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Welfare work for unorganized sector

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Welfare work for unorganized sector

  1. 1. Welfare Work for Unorganized Labor kill: Knllemrl (2 ; ) ImbiIn. -It jnmtml (1:1)
  2. 2. Welfare Work for Unorganized Labor By: Kim Rnflezaal (25) Sliobilash _7anmal (29)
  3. 3. Unorganized Sector - Unorganized Labor - Child Labor - Women Labor - Contract Labor - Inter State Migrant Labor - Disabled and Apart of the workforce which Handicapped Labor has not been able to organize in pursuit of a common objective because of constraints such as casual nature of employment, ignorance and illiteracy. small Major Characteristics of unorganized sector: Size °f °5“"b"5""“°"‘5 with '°"" - The unorganized labor are omnipresent capital investment. per person employed. scattered nature of throughout India- establishments. superior - As the unorganized sector suffers from ‘"°"3”‘ °f the °"‘P’°V°' etc‘ cycles of excessive seasonality of employment majority of the unorganized workers do not have stable durable avenues of employment . The workplace is scattered and fragmented. - There is no formal employer — employee relationship.
  4. 4. Unorganized Sector - The labor in India consists of about 487 million workers of which over 94 percent work in unincorporated, unorganized enterprises . - However, as far as the agricultural sector is concerned, irrespective of economic class, the share of the unorganized workforce remains flat. - More than 30% of National Income comes from the Unorganized Sector. Key Issues @ - Lack of quality employment - Migration or under employment - Unequal distribution of - Large in Number money & unjustified wage - Seasonality of work rate - Working Environment - Gender discrimination in - Caste and Class Difference: wage - Poor Skill and Technology - Indebtedness - inadequacy of laws and - Bonded labor (Dadan) legislation - Social security and measures
  5. 5. Case Study - The study aimed at examining the present status of 'Naka' Workers’ in construction industry in Navi Mumbai. - The ‘Naka market’ Workers do not get regular wages because they do not get regular work. Most of them earn less than the minimum wage. . - Most of the workers possess a single skill. Resultantly they do not get regular work. They desire to obtain multiple skills but they do not have any access to such training institutions/ organizations from where they can obtain multiple skills training. - Lack of unionization among the ‘Naka Market' workers. Act for Unorganized Sector - The Unorganized Workers‘ Social Security Act. 2008 - An Act to provide for social security and welfare of unorganized workers . This Act provides for welfare schemes of unorganized workers, notably domestic workers on matters relating to health and life cover benefits, old age protection and other benefits. - The respective state government will constitute a welfare board for the unorganized workers for suitable welfare which includes housing, pension benefits, education schemes for children. skill up gradation etc.
  6. 6. Women Labor - As per Census 2011, the total number of female workers in India is 149.8 million - Female workers in rural and urban areas are 121.8 and 28.0 million respectively. - Out of total 149.8 million female workers, 35.9 million females are working as cultivators and another 61.5 million are agricultural laborers. Of the remaining female workers, 8.5 million are in household Industry and 43.7 million are classified as other workers.
  7. 7. Case - The survey conducted in the fishing industries showed the extent of exploitation and harassment suffered by women workers. A survey and interview reports from the Fisheries in Digha, in West Bengal showed women workers here are exploited and are suffering from various mental and physical ailment. - A women worker named Lokkhi Mandal who works in the 'Deepak Fisheries ltd. ’ as a grader mentioned during interview that most of the workers here are women and all of them are suffering from mental and physical torture by their male supervisors. Protective Provisions €c? Acts for Women Labor Safety/ Health Measures - Section 22(2) of the Factories Act, 1948 provides that no woman shall be allowed to clean, lubricate or adjust any part of a prime mover or of any transmission machinery while the prime mover or transmission machinery is in motion, or to clean, lubricate or adjust any part of any machine if the cleaning, lubrication or adjustment thereof would expose the woman to risk of injury from any moving part either of that machine or of any adjacent machinery. - Section 27 of the Factories Act, 1948 prohibits employment of women in any part of a factory for pressing cotton in which a cotton opener is at work. Prohibition of Night Work - Section 66(1)(b) of the Factories Act. 1948 states that no woman shall be required or allowed to work in any factow except between the hours of 6 a. m. and 7 pm. - Section 25 of the Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act. 1966 stipulates that no woman shall be required or allowed to work in any industrial premise except between 6 am. and 7 pm. - Section 46(1)(b) of the Mines Act. 1952 prohibits employment of women in any mine above ground except between the hours of 6 a. m. and 7 pm.
  8. 8. Prohibition of Sub-terrain Work - Section 46(1)(b) of the Mines Act, 1952 prohibits employment of women in any part of a mine which is below ground. Maternity Benefit - The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 regulates the employment of women in certain establishments for certain periods before and after child-birth and provides maternity benefits. The Building and Other Constructions (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996 provides for maternity benefit to female beneficiaries of the Welfare Fun Provisions for Separate Latrines and Urinals Provision for separate latrines and urinals for female workers exist under the following: - Rule 53 of the Contract Labor (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970. - Section 19 of the Factories Act, 1948. - Rule 42 of the Inter State Migrant Workmen (RECS) Central Rules. 1980. - Section 20 of the Mines Act. 1952. - Section 9 of the Plantations Labor Act, 1951. Provisions for Separate Washing Facilities Provision for separate washing facilities for female workers exists under the following: - Section 57 of the Contract Labor (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970. - Section 42 of the Factories Act. - Section 43 of the | nter—State Migrant Workmen (RECS) Act, 1979. fiyi
  9. 9. Welfare Actions - DGE&T is the nodal agency for providing vocational training in traditional and contemporary courses and certification to women to meet the trained skill workforce to the industry and service sector etc. in the country. . - The Institutional framework comprising 11 Institutes in the Central sector offer training courses to women to develop professional skills required to find suitable jobs/ self employment and trained faculty position in | T|s etc. The institutes set up to impart training: - National Vocational Training Institute (NVTI) for Women, NOIDA, Regional Vocational Training Institutes (RVTIS) for Women at Mumbai, Bangalore, Thiruvananthapuram, Panipat, l(olkata, Tura, Allahabad, Indore, Vadodara and Jaipur / ~:‘%h-ll. ‘ . "' Tl 1 j . 11,5. " . -$2 z: /$5?" «- W)? F = v‘ ' 3,4,‘ I. -«_ . . _ _ 1" . ‘G: . /5 ‘)_V ‘ 4:" j ' ‘ - According to the Census 2001 figures there are 1.26 crore working children in the age group of 5-14 as compared to the total child population of 252 crore. - There are approximately 12 lakhs children working in the hazardous occupations/ processes which are covered under the Child Labor (Prohibition 81 Regulation) Act ie. 18 occupations and 65 processes - However, as per survey conducted by National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) in 2004-05, the number of working children is estimated at 90.75 lakh. It shows that the efforts of the Government have borne the desired fruits.
  10. 10. Case A Comprehensive survey of child labor in the district of | (oraput was made in the year 1997 following the direction of Hon'ble Supreme Court of India. The survey revealed that the district bears 13,558 child laborers both in hazardous (234) and non-hazardous (13,324) occupations, out of which 6,440 are girls. Another survey of child laborers in the district was made towards the end of the years 2002, i. e. after five years of implementation of NCLP, which recorded as less as 2.693 child laborers in the district in hazardous (540) and nonhazardous(2,143) occupations, out of which 1,079 are girls. Acts for Child Labor Welfare Based on the recommendations of Gurupadaswamy Committee, the Child Labor (Prohibition 8: Regulation) Act was enacted in 1986. The Act prohibits employment of children in certain specified hazardous occupations and processes and regulates the working conditions in others. The list of hazardous occupations and processes is progressively being expanded on the recommendation of Child Labor Technical Advisory Committee constituted under the Act. In consonance with the above approach, a National Policy on Child Labor was formulated in 1987. The Policy seeks to adopt a gradual & sequential approach with a focus on rehabilitation. In 1988, the National Child Labor Project (NCLP) Scheme was launched in 9 districts of high child labor endemicity in the country. The Scheme envisages running of special schools for child labor withdrawn from work.
  11. 11. An individual in India is considered a contracted employee of an institution when they have been hired through a contractor (this process can still take place legally without the knowledge or consent of the individual ultimately in charge of the organization). - A total of 384 million persons are employed at various levels and out of the total employed 51% are self—employed, while 33.5% are engaged as casual labour and 15.6% are employed as regular wage or salaried employees. - The W Geri National Labour Institute in a study on contract labour has estimated that there are a total of 36 crore contract labour in the country and out of them 60 lacs are covered under the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970 in both Central and State sphere.
  12. 12. Case In the case of Steel Authority of India Ltd. v. National Union Water Front Workers again the same issue was raised. Here the Court acted solely on the basis of what was written in the Act. The Court said that Section 10 of the Act or any other provision there does not imply for automatic absorption of contract labour. Contract Labor Act, 1970 - The primary objective of the Act is to stop exploitation of contract labourers by contractors and establishments. The Act does not provide for a total abolition of contract labour system but it provides for abolition of contract labour in appropriate cases. - It is the responsibility of the Central Government or as the case may be, the State Government with concern to ensure effective implementation of the Act. - The Act applies to every establishment in which 20 or more workmen are employed or were employed on any day on the preceding 12 months as contract labour and to every contractor who employs or who employed on any day of the preceding 12 months 20 or more workmen.
  13. 13. Globalization has created a situation which generated a worldwide phenomenon of migration of millions of workers to other countries. The finance capital's thrust for cheap labour to bring down the cost of production in an environment of cut throat competition has given a powerful impetus to the phenomenon of migration of labour both within as well as outside the country. Males Fcnmk-5 Pcrso Males Fcnmlcs us 7-5 3-2 14 .445.224 12.373333 2.072.891 14-7 3 1.136.372 950.245 186.127 2.915.189 2.038.675 876.514 43.100911 679.852 42.421.o59 6.577.330 3.423.573 3.143.707 20,608,105 8,262,143 12,345,962 9.517.161 5.164.065 4.353.096
  14. 14. Inter State Migrant Workmen Act, 1979 - This act deals with the employment of inter-State migrant workmen and to provide for their conditions of service and for matters connected therewith. It includes all the necessary provisions to monitor the concerned cause. - There are two important reasons for rural labour migration: (1) migration for survival and (2) migration for subsistence .1" 3 1. x‘'‘. I
  15. 15. - The Constitution of India ensures equality, freedom, justice and dignity of all individuals and implicitly mandates an inclusive society for all including Person with Disabilities. - Disabled persons include the blind. the deaf, the orthopedically handicapped, the negative lepers and the mild mentally retarded persons. Welfare Schemes for Physically Disabled - DEENDAYAL Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme - Assistance to disabled persons for buying their aids and appliances - National Institutions for manpower development - EPF & ESI for disabled employees in the private sector with monthly salary upto 25,000 - Persons with Disability (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995, which provides for education, employment, creation of barrier free environment. social security, etc Quiz Swavalamban ? Saksham? Sabla? National Social Assistance Scheme?
  16. 16. 7V « lfi" try, .1 _‘-’l_, -‘ 1" I , " ‘J/ ,l' ‘.1’ ‘. L ‘'1' “J11 fr .1” . ) 41/1,] 1
  17. 17. Welfare Work for Unorganized Labor By: Rim Raflwal (25) Shobilash 7amwaI (29)

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