6th semester Civil Engineering (2010 - December) Question Papers

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6th semester Civil Engineering (2010 - December) Question Papers

  1. 1. I il6il,Si $ixtk Sew:ect*r $"Xl" L)*gJne* ffixxrmin*rfi*ll, I)s*e*nher 2*I* ffimwirmxxxwwrxsml ffirxgimwmnimg - # l"irnc: 3 hrs Max. Mlrrks. I {X) N*t*: v{xswcr- *ry;. S?t/,& /x{l ry;**sf}**s, sr/ecfirg af fedsf TWd) qxrsff*nsJi"*:r*rr *x*k p*rt" I}A}TY *A d l) al" H.xplain th** r ilier*rrt types *lr,v*l*r ci*mand" Als* disr:uss thr} varirlrs lh*tor":i that alft:*t tlre () per capita denrilnr!. {l{} tu,Ixrks} ^* 6 t). lixpl*in the n*ed ulpr+l*ct*ci l/a.tL.r sxpply. {t}5 lXarku) $" Iixplitin the drinking waler qrurlitv stimdards ils pcr ltur*iiu oltrndian }it.and*rtis. {{}5 Marks} ,.1 l,isl. , a. the varinus methodsi *{for*r:arting pr:pr.rixl.i**. [:lxpiain ;rny tw<t o1 tit*ut. in deu,ril^ L {l {} iH*rks) !: y- u -f] b. Th* populatii;n {*11$us ofa city is given b*}nvr. li:lstirnate the pr:pulatiun by geffnetrical in,:r:eas* m*lli*rl, :r,:::":";:Y& 3P *^.,i| T ,P i:^ r N) 3*. l:,xplairr the f*llo*,in6 : Ui: i) Fir* ifern*ucl ii) $r:xrces o{"}v;rtsr 3h |r, I.,isi the v*lri**s t,sp*s r:lpu;rps Lls*d in wilt*r supply $y$t*ffi and explain $ny L:nr $llhcr:: la bri*11y. ,/ ai *. [.rh*i arir th* v;rrii:u,r r:rlr.ir:r{ives in rv*t*r qua.lity firi$riiscryrcuti I}iscr:sg. {{}X ltlarks) Uil b. l:xplain ihc flcrlit:*ing : {l? lH*rks} i) Iir*n*rni*ai diam*tcr *fraisirrg n:nin. s$ ii) i",k:alth signi{ir:un*r r} pr*s*n(:* *l- lluorid* nr:d nltr*tr: in rirink.i*fl rv;tl*r $),&{t} .. tr} i ^ a. i.ixgrl*iLr the purrpr:sc r:{aeratiou in rvllter trealnrcnt. Wlrrrt rtr* its lin:itati*nsl t*s Marks) x9 b. lleiiv rj* y*u classi{y th* s*ilim*nl*tion} l}ifIer*rttiat* hi:twe*n disur*tc p;u"ticl*s antl :.v Il*c*ulcnt part{cfu:s. (t){r Mnrkl} u .,: ..i L:. l:lxpl;rin th* fi)llilrvinp : i) frlnsh rnixir:1,, iii {.la.ril]rlcnlaf.i:r. l,I;rrks"l {{"}1} B. l:xpl*ir: in clelail d:* m*chanisn:l i:1" liltrntirn^ Alsr-r r:xplili* hri*ily titc r*tlitir*tn*:nt uf,*ancl used in r*pi<i sancl tllt*rs ane.l str*w sancl Jlltr:rs. {l{} &{*rks} h. l.)*sign a s*t *f"thr*r-r rapid s;rnci [ilt*r* i<x" treal,ing" thl* rvat*r" which lyls 1o su1:p]y t]:* ni*t*r **A to o t$ffil *f p*pul;rtion 1i)0*i)0. ller c;rpita d*marrcl *i" th* t*wn is 270 {p*e}. lh* i;ttr: r;l c., fi]trrrtir:nr:{rapiei s**d {i}tcrs nriry h* lak*n *s 45{i{l d#hr/.sq.rrr i}0 tutarksi {}]/ ri ^: ,*,{ ii. Wl.rxl i#{: Ihe lhr:t*rs u.hich a}.le*:tx {h* disinl**tir:n prlcr:ss? ilisr:uss irny ort* fit*tcr hri*llv. * {".{ {!{} ft4xrk.t} ; h. M*:ntitxr llt* atJrr*ntagr:s i*nti tiitiitJvirnlaji(s {)fdislini*ttitn hy oznni:ratiorl. {tr{} r{ark*} {t ;r. Lrit* sh*rt, n*t*s *n th* ti:lir:r.ving: 4t L i) Remr:val er hardn*ss bv li*:e-s*cia pr*cess (l* ii) Role o1 aclivetsd carbon in dr:inki*g wfltsr fr*atm*fii iii) f:lu*rielatir:n *nrf di:Jiu*rielai.i*n pruc*ss. (t? Marks) b" [,ist th* rrirri*us ]ttvr.luiu us*d in w*t*r distrilrutio* netwr:rk" I]iscr.:ss ix riu{ai}.:.r.:ry *nri ol tl:*nr. {{}s ft,Inrks} xs:,1**
  2. 2. USN It tt It 06cv62 Sixth $er*rsxt*r Ilogr*e Bxnrnin*tioxr, I)*ce6bsr 2tll,S XB.K. trexign erld Sranrins of RS Strust$res "Iime: 4 hrs. Max Marks: l0t) Note: I" Answer ilfiy TWOfutt questions,from F*rtA, and ONEfutt q*estion from Part B. di o J. ,druy rx*ssixg ttrit* m*y Se sl*i{n*fy *$$lrr}rsd -$" {/*"* */J,$ d.$d, SJt Jd *prne ittstl- U & ,x. "(! tlr :!s r,4IAT -A !(} .d, ,$ p I Frep*rs * Se$*ral layout showing the positinn$ snd shes nf colurnn* enii lo*ting to a suitable ss **ale f*r an industri*il building $"; A cl*.ar dime*sion o.f factr:ry shed {ler*r is 1 1 .?5 x I9 ?5 rn ,t &2 $pacing of columlrs 4 m cl* :-n BA Siu* of csl$mn 25* x 4{}0 mrnI, .r*t ut,ll TQ $pan *:f stesl trus$ 12 m */cl, . Ent dqr RCC rolunxi$ {rre pr*viil*tl at the gable wall sid*s and their sizc is 250 x 40S rnm" to bc!.,.1ll us provided at 4 rn c/c" 5l) ! t3 All the walls alround are 250 mrn thick .,(}F Se * 1.5 x 2.0 rn .4u Siee of for:ting lrg llhi*kness olfi:*ting 40f) nxn unifnrm .ilu -. * $epth ol f*unrl*ti*n I.? m br*i*w ground }ev*l, also sheri.v the lin* r:f ste*l trilss *n the trq 0is drarring. {?fi M*rks} *d {: I >€ PN {{15 .$ 0( A rectzurgula:" b**rn of crr:ss $*cti$n 3{}0 x 450 rnm is supporte*i *n 5 u*ltlmns which ar* -*: S i)P equ*trly sp**ed at a e/c clistance *{ 3.3 m. lhe columns lre *f 30(} mm x 300 mm i* ${scti*n. d; JO Th* reirfarssment e$n$ist$ *f 4 bnrs of?0 mm diamet*r (i- vs reintbrc*menf) itf mielspnn 4 bar* of 20 unn diamlltsr at all suppo{s ( * ve rsinfsrcem*nQ" 2 bars of *-ve . {}.6- tro" xEl and rein{i:rcement havs been curtailecl near e*uh supp*::rt. AnchCIr bars aro 3 no.,*16 mm *d *.9 eliameter" Stirrups are of I mm 2 kgg*d verric*l at. ?0(} mm c/c thr*ugh*ut" $r*rrle of 6r: Alj c*ficrete is M"20 anci t.ype r:f ste*l is F"e415..*raw l*ngit*ciinal sec{ion end important cro$s gil 6.x hr< *e*ticns. (2t) M*rks) ffri {} g *,) ;! q o- ;j Thc l}:plegged stair r;f * buiklir:g is t* b* pr*vid*cl in a h*ll meer*u:ing 2.75 m x 5 mclear Xil YL i) Th** huiglrt betw**n ll**rs is mts l.l u< ii) Waist slab thicknes$ l$ ?0{}.ml& . .;{ Cil iii):llke suppofiing wall shatl he ?30 *rm thick :]{} ivj Main sieel t2 mrn at i?0 mm c/c in waist slab anil lanclirrg x v) Landing slab p*rpendicular to r+trisr sl*b g {d vi) $istribution st**l I rnm at 1sti mm c/e ta * P Srsw to a suitable s*sle (l" tr)laxtlf stair" {*7 Marks} h. $**ti*nai e leveti fi n * f on* fi i gl, t showi:r g reinfixr;*:rien t. {(}7 Mrlrkx} [$ar bsncling s*hedule. : {SS Mnrlrs) {irad* *f c*n*rel* is M?{} and typ* af ste*l is }:* 415. I *fl3
  3. 3. {}scv62 PAITT * I} Decign a cantilev*r type retaining wall to retain a soil of height 3.5 m abeive gr*und le v*1. angle of reposc * 30" - 0 l"he SBC of soil = I 80 kN/m2 Ilensity of soil 16* kN/m3. / Co-ef{i*ie*t of kicti$n hetw*en wall anc} ground = 0.5, use M:s anel Fo ,ll S. {d{} Marks} ilraw th* following views :&- Crnss secli*n r:f retnining wall shuwing rr:in{orcemcnt <l*tails^ (lS Marhs)b. l,ongi tudi nal sec tion s h*wirr g cultai I n:ent. {!{l Mnrlm} Design a c*mhined lboting lbr two coiumns of siae 3CICI x 300 mm ancl 400 x 400 rrun *.nd suhjer:t*d t* 500 kN an<l 70il kN re$p*ctively. The columns are spa*ed *t 3.S m c/r:. lhe I width oi"funting is restricted t$ 1.5{} m. Dcsign slah and beanr rype enmSine4 fcxrting. "}-*rk* M?5 and Fe 41 5, and silcl of s*il * I i0 kNlm?" {40 Marks} Ilraw to {r suitahle s$*.1* :&. l,*ngituclinal ss*tion af the li:oting. ii5 Msrks)b. Cr*ss $e$ti$n cf the foclting. {t}$ Mark*} {e,t*3* ? cf2
  4. 4. ,i$H [r[:l-l-ITl i-i $ixth S*rn*st*r I*,S- fl)egx.e* [ixsrxnixtx€iq:mu $]***xrxfr:er *{}I* *scvs3 Yrmnxpsrts*$spxr ffi*tgimewnims * E$ Itrtim*::3 irrs. Max. Mur[.;.1{}0 I*tlt*: l. .{nswer any f{YtrJ}xfJ g*xr.s"#*rr*.r", s*lr*tir*g r*l Jea"cf fl$$/# qxescir:ns,S** *tlr& pr:rJ. J.,,{my rxl^s.sdng rfad* rmxy &e ss*d*Tl&fg *s.rrrJ$s*ed" ,i (J r* Il.A.i{x* A $ a" Montion th* r*quir*ffi*nts *{*rr id*al p*rman*nt wxy, r,vith * ne $t sk*tch. {*ii Mark*} b. &{*ntir:n ttr* Eiil[*r*nt S&uSe$ ti"ra{ *r* *s*d i* lndiun railways. l)is*u*s tl"r* tb*.t*:"s *.{T**ti::g s a *pti*r: *f e plirt:cular ga"igc. fi {*i }iinrks} o. Ci.:mp*"1"* b*twe*tt l:uil head**f rt:uhi* }:**<J*d ern* f lat {r.ri:tr*rl rxil.s. {*l5 h{xrks}&;r" ei. $ihat is cr:ni*S r:irvlr**i? Wh.qt .qrr.: thr-: ;:dv*.nt*S*$ $lo;**.in$ *{ wh*els? {*fi s,tar}is}e_^ii h. !:n*nterale the funclior":"r *isl*:t:persl {** &sxr}iv}r: OO: t. s. fi;rl*ulat* thu quantity of r*at*rials requir*d f*r thc* eonstr$cticr: ufbroat} g;*ig* tra*k *f l*ngth 19.5 krn usiug tl:r f*lkrwing dai.a. ; Rail secti*n : 52 kg,rlltanclrxci leng{}r i3 *r&li "pl*r:p*r density : rn t- { {*$ ${ririrx}s3s, :i F W&*l! ilr* ti:re.r:hjur:l,s *ipr*virting lri:nsiti*::: **rv*l }:i*rv rs rh* li:*gti: i:f li:*r:ii:ii*ij rri]:vrli sl : iieciderl? {ii? Mr*rk*}LQJ {r" l,hat is r:ren*t hy $up*r elryvatli**? Wit}r r;rs*al **!.*tir:rl rl*riv*l a}: e.{r}e$$ir:* Ii:r $u{}*r ,; .::H "13& r:ie:vatir,rii)n a ll.ff traek i;: iufni.tC;si;ccC iii k;iiph;.,r:<j raCix; rJ;ii crii"ic iil in*l*r:oi(* 1:" (CI? Mxrkx;$ ;il *; . *r-a S"{.};,3- cut,e? ihe .cquiiit,riffi* r.*iri* ir ;:r:r,rviii*et {i::" ;r sp**d *I }ii klxtir. i) *ai*ulat* th* v*lu* *:f *qi:ilibriurn 4S 6a LExc ":; -*;rn{ ii) Aii*rvitg e. nritxilrtll$t **ir{ ilefr*i*il*y" rvh*t lr:*i*id rc {h* n:ir:<irr*rrri p*r;:r:issibi,: sp**il $n tli{i tl"tt*k, i{i{i M*r}isi #,. w*}tat i* rrurxlraltring y;wd? fi,xpiair: ils w*rkillg, wirh a **at sket*h, ii)? ivixrks)$x-fr* b, Ilraw & ne*l skttch *tright-}:rxnd turnoul. l,ist the various csmporl&nrs ofturnq:*r" Sxplain th* wqnking prin*:i pl*" {{}T Martis}s1l c" Ceilcxlrt{.c ailth: r}eers$*ry *.l*ntenls t{} $(i i"r*l i: i i:i $$ x,x:ilr:r.rt. lakir;lj uil fi"i.,ii, ai r,:qL.tiit;*<} straiglit i:i.di. tr*r:.h" vnilh i:urv*.: litarti*g fir;:n the f"t:r: t.l" 1.i:* *witch, i ,:,. l;rnl{*ntiai l* ti;* Siarrg*la,: fa** *flh* r:u{*r rx*in r*ll a*ii p*ssr:* tkr*ugh il.r* *rr:r:r"sii**ii nr;x* *l. *::lrssing i.q. "iliil"i:t {iiv*n, }reci - riiv*.r8,**eq: (r{} ,,, } i4 *xn, {*S h{xriin}:<Lct. nrn)"r h ^i f,"rq ilL i -- t-!*K S &.. llis€uss rrith neat sketchcs, th* iliilbrent sixrp** *ri*pr*ri ihr ihe txnnei *{*$$ $*{tion"{# {*? Mrxr}rs} b. Whal arc the *Qi**tiv*s ol t*n"nel liningl llri*tly expl*in th* {nctors *rn which rh* Lhi*kxes*E of lining d*pends" {lts M*rkx} *. List t}:e rnnthr:ds of tunneling in hard rlrcks. lixplain th* h*neting *nd b*nch nrcthod. {0? M*rks) I ofZ
  5. 5. s6cv636&, fxplain tlle signifi*ance of rlifterent ei:*ract*ristic* *f an ait: craft. {l s Marks} 11" ,naiuner*te tlrJvari*us factclrs ts be c*nsider*d in the selection of suitable *ite fbr *n airp*:rrt {it} M*rksi fixplalh th* variaus factrrs wi-rich afTect th* trocati*ns *f exit taxiway, lfurhat d* you *nn5*rstnnd hy optirnuxl l*c*ti*:n *f exit t*xiwnyi tu{*rrki .. , {I$ n ilhc is 1S?0 lvl. Tks. *ir port sile has e!*vnti*n *f tcqgth oi n*n way *r:d*r st*nclard *rnditiein 17* ,t:r1. It* rgfer*no* t"*ffiper*tr:re is 32.$0.il. Th* nrn rvay is to he *$ltsinrr:t*cl with an *Jteciive gradi*nt of{}.?* p*roeilt.. I}*i.*rffiin* lir* cori:ec,ted rlrn w*y }erlgIh. {t{} &{*rks} hraw a,r:eat sket*h 1;f gx nrtificial ha"rbr:ur, explain the various *t:rnpr:w**ts (0s ${*rks} ilxpiain: i) Sreakwaters iii Qx*ys iii) Navigati*n*l ai*j:i iy) ilrry aixi ivet **t:ks {it &t*rki} ?rr{}
  6. 6. ts*ili-il:Lll-i-l-j I0 {}s{1v64 Sixth $emester I}-H- Ilegree Examin*ti*n, Ilec*mh*r ?0 $eotec$rnlcml Hngir"leerimg Il Max^ M*rl{"s:l {X) Time: 3 hrs. *J u Nrte:.1..4nsxrer *ry, fllPf:- {ull quesff*Ns, selccfimg *tleast }"H/$ ({. qruesffans from Jhrrl * A and Fart * B {t 2" Assunte arissiNg rfcfx, suiln}:Iy E ,t3 d:} FAI*:I .A $Q0 a. What are disiurhesl, undis{.urhed iurd r$Fr{:$entatir,* siunpies? I,ix;:lain hri*111 {${r h{*rks) b. The il:ner <ii*lnetrlrs of a silmpling tuilc ar:tl that-ola cutting edge ilre Tgrnm ancl SBmmrdu respocxivel)" th"i;; Al-*.i** *r* 72mm anii 74mm r*$poctiv*ly Der*rmin* the inside the results ({}s Marks}^^ ll oiulr**u, oot*i6**fA*ranse-ancl.area ra{e of l}re sampler. Cr:mment on.: cl *. Ily,*u**uirir* a Seismic refraction stuily, thc following data are *htained drffii: oii o) .llm* i; ie*u,as 0:025 o"q1 I I I qll 0:11 i 0:l? i {}3 "i-u ]-q! L"e!-- I Laq iirirtrffirlnsrdiljl- iiiiffi*i*rninr i) wavr: velocity I in *oil layers {.} y:I Seuphcrnes *r* ilG,i-ui:ltl*-in a ilraieht*"- (Utl Marks).E* ii) thickness oltoP $tratum. ii a, dr:ra.al.ering. F,xplain any t*tl rncthocls with neai sketches a. List rhe difler*nt metirods of il0 ilarkt)i:I} * methorj^ givcn th* folkrwi*g elatii :5u b. flstimate the ground wtter table lsvel by Ilvr:rslevs 76d< f:*ptl, uptr rihich w*lerisbr*iled6g[:::: Ii1n ; Wnlerri*e *n I dily" 0fl0nt Water *i**.rn II day=070m . Watsr ris* ern ltl dav = S60m k: {l{} Mnrks) >.e ss tli*ori*s of :U What *,re th* assumpriops *nd lirnitations *f Boussine$sc1s and Westergaorels (04 ikl*rks) fi $tresses in soil? b. A concentrated lq:ad 500k11 is applieci on the grounci surfacn Find the vcrlical stress {tt a t)?i (;"r " 0.{)). (t}4 iHarks} lu li: :^ ruilial ciisr*ncc *fsm ancl clupth tr0nr using wcstergerarcls th*erry c. cn**tru*t a Newmarks in{lucnc* c}"rafl kx on iniluenr:e *itlu* er{ il.005 i}sing tlre ub0vc {.finstructi}ci chan, cl*termin* tho vertical xtress at a depth *f Snr LU 3 €t (ru: to i1 rectangular area hx 3I)" Zr:r x 4m subj*ctr:tl t* * unilirrnrly riisr.rihutcd load of l0i) kPa al lhc norner o{"th* area M*rks) {12 hi :: o. ;U *>_ What is a fiow leti What ar:e ils clraracteristics emd us*s? (0ft Mxrkr) ci *. Jr( b. Hxpl*in with a nent sketch, Casagrancla*s gr*rphi*al m*thclcj r:ll*cating phr*afic line in an cruth dam with n pervious blanker at 1I:* deir.vnstrsam end. *: ni ({}tt l!{arus} ; with a h*rizr:ntal lilter ttncler th* 7 {;. An oarth dam is 6r"rilt *n an impervir:ux firurrclntiun <Jr:rwnstream slnpe.l^he hr:r"ie,r:nt*rl a.ncl vcrtic:$l pcri"nr:abilities *f th* soil ruelterial irr the rlam ;; ;; and Ix I0t rn/sei: r*spectively. I;ull rr*servtlir [*rel is 2{}rI i:hitv* trg-srnlsec dow*stre*rn filter. I;l*w net consists ol" 4 flow *hemnels ancl l5 *cluipotenlial {) drilps F (04&larks) Estima.te $ospag$ k:ss per meter length of the dnm I nf ]
  7. 7. $6{:V{t4 IXSI-{{.: $ a. iliiTi:r*ntiate r:r:iricully b{:tryeen }tankine"s ancl Couli:mbs thsories fi:r lal*ral carth pressure (()4 &ilarks) *factive t]. tixplain with u ncat {igure the step i:y step procetlur* of eleterurining thc nrag:litild* *arth pressrrre ftrr a granulitr snil with s1*pin6 bnck{iiI surface hy* tiuIr:rranns ntctltod {t}6 l}1*rks-} fi. Iixcavatiar:r was done filr a lourrd*tion trench in plastiu c:lay h*ving unit rleighl ?lkl{Inr Wiren clcpth of cxcavation rcach*d 8rn it faileci q:n thr: assunrpti<:1l tha{ r}r " 0. l)ctctrrir:c Lh* va.luc olcohosion *f cl;;lY. {t}? tu1rrks; A rr:{.aining rv*ll 8m irig,h suppotls a sandv hackfjll . rvith * [J (r , (] " 2.{r5 ,1, 10" prsssur* cliugrlint Sround **t*, tabl* is ?ni bcl**. th* grtund sr.u"filce. Ilrar.v tire activ* *arth and detenline tfis magnitude anrl pr:int *lapplicatinn ol bt;il active **rth plsri$ur*. vssum* soil ahr:v* tlie grnuld .vill$r ta$le has fl clg:grm ofslrtirrltign o{50% {$li Mrtrk*) a. Mcntion th* vari*us oilLrs*s ols}*;rc Iailurc. t;hat ari: l.hc llpes olslo1:r*: lirilurel }:r,ri:lain with n*nt shetches. {(}5 sl*rks) .f CA/ri b. )Ixpl*ig lhe lricriCIp circlc method r:f stahilitl, nnalysis lur slop*s wittr a neirt filli"lrcr An embankrnent is t* ir* 0$nslltlot*d with C )ilkh/rri? $ "" F"$ * 1.25 , l"luipJrt *, lilrn. llslirnat* requireii sirir: xlop*.laylors E6"D74. Dcfinc ultimate, n*t. sa{c anr} allouirhlc bearing cap*clt, {$4 Marks) b. Iixplain wirh a neat sketch, the e{lect olgrtund water table on bearir"rg c.apaciry*. ({}5 Marlis} L. A plate loael test was coirduct$d on s 300mm $quare plate and ths observcci scttlt:ntcnl {ari 1?lnm. What will $e tire cstirnatccl scttlcnrent J*r a sqrflrc t*ol.ing of sicle ?"*n:" t>n i)cohcsive soil. ii) ct:hesionless soil] .. (04 Mnrks) d. A squarc fo(}ting is to he u)iliitntot*d on a d*rp cl*1]r)sit of sancl at * tleplh o{t).9nr [o cirrry a dc,sign load ol:OOOI X. r,,ith a fuctur o{safbty ?.5, (}r(}tlncl wal.er t.trbl* nr*y rise lo grt:und l*r,,ei cluring rainl, $e&so:), l)esign tlrr: plan ditnensi*ns olthc {br:ting. gilen : y0,,1 * 20kNlm) , N(,, 25 , N,l .,, J.X N, - 12. {fi? Markr) .tl *. WI:at ilre lhe di{l?rent types *f settlsments off,ooting? F,rplain in bric{. ({14 Mrrks) b. D*t*r:ni*e rhe elastic $*11lemeili ola {iroting irn x 3m r*sting cx a sttntly si:il" fiiven IIr.45000 kN/m3, pl ,,,,,0.3, {htting*i:rries a lo*ct of ?000 ki- I* 0.8: Irigiil] (04 Marks) "lhr colttacl A eircular ti:*ting ?.rn rli*mr:t*r is r*sting un Lhc grilund surface. llrcssr"tre is 150 kllu. lhc suh*oiI *on:;ists of {inc sirrd *l6nr d*1rtir unri*rliiiti lly 4rn thick clay lnyr:r" "trhegr*urril tvater tabk: is lrr: hclo** grourtrl lcvel. t::rit weigltls tll {rn,: sarrd ;rh*rc irnd lh* pr$Ixirties t:{*lay belaw gr*unil war*r tnblc arc l?.6 ltNirnr anti 20 kN/ni3 respeotively. are : n$tural water contcnl 40t/o. Iiquitl lirr:it 45ttd , $ * 2.72. Lstilnat* the consolidation settli:m*nt {I? Marks) **?krt* I t.r[ )
  8. 8. :11 !t iI s6cv65 tlsr{ il II $lxsnx:lnxt$oxr, slet*ffiqb*r 2$X$ $ixtk sern*ster s,ffi. H}*gr** $rx"{gm*ilmxs Ksrg$memr$r*6 ame* s$ydrmus&$m s&rr***$r*s l"irx*: 3 hrs. L{*x" .Mnrkx:I0$ sY Iffi fixJf ryn*s$d*ns, sefer:ti*g *rfJ*c}s .,{ nsrpsr *ny t ?w {} o N (}t* : I qa*stionsjiuxt JPel* *- A sn$.P*rf * J3" o f d 2. tr)raw ne*r$ sJ*ef*&es. t#ftcrspsr reqeiired" e {d ,rs f*ffi":A i$6 Marksi it Deflns irrigatir:n *nd *xplain tht r*as*ns trrr *d*pting d.l d a. d) {{}6 I!1:rrks} l,ist tlre benefrts *f irrig*,ti*n" Is5 irrigation. List i1s *nd disadvanltts*$- *,. WitI nrat sk*khes, **f,t*in llnndh*.ra udvanteges ({}lt M*rk*) betweeT th..*-* i06 ft,lxrksJ/:6 B. Ee{ine d.*ry, de lta *ncl base perict{, obt*in the- relationship *^ ll SClr*t are its advantag*s? tr-ist s*me::of rota*t$n: {0S &{arks) f@.!4 h, D*fine rrnp r*tatlein ol.: (l f;iln;;;-ff;1*0 *.*u und* * **nul-*yur*r:r is is*t}fi he*tar*t" $*s* peri*ri, r. irrte**ily d".- . t. ---,.^ -r;il;;;-;;; l)*tr:ntinr: the clise h;irs* r*r ..- si;;,, iu rhe rahic b*l+w c., hbs va I|,[ilffi.--ori-,} 1{l$l ltd * r}t} Mxrlts} UC {{}{t-cq whieh th* cannl is ttr b* ct*si cE oi. Crnp.tt o o(i Kharif 3il do *f Merkl} fiive ih*l classi{i*ati** *f c*n*ls iixpl*in s*rlient katures *f each thr:nr" {S? 6{d Er s. ({}5 Marl*} $1* gp b.Writ*rh*st*psinv*lv*dinhyelrauliccir:signr:fanaqu*d*rt" riata r:sir"tg l-a**,vs silt th**ry I;ull *upply rr(( *. fle.sign an irrigatios *anal firr th* h:ll*wlnpi * lH : 2V discfrrg* * 35 cum*c, silt ia*tr:r "* f ! ;irle s!*pe 3{, or i{t8 mnr*,s) ,*(] (*S &{*rkl;} pi; &. witlr a,neat sk*tch, explain th* various storag* a$n*$ *f a ret*rv*ir {*S fi{xrh*} X{s ;, ;;;;il;i*r*s faotorc tc b* csnsid$red in telerting * site f*r a reservoir do ts* *. write the stE:$ inv+lved in the extirnati*n of : i) stnrage r:apacity $ia r*serv*ir using mass {{ift M*rlx} Bo i, t.=: ourvs li) Maxi*rum yielcl fnr * given ritorass l:v rvc L$ t&.R.I,.. Xi xs lroarl w*rk" {t$ i{arks} >.k {i" $k*tr;h and expl*in th* vsri*us c*finp$ll*nts erf a diverslon 3s* cw &:r w*ir failur* {t{} S{arkr) !i C b. Expl*in the ceruses sr:*l r*m*cli&l m*asur*s ii5 x,s {I$ Markr) r}. fixpl*in the *li{ferent m*c!c* *f lhilur* ofe gravity dam . ri . *-,,^-, f*ll*wingdata : n**ign tnd sk*tr;lr th* pr*r*tiralpr*file {: gti::Y*arn.fy;j* o- ot 11. ilf fi.il*"#li*; J"ilffi;"-; ni, Ir nrl r4805rn - * ; $pr*{fic s*i:v^,,?1,1:f - ;ni U ffi#-fffi ; :.ffdnlli1}*r*o * t * ; s;f- *,,,npr**riu$ str*$$ fbr m*sc*rv lzbilkH/m, 1t & tu{"r*Ir* {tr* &trxrkr} 7. of ex.rth*rt dan1s it* ${arkr) c 74. f,ixplai* briefly ruitl.r n*at sk*[eh*s, the c]iflbr*r]{ t}pes o, b" I)*frne the phreatic lin*- ilxpl*in h*w th* phrearir llnt: ix t{r*wn tbr * h*mrisq}n$sl}5 **rth*:"r dxnr l}t*rks} with downstrs&{r{ lrriria*ntaX filt*r {1* th* Frilsss*l rf n spiliway? $k*teh the dilTerent types *f spillways" D*fin* * spillw*y. wh*t are tl* ilt*rtus) b. f;xplain diflkrent typ*s i:f prr*t*ction fli:rilnsem*fits he}*w th* spiilw*y xgainut dis*lpttti*tt {t$ M*rk*} dcp*nding up*n lailwnt*r cunre *nd junrp helght *urvs ***.**
  9. 9. usiu i-f i*T l-li _J_l*,_ l_l i J ,il$CVci,fs# Li*.iiilur $efi: es$.+r dl " ii" iirl *ffi x"*e }1-d xat rn i in m t1i 6m, ;1-}e.r: :": rre i[: r:r, .r.4 E t; {E !ffi ss rsn $ &,Wmitmr,$ a* xe,m fr W #m mes$ .Sm lrn n&err* fr ss$? ,"1 1. I lll!q:".-, lri.- .b/l.*x. Murk.*:iiiii t1 iY,***: ..d,.pt;vrvs"r rrrey FTI4{,/irJaryr*esfd**es.o ,reJ**drrag.r*fd.rr;s i l"r{r} s * ,A amd S3*;rr"l * j$" ry,r**sdioxs,^P*rl* $};rrt € JlAffiH,:- .l!r "qi !"t o$t thsimportfflce of prcrt*ct*<i r.vater supply frir a rurai co:::munity. OX .i= n. b. tf*g are the basie $/hst {ss &itr.,rks} .;. investigations tc be p*rfbrmr,ri fbr a r*ra] water suprlly proje*t l4*: M*rtes) a). :r5 c- write l:riefl.y *n warter bornn dis*ases, SU {#5 Msrtr{s} 3v1liI ^A i:@ Strh*lt are th* v*lr!*us m*thi:cis *f riisir:fuct.inn? f;xplain their r*lativ* p*rits and eJ*rxo:r"i1.s.I f$ r* it" FI*w are $*or:id*, h*rdrrex* *nd irr:n r*m*v*i.l in tl: {l* IV[*rk*i (3# li$xrks) r* $ c{} IlNpiaii: tir.n fi:llowing : 7., &. 1wo pit latrines. F/ ,t {II u:r b. {.*ns*rva:r*y" l* l{ Itr c- S*ak pit. ..) (c0 4J d^ r{e1xa priqr,. 3* 6i {}{} M*rks} *r:: g &(ri &. lVhat *re th* $*luCIes *f gr*urrd.;r&t.sr c*ni*rninali*n? (*7 l?lxrks) rrd s< q) 6d lt. I{eiqv thestor:n iarater is tr*at*cl, quantit*tively and qualitative.ly? }Ixpl*rin, {0S lvil*rks} ,>- I r" ffirin$ *ut th* basic r*mpo*rrlr$ *f rai.n wa{er hai-v"*sting. ({}7 iY{*:hs} 6v E$l ^X 5al */#{fl*3} *t:: .?i a & Cl*s*i$ and explain c**tn:u*i**?:l* diseas**. that ar* rel*t*ri t$ lr,*rer arnd I:umlrn g {,} ti:fil: iiil;j I ;vlii r U , , 5d b" Hring *$t th* g*nert;r.l ineth*ds nnd pr*cautiq:ns to b* teken ii:*:rrJer to r:*ntr*l eomm;ni**iri* Ciseases. 1,,,rr,,,*r; $) ) O :,; &. I"i*rv rxl:hish is **1L:*t*d *r:id ctixpr:s*d? Il.xptaj;:. /i:! &/?,,-:,^ (tJi lYrltrl;131 651 b. Iixplain *+::rr*l!ed fippi::r51a:td i::*jn*r*ii** irr r*Jirse dispr:sal. 1*i tXur*ot (:z *. Ilri*g *xt iii* mici* "- ri*ir:g-v i{ir;lrilll;..ii;"rf . /1rli;ir.,^,r,--, i rr. ,::iil r r..J)/! l) ": a- fixplxi:n F*$tsur*si13;1. t.Vi:*t tii* ll:* *.ss,s::iial r*qilircrn**{* *f n:iIk *mrtil*ti*.:il iziart*) dJ {g;s o b" vvrit* bri*fT;, ** ; i) ceiii* b*rn* dis*ases i;) ltirgas pi*nt ji:ii c*r,v sf1sr1 Planning. {t-J }f*rksl {)- s ,1" lies*rih*: ix li*la;i- ii:r: ur*sss *;;ii li:r.ii.ri:l *i.n:ariari*. / l f l/ r: r.:.-.ri, t]. Sxplai.n bri*Iiy r>n Ll:r: liie r:-r,i:ie i;.* {l,r. }i*r,,, is l}y.c*rtroi cxsi*d *gt ; -.,,,,.i-..* .,- tti L:l:.J41.1i u.t..,", , ,^ ,..,i i l_l:1:r --.,^^rJ f ) ii irl rl rllt j
  10. 10. {}6CV66r $ixtk $em*sfer S.n" Ilegre* Examinati*n, Ilec*mber 2(}Ifi lUlatrix Method of $tructural Analysis ?-ime: 3 hrs. M*x" Marks:1t)0 F{t:ter J. X$"sxrer *Ny I;IVE fx,l,{ Ex*stiox$, $srcrrirrg nf Jecsr TW{} 4resfinn.r frorn eaeh p*rt" (, 2. Artctpt e{ement uppr**ck far Q"N*.1 *r fi,&r"tf" () {.} (€ I:ART. S Er r{ t a. $evelerp {lexibility m*trix frrr the b*am elemenl shown in }::ig.Q.1{aJ, witl: resp*ct t$ E ceffrdir,l*tes S, @ end ff. (I0 Mark*) {6 1S r s, ,lo t) !u L *:J.- $x A 1,8,1".& # --*O 0,.r 9 E<: h. find rnoment atAfbr a pr*pped r*$tilevw sh*wn in Fig.Q.l(b), by element approach. *tt ]reat Rsy [rs redunqlent. {I(} Marks) clo ,4& .= {"1 (s rt EEi a)&-c q, o7 Sr 4d A*alyze the conii*uous beam shown in I;ig.Q.Z, hy ii:rc* transfbrn"lation matrix rnr:thod. liU ilia.w. BMD arq$ $FD" {2$ Marks) {do o0c.sd { r *" -o ?d Fig.Q.2. .* n !6 :3ic {$ rEg^,e gvrl *-B 6,vn ?,& A C bs J{} r}* fi- Find th* forces in the mernbers o1a joint loaded as shown in lrig.Q.3, hy llexibility matrix tr,t 5.6 (}-: mnthod. I"ake OA as redundant. Area o1each memb*r (cls ar**) is given in par*nthesis.gOo{5 L 6i! o,E >-L Fis.Q.3Hllr{} :*aso->oa-.i r"i*) {?{} Marks)7*fr} Analya* ths L liar*e shown matrix method. Drs,v $Mt) and elastic curve. {?{} M*rks} I ofZ
  11. 11. ti6{:v65r 20lh,lu f Fic.Q.a, p.**-9ln**----* PART * B Analyz-e th* ctxtinu{:us b*anr siiorvn in frig.Q.5, [r_1, displacement traxsfurnratir:n rnatrix rnethod. I)raw I3MD. {2{} M*rks) foLrf* lzoL.l r ktl*l ll{ | +o sig.Q.5. , { svnt s,n , i ar : Qlrzr" ry @u, # On* ; Analyze thc frame shown in Fig.Q"6, by stitlness matrix m*thod. {.Js* elemext approach. Draw BMS. his.Q.6. ?ltl Using dir*ct stilliress matrix merhod, analy;;* the beanr shown ir: [ig.e.7. Draw llMI) and $FI}. {2{} Marks) rok,,l* 1 lrool" { *fui, Irig.Q.7. A @+* f @"" t O* **d. Assemble system stiftiress marrix [r.;] ro.a truss element by DSM. . Marks} {t}S b. Develop reduced stif-*ress matrix for a truss shown in lrig.e.fl{b). (I? M*rks) c - -*/?, rie.Q.8(b)"

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