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Understanding Christianity Islam And Judaism


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General Overview over the 3 main religions that was used in my Human Geography classes.

Published in: Spiritual
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Understanding Christianity Islam And Judaism

  1. 1. Understanding Christianity, Islam and Judaism
  2. 2. What is a spoke diagram?
  3. 3. Draw the following symbols on the back of your spoke diagram
  4. 4. Match the symbol with Christianity, Islam, Judaism <ul><li>Next to your symbol write: </li></ul><ul><li>The cross is the symbol of Christianity. Christian believe that Jesus died on the cross and 3 days later rose from the dead. The cross is a symbol of victory over death, eternal life </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The crescent moon is a commonly used symbol of Islam. Muslims believe that when Muhammad received his revelation, the moon was in its last stage, appearing as a waning crescent. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Mogen David or star of David is the central symbol of Judaism. The star is the sign of the house of David, the family that produced the kings of biblical Israel </li></ul>
  7. 7. Music <ul><li>Judaism—used primarily in chanting of prayers, the cantor chants at services—sometimes the congregation responds. Prayers can be chanted. Instruments are generally not used. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Shofar or ram’s horn
  9. 9. <ul><li>Christianity--In Syrian Christian rituals, music is used in the recitation of hymns and excerpts from the Bible. Instruments are not used in prayer ritual because they draw attention away from the sacred meaning of the word. Other sects use a variety of instruments, chants and more melodic songs </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Islam—in Muslim rituals, music is used in the call to prayer (adhan). The Adhan is performed 5 times a day. Instruments are rarely used (However Sufi, mystics, use instrumental music in whirling dances) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Minuret
  12. 12. Whirling dervish
  13. 13. Christianity <ul><li>Jesus is divine </li></ul><ul><li>Trinity </li></ul><ul><li>Sacraments </li></ul><ul><li>Ordained ministry </li></ul><ul><li>Church is holy building </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Day is Sunday </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Book: “ The Holy Bible ” (ie… Old & New Testament) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Judaism <ul><li>Hebrew is sacred language </li></ul><ul><li>Canaan is promised land </li></ul><ul><li>God is Adonai / Yahweh </li></ul><ul><li>Synagogue is holy building </li></ul><ul><li>Holy day-Shabbat—Friday night to Saturday night </li></ul><ul><li>Musical instrument, shofar, used in ritual </li></ul><ul><li>Holy book: “Torah” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Islam <ul><li>Arabic is sacred language </li></ul><ul><li>Makkah is holy city </li></ul><ul><li>Muhammad final prophet </li></ul><ul><li>God is Allah </li></ul><ul><li>Mosque is holy building </li></ul><ul><li>Friday prayer most important </li></ul><ul><li>Hajj to Makkah </li></ul><ul><li>Adhan calls people to prayer </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Book: “ Qur’an” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Christianity and Judaism <ul><li>Liturgical practice of breaking bread and sharing wine </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing revelation </li></ul>
  17. 17. Christianity and Islam <ul><li>Salvation and damnation </li></ul><ul><li>Recitation of creed </li></ul><ul><li>Story of Jesus’ life </li></ul>
  18. 18. Judaism and Islam <ul><li>Dietary laws </li></ul><ul><li>Fasting (Ramadan and Yom Kippur) </li></ul><ul><li>Almsgiving </li></ul><ul><li>Service leader is religious scholar </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred language </li></ul>
  19. 19. All three <ul><li>One God, God of Abraham </li></ul><ul><li>Special relationship with God </li></ul><ul><li>History of Ancient Hebrews and Hebrew Law </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of Prophets </li></ul><ul><li>Divided into Sects </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer during worship service </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Services held in a holy building </li></ul><ul><li>Sermon during worship service </li></ul><ul><li>Jerusalem is a holy city </li></ul><ul><li>Readings from holy book during service </li></ul><ul><li>Religious leader chants excerpts from holy book </li></ul>
  21. 21. Questions <ul><li>1.What are the most important things they all share? </li></ul><ul><li>2.What might be a source of unity? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Of conflict? </li></ul><ul><li>4. What did you learn you didn’t know? </li></ul>