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Collective bargaining and its future trends


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Collective bargaining and its future trends

  1. 1. Scope Of Collective Bargaining In India Presented By : Shobitash Jamwal w nu vonuxul net uuuuuuuuuuuuuuu 1:! Scope Evolution
  2. 2. Scope Of Collective Bargaining In India Presented By : Shobitash Jamwal w nu vonuxul net uuuuuuuuuuuuuuu 1:! Scope Evolution
  3. 3. tVOIU. t101’1 What is CB & How it started in India? I , LPnIvA‘rE sacron ! :0LLEcTIlE BRReAlNIN8:1'AEL? .': ‘_ E: 4 Haw an I nus naxpining sumd din? Collective Bargaining?
  4. 4. Collective Bargaining? Collective Bargaining is a process of joint-decision making and basically represents a democratic way of life in industry. It establishes the culture of bipartism and joint consultation in industry and a flexible method of adjustment to economic and technical changes in an industry. It helps in establishing industrial peace without disrupting either the existing arrangements or the production activities.
  5. 5. How did Collective Bargaining started in India? Like many other developing countries, in India, Collective Bargaining got impetus from Various statutory provisions like Trade Dispute Act, 1929, Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 & Various voluntary provisions like Tripartite conferences, Joint Consultative Machineries etc. ‘ A Collective Bargaining was not Very popular till the end of the Second World War Collective Bargaining are conducted at plant, industry and national level. 7 , v «' .24‘ -1
  6. 6. There are three Concepts of Collective Bargaining in India with different emphasis and stress, namely, marketing concept , governmental concept , and the industrial relations or managerial concept. - Marketing Concept views CB as the means by which labor is bought and sold in the market place. - Governmental Concept regards the institution as a constitutional system or rule-making process which determines relationship between management and trade union representatives. - Managerial Concept regards institution as a participative decision-making between the employees and employers. '
  7. 7. Evolution vm in muunwwltuluvlw Iww| W!I'W lmlu . n.n mun. rmfi-tmuullvltix mnuin . ..n. -nr-mmn wiww-nwulumnqi. moi. .. a.. .a. i n-(man . .. ... ,.n. .i . ... ... -P. upupc (ow Sropzollill The scope or ca ayeemenl has been wniemg ' and now includes mauels relating to productivity. inodeniizzllon. slandiilfl cull! » . voluntary zmiimnon, incentive sdizns @- o job evaluation as compared urllu an-#1 ~ bargaining was only done in in: main, if '-—» wages. incentives and worlds; minibus ' uniy. Development Thnd A . ... ..i. ..n . i.. ... ... ... . a I! !! ma. n . n. . ... .., ..: .i i. ... ... .. mam: i. anm. i Yunnan n. nuuulkry lIl| —IIll! K|R!1|liII aunt nilvilft ». n». «u. ei«im. i n. ¢m. ., uni . -um-u. n. ... ..n. ... ..i. .v. .., ..«. n.. .:. ..m. ... .,. n.. .nn n. -mum. .4 Iain Mflllalngrm-viulm~ lulu: iniirllmd in: mm. .. .4 in in-u In ullnxwr ». ... n. Evolution (IA-a1nudlinn: ll, '<vIiAx1:dinlvidiaI main level 4 In an one at iisrzn. Indian ; u.nn. nn. n <-many . ni Hal: -our « uny. un_t and flrvi us mam. .n Ahrrdalud « ’IImu Yrxvllr Ina-nan mu4—is. a.. nxu. ..¢mn. .-ii. mm. ..‘-a. : . vn. ... .,. ... n.. ni i. ..pu. .o, v.i. nn. n and no rntunnm baa: tuicvluusr was 1 Alone -Whmillwvinu -asi-uvm vninnun an irjulnflm klnrrmrxlllxm I--dfll. . - wan ignunzvilt wulsrudtdilfil Ie4uIn: e|i_v| nl| nI: lalT| filnI1lIll
  8. 8. Evolution CB was traditionally conducted in India at plant level as in the case of TISCO, Indian Aluminium Company and Bata Shoe Company and first CB was done at Ahmedabad Cotton Textile Industry. EFI has classified collective agreements in three categories: - When agreement was purely voluntary and no registration before conciliator was done. - When agreement was purely voluntary and registration before conciliator was done. - When agreements were reached under reference by Industrial Tribunal/ Courts are recorded as consent awards. A _‘ ‘C-‘ ‘ _ . .‘/
  9. 9. Development Trend M IIII J A significant development of the 1970s is the emergence of bipartite National Industrial Committees in certain key industrial sectors such as coal mining, textile, sugar, electrical machinery, steel and cement. These committees have covered both public and private sectors. Development of Joint Negotiating committees is clear indication of the preference of the parties for collective bargaining.
  10. 10. n. I -lll Ul Downward ‘fiends of CB In India ll (ll n-nI. I.. ,II-I IURLHL I . II. II. ..I. III. II. nI. llfllli i. rnmu. nu. .1 Follculu Bury Irg agun. I Scope In India i. . LllllI’L| l¥I‘lLllg. IlllIIll3 . .i- Aw Ii. |iiIl i. niI . iIi. I mm . In. i lung term . In. »IInIIi, but In Hr we In Lt1Cl| lllIl. lIAllVl’jllfl’Hl-ljllEV1K‘l1lV in on In. » wllrvu‘ iicrluil iniugrfi lrlwrrii 1-G mm llIl‘illi‘I. ’IN . Ii. nnm-. InIII< nnnni n. I nan» , m hm Iilvn In the H1¢fl'ilNl' wnii , ;IIn. in nl node lHll(iII Ina IN. lll~lrIallIlHi)lIllIrAn| It1iIl (lllI‘ViL' iz. ...5iIII. .nI l lll ni. ..n, Snip: or on ' The Scope Ul cn dglerlllelll inn been Wltleilllig and now Includes matters relating to pmdurliviiv. nlntlornizalinn, ilnnding mam. i-nin. n.n3 . nmn. nnnI, IIl1(‘I| ll4l' »Iin~nm Imil ]0l) evaliiaiiun is (flillpdlell edlliei when bargaiiiing v-.15 onlv done in me mailer nl vfl}‘, l" nwnnws and Mtirkllig rniidiiinm . I only
  11. 11. Kr Scope Of CB The Scope of CB agreement has been widening and now includes matters relating to productivity, modernization, standing orders, voluntary arbitration, incentive schemes and job evaluation as compared earlier when bargaining was only done in the matter of wages, incentives and working conditions only.
  12. 12. Scope In India In collective bargaining we are having both shot-term and long-term agreements but if we see in case of India long-term agreements are on rise whose period ranges between 2-5 years. The number of agreements entered into each year has been on the increase. With growth of trade unions and industrialization the scope of Collective Bargaining is increasing.
  13. 13. Current Status of Collective Bargaining L l A Agreement Collective bargaining coverage and types of agreements 450000 45% 40(D00 40% 35IX)00 ' 35% 30(X)00 3056 25lX)00 25% ZKXXJOO 20% ISWOO 15% l0(XIl00 10% SW00 5% O 0% 50' opgtgsogi xxx 0: ‘ 9,» »"‘»‘*»"’»"’x‘§px‘§)'v&x@x‘l? x@w6§°wd>w"6., w‘Pqw°w°w j coverage - Public Sector (LHS) j coverage - Prlvate Sector (LHS) Coverage -Total (O00) (LHS) MECAs as 5!; ol all collectives (RHS)
  14. 14. “lily. Prezi ’lul‘ Downward Trends of CB in India In the past space of Collective Bargaining has suffered shrinkage due to following reasons: - Amending the Trade Union Act - Banning the strikes by using ESMA - Judicial Precedents imposing further limitations. - Making SEZS and NMIZS immune to Trade Union Actions
  15. 15. Steps to Promote Collective Bargaining in India: - CB should be declared as an integral part of India's national industrial relations policy. - Principle of right to organize and to bargain collectively names as convention 98 and 81 should be ratified and implemented. - CB should be adopted as a part of the corporate personnel policy in public sector enterprises and PSU’s. ldS of
  16. 16. Thank you!
  17. 17. Scope Of Collective Bargaining In India Presented By : Shobitash Jamwal in nu mmui net uuuuuuuuuuuuuuu cl Scope Evolution