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Eldec keynote presentation_shironica_karunanayaka_14_march2016

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Keynote Presentation made at ELDEC Conference, Lahore, March 14, 2016

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Eldec keynote presentation_shironica_karunanayaka_14_march2016

  1. 1. Towards Open Educational Practices: Possibilities and Challenges Shironica P. Karunanayaka The Open University of Sri Lanka <spkar@ou.ac.lk> Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  2. 2. "The future is open" by Creative Commons is licensed under CC BY 4.0 2 Shironica Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  3. 3. 3 Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  4. 4. 4 Value Principle: “Education is a Common Good ” Openness in Education Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  5. 5. 5 Education is about SHARING… Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  6. 6. 6 Opening up Education through Dimensions of Open Access Open Learning Open Teaching Open Technologies Open Source Software Open Text Books Open Data Open Access Journals Open Scholarship Open Courses Open Badges Open Educational Resources Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  7. 7. 7 A continuum of ‘Open’ Practices has been evolving over time… Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan MOOCS Open Licensing OER Open Universiti es WWW Open Content
  8. 8. 8 OER enables extremely efficient & affordable sharing of educational resources…  Freely  Openly  Equitably Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  9. 9. Enhanced Openness through OER  Empowers teachers and learners to become more creative and innovative in their educational practices… 9 (Wiley, 2014) Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  10. 10. Opening Up… Access OER 10 Practices OEP Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  11. 11. MOST OPEN LEAST OPEN Open Access vs. Open Practices 11 Instructivist approaches Constructivist approaches MOST OPEN LEAST OPEN Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  12. 12. Open Educational Practices (OEP)  Support the (re)use and production of OER through institutional policies,  Promote innovative pedagogical models, and  Respect and empower learners as co-producers on their lifelong learning path… 12 (OPAL, 2009; Ehlers, 2011) Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  13. 13. Challenge: Implementing OEP 13 13  Implementing OEP in such a way to promote a culture of collaborative practices is very challenging.  This essentially requires a ‘change’ in practitioners’ mindsets towards a more open, participatory, creative and sharing culture. Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  14. 14. Enacting  Carefully designed OER-based e-learning environments based on innovative pedagogical models would offer a viable solution to support transformational changes in thinking and practices among practitioners. 14 14 “Change is a journey, not a blueprint” (Fullan, 1993) Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  15. 15. Promoting OEP through designing appropriate experiences  The Case of OUSL 15 Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  16. 16. Effective, Efficient, Engaging Learning Experience Design – Three Initiatives…  Promoting ▫ Authentic ▫ Situated ▫ Learning-centric ▫ Task-oriented ▫ Peer-supported ▫ Creative ▫ Reflective OER-based eLearning environments  Integrating different forms of OER in different ways. 16 Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  17. 17. 1. Engines for Education (2013-2014) 17 • A framework for the design of effective, efficient and engaging learning experiences based on a situated learning pedagogy - Scenario- based Learning (SBL), with OER integration in the learning design.(Naidu & Karunanayaka, 2015) Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  18. 18. 2. OER-based eLearning (2014-2015) (Karunanayaka, Naidu, Rajendra, Ratnayaka, 2015) 18  The ‘Engines of Education” framework integrated with the OPAL framework (2009) to design an OER-based e- Learning course, extending beyond mere access of OER to innovative OEP. Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  19. 19. 3. OEP through a DBR approach (2015-2016) (Karunanayaka & Naidu, 2016) 19  A design-based research framework (Reeves, 2006) through a carefully planned intervention strategies at different stages over time, used in real life settings of OER- integrated teaching, to promote OEP among teachers, while ascertaining its impact. Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  20. 20. Reflections  A systematic approach to the integration of OER in teaching and learning was required to enact a ‘change’ in the mindsets of practitioners to move beyond mere access of OER to OEP.  Different ways and levels of OER integration in the learning design, through a carefully orchestrated series of learning experiences based on real life situations supported practitioners to gradually move towards OEP. 20 Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  21. 21. 21 Concluding Thoughts…  Opening up educational practices requires transformational changes in organizations.  A ‘transformational change’ can happen through ‘transformative learning’, where sets of fixed assumptions and expectations would be transformed to make them more open, reflective, and emotionally able to change (Scheels, 2013).  Design of appropriate effective, efficient, and engaging experiences based on innovative pedagogical models offers a viable solution to enhance transformational changes in mindsets and practices among practitioners towards OEP. Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  22. 22. References • Ehlers, U.-D. (2011). From open educational resources to open educational practices. eLearning Papers (23). Retrieved from: https://oerknowledgecloud.org/sites/oerknowledgecloud.org/files/media25161.pdf • Fullan, M.G. (1993). The Professional Teacher: Why Teachers Must Become Change Agents. Educational Leadership. 50(6) March 1993. Retrieved from: http://www.michaelfullan.ca/Articles_98-99/03_93.pdf • Karunanayaka, S. P., Naidu, S. (2016). From mindsets to mindstorms: Promoting transformational change in OEP at OUSL. Poster presentation at OEPS Forum4, 9 March, 2016, Scotland • Karunanayaka, S. P., Naidu, S., Rajendra, J., & Ratnayake, H. (2015). From OER to OEP: Shifting Practitioner Perspectives and Practices with Innovative Learning Experience Design. Open Praxis, 7(4), 339-350. doi:10.5944/openpraxis.7.4.252 Retrieved from: http://www.openpraxis.org/index.php/OpenPraxis/article/view/252/0 • Karunanayaka, S.P. & Naidu, S. & (2014). (Eds). Integrating OER in Educational Practice : Practitioner Stories. The Open University of Sri Lanka. Retrieved from: http://www.ou.ac.lk/home/images/OUSL/publications/intergratingOERinEducationalPractice.pdf • Naidu, S. & Karunanayaka, S. P. (2015). Impacts of OER: What difference does it make & how? Research paper presented at the International Conference on Distance Education (ICDE), 14-16 October, 2015, Sun City, South Africa, hosted by the University of South Africa (Unisa) • OPAL (Open Educational Quality Initiative) Report. (2009). Retrieved from: http:/eu/eacea.ec.europa./llp/projects/public_parts/documents/ict/2009/mp_504893_ict_FR_opal.pdf • Reeves, T.C. (2006). Design research from a technology perspective. In J. van den Akker, K. Gravemeijer, S. McKenney & N. Nieveen (Eds.), Educational design research (pp. 52-66). London: Routledge. • Scheels, P. (2013). Processes of Transformational Change and Transformative Learning. Retrieved from: https://scheelelearning.com/2013/07/processes-of-transformational-change-and-transformative-learning/ • Wiley, D. (2014 March 15). Clarifying the 5th R [Web log post] Retrieved from: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3251 22 Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  23. 23. Acknowledgements 23  The Open University of Sri Lanka (OUSL)  Research on Open Educational Resources for Development Project (ROER4D)  Commonwealth of Learning (COL)  Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia (CEMCA)  Dr. Som Naidu, Monash University, Australia – Co-Lead Researcher Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan
  24. 24. 24 Shironica P. Karunanayaka, Keynote Presentation, ELDEC, 14-15 March 2016, Lahore, Pakistan

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