Sholto In China

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Exchange and internship in China

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Sholto In China

  1. 2. “ GUANXI” ( 关系 ), AND MORE… SHOLTO’S ( 会 小明 ) CHINESE EXPERIENCE
  2. 3. Outline <ul><li>Introduction – My Experience </li></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><li>University </li></ul><ul><li>Internship </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion – </li></ul><ul><li>What I learned </li></ul>
  3. 4. NEW FRIENDS
  4. 5. NEW EXPERIENCES
  5. 6. NEW LANGUAGE
  6. 7. NEW FOOD
  7. 8. 1 INTERNSHIP AND 1 TEAM BUILDING CHINESE STYLE
  8. 9. New Culture <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture is a shared system of meanings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Norms, values, traditions… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is learned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can have many layers = </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National, Regional, Generation… </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Cultural Observations <ul><li>Chinese Complexity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple philosophies, systems and religions over thousands of years – Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The last 100 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>End of 2,000+ years of dynasties </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Civil war during Japanese invasion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Birth of a new communist nation (50+ years old) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Great Leap frog </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural revolution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Black and white cats, whichever catches the mice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Capitalistic Communism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Now “Harmonious Development” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Cultural Observations <ul><li>Guanxi 关系 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Networking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Know your business partner’s/ school mate’s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>personal life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collectivism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of relationships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Something for Something </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I can help you! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building favors/contacts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Talking to classmates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Giving gifts </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Cultural Observations <ul><li>Face </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Faces in China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public (including the family), and private </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confucius roots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>expectations and moral order </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Codes of behaviour are very different </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social appearance is very important – be careful </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power Distance High </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t criticize your boss. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t ask difficult questions and risk losing face </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Impolite foreigners” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Same job level meetings, men and women </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Cultural Observations <ul><li>Monochronic Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time is something that can be spent in China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On-time means 5/10 minutes early </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hard-Working/Non-Questioning -why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You would never call an average Chinese person lazy, due in part to the education system – diligence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arriving late, working hard, or leaving early shows a lack of respect, losing face </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Cultural Observations <ul><li>Generation Differences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Older generation – revolutions, hardship (famine…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>high uncertainty avoidance with the older generations = savings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>high collectivist culture = respecting centralized government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Higher power distance relationships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Younger Generation - economic growth, modernization… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lower uncertainty avoidance = spending a lot more than parents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less/different collectivism= smaller nuclear family groups, more individual choices, but still collectivist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lower power distance = “little emperors” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less masculinity than older generation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Other observations <ul><ul><li>Growing disparity between cities and the countryside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Class differences expanding as millions of upper and middle-class become rich while poverty remains a reality for millions more and may even be worsening for some </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences between traditional values and emerging “Western” values </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong sense of nationalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many similarities to industrialization in the West over a hundred years ago and to the development of Japan and South Korea as economic heavyweights (low-cost imitation, innovation, leadership…) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. University <ul><li>Zhong Shan Daxue 中山大学 </li></ul><ul><li>Courses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese Language - b asic necessities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese Business - issues affecting China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiations - accomodation for partnerships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operations Management - streamlining, planning, and control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic Management -Sustainable Competitive Advantage </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. University <ul><li>Zhong Shan Daxue 中山大学 </li></ul><ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talking to classmates during courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(guangxi) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not talking to the teacher (textbooks…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listening – few gestures and indirect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working hard, but sometimes not smart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Much less group conflict and arguing </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Internship <ul><li>TEXT 100 PUBLIC RELATIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Relations and consultancy for technology firms such as IBM, Siemens, Nokia, Intel, Cisco, Phillips, Texas Instruments, and many more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text 100 is truly global and has 30 offices worldwide covering EMEA, APAC and the Americas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In essence they are internationalized by necessity, in that their clients are global </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Internship <ul><li>SHANGHAI – my responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generating corporate communications materials for Chinese companies during the Olympic Games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training my Chinese colleagues on the differences between Western and Chinese media reporting styles and how to approach them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compiling a database of foreign media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing of Text 100 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intercultural adaption </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Internship <ul><li>PARIS – my responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Office organisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copying Contact details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Translating and summarising French coverage into English for monthly reports </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Internship <ul><li>Shanghai </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very Serious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Layout, relatively closed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Email and MSN, meeting rooms and gestures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t contradict the boss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Socializing outside work rare, or organized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staying at work until after 10:00pm or even midnight not uncommon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrive early, leave late </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Returning promptly from lunch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working hard for sometimes few results (lack of initial questioning) </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Internship <ul><li>Paris </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seemingly less serious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open layout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicating face-to-face, even if everybody else could here and the conversation was not serious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contradict the boss in front of everyone, all issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Much more informal socializing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arriving late, or often not at all, and leaving early or on-time commonplace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less urgency to get back to work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working less hard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Internship <ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National culture plays a huge role in the working environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The company is run in a relatively polycentric manner… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global offices are managed by and comprise of locals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It becomes evident that different expectations exist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  23. 24. Conclusion - What I learned <ul><li>Cultural Sensitivity, </li></ul><ul><li>Greater Awareness of my Strengths and Weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>Patience, Preparation and Review </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of Networking and Relationships </li></ul>
  24. 25. QUESTIONS
  25. 26. 谢谢 XieXie THANK YOU
  26. 27. Bibliography <ul><li>Harford, T. 2006, The Undercover Economist, Abacus, Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign reserves growing, inflation: Patalon, 2008, http://www.moneymorning.com/2008/04/14/with-its-jump-to-a-record-1.68-trillion-chinas-foreign-currency-reserves-spawn-major-inflationary-fears/ </li></ul><ul><li>The Return to Capital in China/Comments and Discussion, Chong-En Bai; Chang-Tai Hsieh; Yingyi Qian; Olivier Blanchard; Richard N Cooper, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity; 2006; 2; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 61 </li></ul><ul><li>China in the World Trading System, John Whalley, CESifo Economic Studies; Jun 2006; 52, 2; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 215 </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Liberalization and Regulation in East Asia: Lessons from Financial ... Jiangyu Wang, Journal of World Trade; Feb 2007; 41, 1; ABI/INFORM Global pg. 211 </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese Conundrum: External Financial Strength, Domestic Financial Weakness, Brad Setser, CESifo Economic Studies; Jun 2006; 52, 2; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 364 </li></ul><ul><li>FDI soars, Anonymous, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. The OECD Observer; Jul 2006; 256; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Exploring Subsidiary Strategic Roles in a Transitional Economy: Evidence from... Fan Liang; Stephen Nicholas, Journal of Global Business Issues; Summer 2007; 1, 2; ABI/INFORM Global pg. 101 </li></ul><ul><li>Shpak-Lissak, R. 2007, The Chinese Superpower-Historical Background, http://www.omedia.org/Show_Article.asp?DynamicContentID=2180&MenuID=719&ThreadID=1014008 </li></ul><ul><li>The Exchange Rate Exposure of Chinese and Taiwanese Multinational Corporations </li></ul>
  27. 28. Bibliography <ul><li>Luke Lin; David So-De Shyu; Chau-Jung Kuo, Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge; Sep 2007; 12, 1; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 173 </li></ul><ul><li>MADE IN CHINA, Anonymous, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. The OECD Observer; Oct 2006; 257; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 24 </li></ul><ul><li>An Opportunistic Ally, David H Shinn, Harvard International Review; Summer 2007; 29, 2; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 52 </li></ul><ul><li>Farndon J, 2007, China Rises, Virgin Books, London, UK </li></ul><ul><li>China human development index by the UN: http://hdrstats.undp.org/countries/country_fact_sheets/cty_fs_CHN.html </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese Conundrum: External Financial Strength, Domestic Financial Weakness, Brad Setser, CESifo Economic Studies; Jun 2006; 52, 2; ABI/INFORM Global, pg. 364 </li></ul><ul><li>Costs Rising, China to Export Inflation, David Barboza, International Herald Tribune, February 1, 2008, http://www.iht.com/ articles/2008/01/31/business/inflate.php </li></ul><ul><li>Lowell. J, 2006, The Great Wall – China against the world 1000bc to AD2000, Atlantic Books, London </li></ul><ul><li>Thubrou, C, 2001, Behind the wall, Vintage Books, London </li></ul><ul><li>Studwell, J. 2002, The China dream : The elusive quest for the greatest untapped market on earth, Profile Books, London </li></ul>

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