and growing) are anticipated from METHODOLOGIES FOR MEASUREMENT In the US, new ‘single source’ shopper shopper e-commerce. That also means new behaviour measurement methodologies multichannel shopping data and the need Typical data sources for consumer marketing are being worked on which could provide for a seamless brand and shopping look at ad hoc and continuous studies, interesting findings, marrying media experience. The need to look at total likewise shopper data can be found in consumption with purchase behaviour. Very shopper satisfaction and performance, not largely four ways: ad hoc shopper studies: to simplistically, single-source methodologies just online cannibalising offline and vice versa. measure shopper behaviour (often within ‘tag’ each shopper and track the entire Increasingly, shoppers search and plan specific retailers), including eye-tracking path-to-purchase behaviour of each shopper, both offline and online before making their studies; continuous data: through additional linking with media consumption and online/ purchases. Shopper decisions made at the point of purchase are influenced by factors beyond brand and media influences, based on convenience and suitability to consumption occasions and value. Measurement of planning intention and actual behaviour shifts will become increasingly possible and necessary to respond to new shopping needs. This has been completely the case in the recent divergent retail performances in the UK of some big players. One of the winners in the Christmas 2012 retailer league table of performance was the upmarket department store chain, House of Fraser, which recognised and answered to the way shoppers want a seamless experience online and offline. Making shopping easy, but also collection and no-quibble returns at multiple store locations. Other retailers that did not recognise this new online shopper need and behaviours paid the price with business failure, such as electronics chain Comet. The Tesco Online and Waitrose (Ocado) questions added into brand-tracking studies; offline behaviour, right up to the point of success stories in the UK also show that retailer scanning systems or self-scanning; and purchase. These developments are some things are changing rapidly in grocery retailer loyalty cards. way off reaching other countries, but the shopping too, which has traditionally been Different methodologies can be deployed vision for measuring shopper programme more about the physical retail store and depending upon budget, scale and timings of effectiveness is an exciting one. environment. the programmes being measured. A potential There is a compelling argument and hurdle here is that retailers own the sales THE FUTURE urgency to drive Shopper Marketing scanning data. They may be reluctant to measurement before scepticism sets in. share this with suppliers without a cost or “The future is here, just unevenly Clear benefits should be quickly established a good business reason. The key to unlock distributed…” This is certainly true of for Shopper Marketing, as this could vastly the access to the data is often embarking on shopper marketing and its measurement. increase the overall effectiveness of the a mutual growth agenda. Essentially, because There are pockets of expertise, but many totality of brand marketing efforts. there is more common ground than is usually organisations still need to embed an expected. understanding of what Shopper Marketing more on shopper Commonality stems from retailers wanting is and how it brings a new set of challenges marketing at more loyal shoppers and advocates as much and data points, which can yield greater A DMA P MA RC H 2013