8th semester Civil Engineering (2010 May - June) Question Papers

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8th semester Civil Engineering (2010 May - June) Question Papers

  1. 1. tt ti {}scv*s ffi*ghth $*Nx*es*er ffi"H" S}*gree &xsrr*$nxti*ra, May/"hxrx* ft*t$ &q$wm$xffiffiS ffiqpxx*rm€* Ywwhmxmlegp Tim*: 3 hre" Max. Marks: l$$ N*te: dnswer *rly *T}/tr fir,ll qaestions, seJer#mg sd fe*sf ffrc? EuesStrrx,r;?"t ea*k p*rS. a.) tii P&R"T - A & {i( &, ]lnum*rat* fhe imp*rt*nce *lllnpre"s *.ornpouficl in ordinary p*rtliurcl **trl*n{. {t}s M*rks} d h. *is*uts thn fa*tor* r*sponsibl* in af?*cting the strengt* olconcrete" {t}s Mwrks} s c. Whn{ *re t}rc p*ran:eters d*{i*ing rh*ol*gy of f}csh +oncr*te? Expiain. ($s Mar}cs} (.) G} a" Sis*uss *r* *fTbcts of sxp*r plnsii*ix*rs *n &esh and hard*ned *oncr*te. (0$ Mnr$*s) ui .. b. Hxph*n th* eff**t *{*ir-*ntr;rirur"rent *rr lhr proper{i*s *f c*n*r*t*. {$$ Mnrks} Y^ "{) *. Wlrat is SSBS? Explain th* perfcrnx*n** of {itiHii i* c*n*rotc. {t}* i{*rks}T$us,, &" ExplnJn tI:* fs*t*rs *.ttecting *rix design i:f c*ncr*t*:. ($s ft{srks}*co b. Cai*ulette lh* gel/sp*ce ratir: a:ld th* rir**r*tir:al str**gl* of n sarnpi* i:f **rr*rer*. m*ds w{tl: {d < SCIO gm ceruent with {}.5 rv*t*rlc*ms*.t r*ti*, *n irrll hydration ond Xo) Marks) nJ{:-* $i Hxpl*i* th* frctoro wl**h afl.est p*rnlvabilify r:f c*nr:r*t*. Msrks) 4&. Briitg out th* discu sion *bout th*m:nl prclperti** *f**n*r* *rrks) ?:, b. Write sh*$ n*l*s,li) elk*l: itH$r*Sate reacti$*, *rl*"t) Hxpl*in **rr*sio* xl**heinism and its **iltrc)!. urk;)$!Oad fd PAXTY * $};a sl J(-I. What is r*ftd.v rnix *;r:ncr*t*l flxpiain Ih* ffi*s *f r**ely mrix {{}S k$*rk*}L;;rcfl i). Hxpi*in with a *k*tsh th* pro*ex* *f pux"r.pi*g *f c*n*r*ts. {{}* Mllrks}>r r Whtlt is high v*i*me $y mtrl osn$r*te? Sxplnin its sp*eial pr*p*$i*s. itlS Flxrks) 0*"jis $s. J)*fi** s*l,{ *:xrspa.*ling r:*n*rst*. {}xpiain Ni:e nup*ssitv of obt*i*ing s*}i **r*pn*tingui $*n*fi)t*" i{}S &,t*rkr:.} k [,ist tk* advaxt*ges <lf $ilt sv*r tttl]x]&l cr:n*rct*. ($s Mmrkx]$:)ra ;:: Sdhnt is lihre reinl?:r*ed c*ncr*{*? $is*xss t}l*r g:r*p*r{i*s *{- v*riq:xs li}:r*s, lV}r*t is &*ir*(:;r. *ffect on c.*ncr*t*? ($s }t{*rtn}**se *i!qi :-* ? it. Whar is the ci*finiti** *l iiiglr p*rfhffii1s.rl** c*ncr*t*! lVh*t nr* th* *riti**l g:nram*ters ixv*lv*d itt th* pr*duci*g *:1 I {}uCi** h" Ili**ulis th* prop*rti*rs *f c*rn:n*ln lig${ w*igi:t -* {tls h**r$*r} *cn*rut*. Iixpiain the st*ps {* nriv*,LJ "(Jri *. What ix ferro**ment? Ilis*ir*s the appli*ati*n q:flf*xxcl**ment in th* *i:nstru*nirr. l*txT:lffi.-*- {$rS iu*r}x}sZc &. ,ilutrrlain ths ixfiuenc* of thc rat* *:f applic*ti*n of k:ad *n tho ummprsssiv* strr:ng{h of(L **m*r*tq:" {{}S tvlmrtu} k) Wknl *r* th* t**i:niqu*s lrl*ns*.*"ing p}*s*: v*irx;ity tlxr:r.lg.h **rir:x:t*? Iixplaix" {{}$ M*rt*x} q-rf *. lffh*t {Ir* *i* *ppli**tir:n$ (.ifti:u pr:ls* v*l*cit.v ::retir*ds t* q:valunte c$n*r$t* s{ru$tur*s? {$$ lv$S}"Sis}
  2. 2. r)6CVlii .,-", l_mI[:ilJ: sigh*rl $.$*rmestex" $$".$i1,. $}*gree ${.xxx$irsn{i&ffi, &r}$Eyl"$tlxxe }*$$ ffimw$gxnffigsNffirmq&,*$Bwsss&m*$s*rexm&esfl&s ,L) () Q * n,lip rvjrrrks:lilr, *1" {d I tmc: r+ ^t nr$ s N*te: I. ,;{n.slrl*r #rxc rga**$roxJir.rml ibur{ A *nd u (d #n* grles$dr.rn;&**r frrlr"/ & 8, k ?- {..1sg r,f.r.s";$#s * J#*}? r*pryJ s{*eJ tr:$ds rlre llern*/|ed.()XE0* -$" .4.s.w*E**l * rs*is.t*islg rdxrdx slaifet J: f1r".F dV3 no ll goo ry"I--*s.n if t. Ascr:*nr1-"rl:yhram{SM]: :lrlt}(4*i6}}l/:nistoh*jtin*c}t*th*:rfisinb*$misiM134{)ti"; :: iO Xt) il. hr.tll.s o[tliitttlr:{ct *c eJ 6,lfi 1..1/rn".l"n$ rms]*s i$A }fi x"${} x * nrr-r u$*i".l i*r *{1n11**Iir}}1.lhr*e "; {li: {)); i"lser,i ti: *or***i *r,tr11*s l* fh*,.v*b u{lSIvlB }0t1. s b*lts *f }Zmnr dia:*el*r iu* u*q:ii mm arc Ylo rrungeri *Ji:si{.h h*ams il* *re sallr*fft to **}nn*}i:t t}r* arr6}*:s t* tt,r- rveh Err}sMI3 400^ rhe l*v*}. Dr*w to a suit*hi* $.r*.1-. {{}S Mr:rk"s) bii ij $*:*lio*al tl*v*ti*lr {*? h"}nri";i a iil Si*l* t,iew slr*r,rinB all detnils r 1 ,",. .- ..---..^i,-., liit: ;i 1::r s b. .i"wo *h*n*crs r$M{. q{)fi (*; 4i}4 r{lrx pi**r:d h*r:k {* txrck with ;r str:r**ing 25{i n:rn, *har:rnels *re $rppCIrteei. *r: * siab h*s* ha,ing ?ilO x ?{}0 x fi{} m:n xiz*- Th* sicle *ngles ill"+ suitable b*lts. N}as* pl*te is *onu**tucl to ffixt*r*ir: r{€ ffit LS i(}{} x 1{}{J x I{: an*t iir* coitr.}dcrerl hy ?{i nrm hirritrg 35* ;ir*i p*d*stal 2m x ?rn x il.g lr.r siz* irsing 4 i:rn*h*r bq:lts *frii*m*tcr ,i, d.) sr i*ngth. Llrarv ro a suitabtr* srtl$ tl:c iirik:wir"lgo : lt;rll.r;! $s feL i) li*cti*l:*l t:l*v*ticxl. t{}? il*rlqs) iil })lnn *f slab has* giving ali d*tails h ;: 4o i4 fi: hy rneans erf H* !{) za. An l$l,ts 40t) w,5S$ Nlm b*utx r:*nnocts ISr"lB 3{}fi r$} 58S,1tr,1rn.c$ltttjlnros ol5 bolt: 0.^(- stirT.ened er:nne*tit:n""trrr* sriff*n*r angir:s ar* iliA 9{} x rx)"x l{) *:ur wirl: twri >1 cl**rr angle ISA 90 x 9{l x 1ll alc * 5r) ${.dia*rot*r?0 nrm. s*ar angl* is l$A }i{} x 1]L} x r{} rnm and {)l5 Tq3 p. ci rvith ntwinarl b*lting. ilra"v: r:kvatiixr. {tt} Mrrrks} 6g i) Ilyr:nt {l* tulxrks} Sid* viow *jth **tailx. U --)r li: -...-*^,*I$}-l}1 :{i(} ti A* lsi.{B 31"1{} ,:$i s311 }d/m i* rlt* !.:rv*r sl.r:r*y *f ;"r huilding is uonn*c{ecl-t*x s rnrn platr*s qJd * b. r.d $he xplic* ibr rhe c*iusttts ccnsisls of 25{} x }00 ; d.fi13 N/m *f the -d;; s{*r*y. s wi{h *lt r*u*cl ,**i*iu*g rhl bas* $h* lo l0ti x ?.5{} x 50 *rm" l.is* suit$hl* w*b irxgles ;rnd d w*lding for *urul*cti**. lh*rv: b o l)- ii $i*cti*nal lilevati*r:. {}t} &trrlr}rs} F ii) $ide vinv wit}T d*t*ils" I t)l "i,
  3. 3. t, {}$f,ve? fleffii-:-$ tr-he fink m:oirruss {or iui indilsr.ria] i:uiiding h;,rs ti:* f*ll*wing detxils. $pitlr * I0 rn, Risc 2.j ln, b**ring,,,,, 1il0 rmn, sl1;pe {} *., Iis *, F C :::; | .{ "I{:r.$o. i}uncl wiclth AI) ,,. IJl.l 51. i:ig..tr I)*sign lh* m*mbevs CIfthc jr;int il anrt , cirmpl*t*ly, ,{I** r{esign th* sliriing has* ar A il.clxs:ti*r: i).i A -2t] ill,{ ror*e in ilir " o(i 3{, kFl *t:rnp*svi*ri i*nd ?} kry r*nsi** Fr:r** in {jN* il{} ,.,}.i} k.},1 ***rprr:ssir:* IS kittr:nsi*n Fi:rsi* irT AI") = $? kN {c*nrpr*ssi*n} I;{:rx:* in {r{J kle {t*rrs}r:ni. r"1h.,l ,,.,, Use strit*hie cliavn*ter h*ltn li:r alJ *:r:nn**t!<:ns. Alri: rI*sign tli* i*:*i:*r h*l1s lirr * 1..rrli *l ,]{} kN" $r*x, t* * suital:le ***l* : "llh* *lerr*ti*n *f rrlr:l. truss i. gr**h*r thn"n hall. *pi:r"r. b. Iil*vaticrr *:{j*ir:t il r* *l larg*r scai*. c. lil*v*lion and pl*:r dct*rijs *{,*licli:.rg.ir:inr ut,4, {?{} Mlarks} t)*sipr * sirnply su;:p*rted *rirrlc gilnrry girder firr th* l*ik:wing data" f.h* girei*i: is *]**tri*ally op*r*{*:ri. yi*}cl str**s uf srr":r:l- is-is* }v{p:r. use l(: nrrn dinn:*t*r l:l:lt r:f^gurrt* $ l i) l$pr*n *l*riin* lrir d*r "Ii,v, ii: $pa:: *1gar:tr-v gii:ii:r 1,-., iii") il*p*r*it3, *{tl:* srii$* ::: ??n L lt iu) $*lf w*igihr ti{ cr;rn* *rcl*dir:g *rai: :::::: ?{}il kN v) W*ight *i.c*:.b :: 6* kl,J vii Wh**l b*s* disitr*ri** .).,1. fi l vii) ll.{inimuryrh**k lrppr***h ::,: i.{ vl viii) Scl{w*iglrt *iri*ii U. .] t( t/til ix) I{*ight *f r"*il 75 :i:rn I..)ralv tt: i* suil*hle s*ili* : G. a. ll,t* ex"lrst s**:ticlr.t r.rl" uri*tr"v 1.lir"ri*r i*ntj lrs il{t;,rrhrni.lr.rrs l# sLipilol-li*g *l:3unrn anrj th* hr*r:k*t it.,llialrr dri.ajls. c. fii*i* *l*v*ti*n. {7{} Mxrks) S*;$*S .),ta
  4. 4. 1"]$${ r-t- 1- LL__l t-l-l I I i ${,lghtk S*rxxq*s&*r I l- 1- i-L i $S"H. il H}*gr** ffixmrm*mx*iu*nr, &{[wyl$rx:x* ?t] t {} {}6CV835 *NNSxms*w$m$ &ffi ww*mwffs$ffi $- X"rww*w*E ffi r&& $ .J Ma.r Ma:ks:.l0() i5 * Ti*:r*: 3 hrs" N *** ; r$.rr.$nEr rxsxy ff.f, $/$.$e$f sa*vsf *rts srJcctf"ag ? * rg *g fetrss 3"M$ Srdss-y{#}sn"J}*rr* etxc& pnrJ *r$ s frSifrl*A of ii,.**rirliliXilr*,].ci*xls fcr incluslrial ellJu*rils rneant I*r {} i6 (J lixi"rl*rin th*: signili*ilxrce .inr* s*r[*c* w*rms. Indicate thc pruserih*ri h:dian litandards (l]lSi firr axry t*trYl({: cJ ;i;ils- N**rt*n) {l{} [*ff-*":t- in a t*rbular thrnr ,, sev"ag<: ,--,.*4],-rr*+ *rn,rr {l{i ]$:rrkr} ... lrs*tm$rt plarltGc) t). lixptain bri*{[y thc *lf*cts *linrJustrial r,virstes cxt i]re3,t - Ph*lph:i it:nn*Jali*nHog tA L <, Deriv* thc diss*1lv**} *xyg*n {l.X}i sng cqualiitr ui}Sr**ter: {l{} &{xrks}.: cI qr}i*s* into rt strram ,{ ibncl pr*ressing ixchistry riischarrqes 115 N{l$ of wastervatr:r}tnrii:r"I}:r: t*n:pi*rtitr}r{}d-* c- b. 9dr gsiln lis^ "Ihe vel*ciry i:l-ttre stream is i2 otr mi*imum rat* o1 fiLrv isIs o{, tlre w&ste$,ar*r is 2(},,{)" whil* t}rat ofi t}:* srcam is r5"{)- Jhi: 2CI"c, 5 dny fi$l} *l r}r*$l "lh* wa$l*tl*t*r *r]nlaitts rtt;[i :: w:*t*rai*t*r is ?1;{} *[n, whiie that. *f th* sf.reanr is L* mgii D$, bllt t]r* strxmr is t}{}% seturat*d *l lhe rp:ilreiim *l t]re dlscharge At ?{}"("1 Kl is estirnirlr:t{ tr:r }:c Q.r pur. ,loy, w}iil* K: is 0.? ;:*r r}*y. I}*te**ino the *ritieal {}xyg*n delicit p*ifll li** t*ttrperalur* Als* *sti*,rnt*,rr z13,lc s dxy ${l$ r:{* sanrgrli: tiikq:n *t th* tritic.al tc *r.:i K.:. }lugl**t Li-r, Kr *sli3 li," {10 Mar"ks} c*-*giciqrxr *f,1.il,ri? f*r,t-:li1n t<1 srld r.ilr).{ pE:r.ii u tr*iiilr:*nt with rlxi:n:pi*r: : 14 ilxpixin rh* imll*wilq *s nppli*cl 1* in*h.rstritil 1.,{tstQui}t*r Pd J gr:J15 (S o.. V$h,rrr* re*ucti*n b $trengtir rer{**ti*n-{o k0 *" $qu*lixrdi*n and pr*p*r(innir.rg cl. N*$lrxii:{atii}n. {t{} Mxrkx} 0r wztt*r$ : :ti it. ii"xplain th*l *ftlcts r:{.lhe {i:itrtwilg milt{irii{ls *n r*c:t*ivitlg *xr$ac* SIr (]" ii) $rg*ni* ruilli{:r {I{} S{*rks} $i i) tcici and *lJq.nli I t). Writrt i: hrisf n$t* $n : u i& **cl coll*ids {}{) iltnrks) *<.r * l")isposai of s*liql xlxdge ; ii) I{orn*val ols*sp*nrt*d :;oliels si kqt I:effi;S ilnl in{r:strial wa$te P "rf Y,.x $n- ljnd*r whir:!1 circurnstance.s th" i*ini iientrn*pt. *f servagc ts I$ M*rlis) ;-= cAO r*c*mrncncleci? ])i*cus*. a. ifi D. p*int *ul thn *ff**ts *t untr*ateii/pnrtially tr**led w&$t*$ liorx u$lion tex{ile rnill nn l$ &{*rks} re*eivit$ wat{ir br:riy- XaJ { r:h ,4lso rir*w th* $*illml{nl ll*rv shr:*l (}.{ Q Iliseuss in gen*r*l tl.r* s*ur*es *l inclustrial r,virstuwarters. I {l{} Mxr}*i *".i ti ibr cotton tixtil* x:ill x{ist*w*i}l$rs ; 0 h. flxpl*in ths felliowing : i) lxg;islati*n tu c$ntrtll r.vi$*r p*llrrtirln ; ii) Rce*very nnd r*use o{inEtuslri*i rt*st*s" {!t} Mxrk*} {iiv* t}:* prou$$li .{]6w diagrixn an*l qirtr^r*.cterixti*s *f wast*wnt*ts lt*m : e s d. {l{} M*rks} i) Ilistill*ry i:rdustry ; ii) {"}niqy indu:;lry *i*l *f fiuw *JJlLrs*t with L:xpl*in hrieily {hc *}rl.rra*teristirs *mtj tr**lrnrnt *{sL**l r:riil i"lri: h. {}(} Mr*rks} cha$. papcr miil ttrith th*: aid *f S &. $ive th.* gpical oharas.terlstics *f e*r*binq:d e$lJus:rtt o{ pu}p and fCIr pulp and p*p*r mill lttl M*rks) * cliugi**.i. uxpl*in th* avnst*vr*t*r trcntme*t l:,ffi)cess fi1*w b. Writc xh*rt n*t*x str ell)r trs* *f ttr* &:11*wi*p, : i) Ii{reiurr standardx *r:d *trXr:*nt standnrttrs *) *r*b iurel c*mp*xit* :;arxpl*s Give *xnmpl*s inri$stry" {}$ M*rks} lii; CSnr*ct*rislics g;r:d lr*atm*nl fl*rv sh**t {i:r *uming
  5. 5. / {}$ilvsd$ $i$g$x {}x S *smeste r $S" $tl" $}*gx"*:* $l x*rmx $ as * *$*xx, M *xyl.} ex * c X{} } {} ffims$gxx wS *$pNree$$$ffi S*rws*&x*$ffis 3 hrs, lV{sx. fuX*rks:l{}0 ld *l$ * : "..$ ve.s wsd *rsr.y $lS ${tr $w/S rirr*usf fs$s, s*:$e* $rng rx$ jg**,gd ipe/d,I r*a ***strr*r* s 3$r.rrm r:n*:Jr p*xrd" d TJ {1*$X-$.l: & tJ CJ k a. Wh*t ri* y*r"r und*r$t,i$d by b*lanei*g ei*pthi lJ*rivs lii) expro$$i*n l*r t.lr* s*ure, {t}tr }tr*rk*} ii f" h. Wh*{ $re t}r* lil:*ses iu cnnals? Irxplain. {t}d tutxrho) s. lixplain hri*:itr1, thc fl*llowing: {} i) Fr*e b*ard in **:r*l.s ii) Penxan*nt h*nrl rvidth iii) tnspection r*nd iv) I3*rm v] il*wln. ,,) {X{} IHxrks} Sx Iles*ribc r,vith tire h*lp o{s;kct*}:*.c. v*riur.is ty1:*sq[crriss*drainaee lvorks. t{0 M*rkx} t- lixplnin kl jlr;l"s nltlh*d othy;r*rlx:Ii* tr:lnsititrn. []cr"ive th* equalion y{)u use. {{}$ Marks} 6* -13 ,. Ilxplain th* rvr*thi:el of riet*rmining upiifi llressure nn tl:c rrx.:{*l a siph*n aqu*d**t. f c*: {05 Marksi EV gu" Ch**k th* stability *tthe gravily clarx sr:*tic:n sheiwn in the lrig.Q3, next p&Sel flr:r r*s*rv*ir {}* "SU *nrpty *ncl reservsir flilt *ondititn.r" I{*511*ct s*isrni* firrr:*s. Als* hnd prin,;iptr} $tr*,is and sh*ar F:: o* itt lhe law *rxJ thr: h*el i:t-the dam, laki: sp*e.ifir wei.11l:t ni"c.on$reu: .., 2.j^544 kNi:r (usilluisnt *l1rictic;n pr - i)^7. fa $henr str*.ng-th r:f *onr.r*rtr: q "* 1J?3.4 i<ltl/nr:. {}fi Mrrku) bU b0s e" $:xptxin th* v*rious purp*s*s *nd tySr*s r:Ig*}I*ri*.s provi<led irr th* gravitl,i.iririr {{.}ll M*rks} ()k 4# h. Oxpl*in with ths h*lp erf diagr{rns} v;xrious^!oiuts and w*tcr seals 6:rovid*rt in graviry d*rns. (t}* nt6ytr4u"3 jld c. I{r:w ri.o you c*ntr*l ihe t:ruclc.ing in;.1 co::cr*t*: gravity <i*rnl {{}4 Mnrks} a)I ^I ,ftkst-}-:-i$ Ird Q,i d<) &. Iliscuss in bricJ,lh* causcs of iailure of **rth dams. {}{} l{*rkr} Iii sl.; c:.; h" F*r th* **,rth sJ*rl: olhcx*ug*r^r$oulJ s**{irtn a h*rixnntal filtsr as she:wr-r i* i;ig^Q5{b}, luslth rtruw {}ie t*p il*w }ilr*. trith* eoel{:*iunt of penr:*;lbiliry of th* snil mat*rial us*ti in {h* clam :* L$ ),d is 5xl{}-a cm/s*c, {lncl th* s*spi}S$ {.1+rv pr:r mit length *l t}ie clr:nr. (i{} iHarkr} -"o i** B1) V< ff{w ( i"* 50wr ia$rn@ *q ; () Y. ris1.i]5(h) *. Whart is a spiliway? Iixplnin *ny fi:r:r typr:s o1spillways, r,q,itl: sk*t*h*s, {{l} ivl*rks} s b. il*:tnp*l* th* $vsr $$ rlg*e r.v*ii.r with c.*clYlci*nt ol dischnrg* r:qua} t* 2"4 *t a c$isci:{trge heaci of 2 nt"trI:* l*ngtl: *{"th* *rpillw*1, i* l{}(} rn. "{}r* cr*st rvicltL is I rx *br:v* the irrttixn ul lhe appr**eh ck$.nnel h*ving th* sam* wielth n$ rh*t r:f th* spillway. (l$ Mnrks] I dl /
  6. 6. *(i{li s4{i? st. trixpl*in }:riefly nxy firr* typ*s *li.alls, wi{}r sk*tc}r*s. {l{} Marks} b" $xpl*in tlr* pr*:i:erlur* of designing iia.rdn typ* fiill. {10 M*rks}l* ii. I:ixplain the prxri:*ci*re f*r ri*signing r:ri:$s-:ugttiatri llttti h**ti r*6,ulxtr:r . {tl} tdarl*i} (06 M*rksi h, Wh*rt ar* tlre iunctions *llhend anel. *rt:ss*r*gulatorsl c. What are ths m*thr:ds of *ontrr:iling *ntry of silt nt th* h**drv*rks of a canall {t}s Marks} ?.$ l-- I *;es:tr / l*, rl F{&Tg}*Att 0lMESl5tOru5 -*T Afif; lt{ s-*HTHg$ rI rS {wn $* *63 Smm $s *S"S !F** Ir .t rl !l I rYl I i $s * Fl* **..x**J W6 T! .r I {r i! 1 I Y !(r ss&rM&sN *.xp:.* $s.?$ rairmi$ $trrlr,r*a UFL{pT f,}RS$$LJft* fit&SS&ffi ilisQ3 ***,tr:i, ..i r:J" 2

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