16870343 erp-enterprise-resource-planning


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16870343 erp-enterprise-resource-planning

  1. 1. STUDY OF ERP Neha Khandelwal Arpit Khandelwal Rohish Yadav
  2. 2. <ul><li>A US $28 billion corporation with a market cap of US $31.5 billion and in the league of Fortune 500. </li></ul><ul><li>The Aditya Birla Group is anchored by an extraordinary force of 100,000 employees, belonging to 25 different nationalities. </li></ul><ul><li>In India, the Group has been adjudged &quot; The Best Employer in India and among the top 20 in Asia &quot; by the Hewitt-Economic Times and Wall Street Journal Study 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 50 per cent of its revenues flow from its overseas operations. </li></ul>GLOBAL VISION OF ADITYA BRILA GROUP
  3. 3. ♦ The world no. 1 in viscose staple fibre, ♦ The world's largest single location palm oil producer, ♦ Asia's largest integrated aluminium producer, ♦ A globally competitive, fast-growing copper producer ♦ The world's third largest producer of insulators, ♦ Globally, the fifth largest producer of carbon black, ♦ The world's eight largest producer of cement, and the largest in a single geography, ♦ India's premier branded garments player, ♦ Among India's most energy efficient private sector fertilizer plants, ♦ India's second largest producer of viscose filament yarn, ♦ The no. 2 private sector insurance company, and the fourth largest asset management company in India, ♦ The Group has also made successful forays into the IT and BPO sectors AN OVERVIEW ADITYA BIRLA GROUP
  4. 4. HISTORY <ul><li>The concept of ERP has been around since 1960’s </li></ul><ul><li>Five managers of IBM left , to start what is SAP(Syatem Applicaation Products) </li></ul><ul><li>SAP was the first company to invert ERP Software> </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>SAP was founded in 1972 as Systemanalyse and Programmentwicklung by five former IBM engineers in Mannheim. </li></ul><ul><li>The acronym was later changed to stand for Systeme, Anwendungen und Produkte in “ Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing “ . </li></ul><ul><li>Process industries, </li></ul><ul><li>Discrete industries, </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer industries, </li></ul><ul><li>Service industries, </li></ul><ul><li>Financial services, and </li></ul><ul><li>Public services. </li></ul><ul><li>It offers more than 25 industry solution portfolios for large enterprises and more than 550 micro-vertical solutions for midsize companies and small businesses </li></ul>WHAT IS SAP ?
  6. 6. ERP- Enterprise Resource Planning ( An Introduction)
  7. 7. Definition Of ERP <ul><li>Software solution that addresses all the needs of an enterprise with the process view of an organization to meet the organizational goals and integrate all the functions of the enterprise </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is ERP ? <ul><li>Facilitates Company-wide integrated Information Systems Covering all functional Areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Performs core Corporate activities and increases customer service augmenting Corporate Image. </li></ul><ul><li>Organizes & Optimizes the data input methodologies systematically . </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>MIS - Management Information Systems </li></ul><ul><li>IIS - Integrated Information Systems </li></ul><ul><li>EIS - Executive Information Systems </li></ul><ul><li>CIS - Corporate Information Systems </li></ul><ul><li>EWS - Enterprise Wide Systems </li></ul>Evolution of Business Applications
  10. 10. <ul><li>Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing Resource Planning ( MRP II) </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise Resource Planning ( ERP) </li></ul><ul><li>Other terminologies are : </li></ul><ul><li>Money Resource Planning (MRP III) </li></ul><ul><li>Supply Chain Management </li></ul><ul><li>Value Chain Management </li></ul>Evolution of Planning Systems
  11. 11. Why ERP ?
  12. 12. Competition In the Market! <ul><li>Manufacturing Challenges. </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing Globally. </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution network spread. </li></ul><ul><li>New Product introduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower manufacturing lead time. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on industry markets. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Satisfying the needs of customers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop specific business methods and processes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration with third party products. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Better products at lower costs </li></ul><ul><li>Tough competition </li></ul><ul><li>Need to analyze costs / revenues on a product or customer basis </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility to respond to changing business requirements </li></ul><ul><li>More informed management decision making </li></ul>Demands on the Industry
  14. 14. <ul><li>Unable to get accurate, timely information </li></ul><ul><li>Applications not complete for existing business practices </li></ul><ul><li>Modifications are time consuming or not feasible </li></ul>What are your Problems ?
  15. 15. ERP - The Enabler
  16. 16. What is that ERP enables ? Systematic Look into your Systems & procedures Optimizing the processes Enables you to adapt yourself to new technologies Discipline across the functions
  17. 17. What does ERP integrate ? <ul><li>Database </li></ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul>
  18. 18. What drives ERP ? <ul><li>Business </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Customer Satisfaction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Business Development - new areas, products, services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to face competition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Efficient processes required to push the company to top gear </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>IT </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Present Software does not meet business needs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legacy systems difficult to maintain, Y2K Problem , Euro currency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obsolete hardware/software difficult to maintain </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Subsystems of ERP <ul><li>Logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Of Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Sales & Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Master Scheduling </li></ul><ul><li>Materials Requirement Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity Requirements Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Purchasing </li></ul><ul><li>Shop Floor Control </li></ul><ul><li>Accounts Payable/Receivable </li></ul><ul><li>HR </li></ul>
  20. 20. Understanding ERP
  21. 21. Integration of Information Systems <ul><li>Local purchasing, invoice verification </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory management </li></ul><ul><li>Internal sales, shipping and billing </li></ul><ul><li>Profit/loss </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity utilization </li></ul><ul><li>Information Systems: </li></ul><ul><li>Project Mgmt </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Purchasing </li></ul><ul><li>Sales </li></ul><ul><li>Budget </li></ul><ul><li>Cash Management </li></ul>Manufacturing Head Quarters Marketing/Sales IS messages <ul><li>Sales, shipping and billing </li></ul><ul><li>Purchasing of trading goods </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory Management </li></ul><ul><li>Customer service </li></ul>IS messages
  22. 22. Definition of Business Intelligence Any tools enabling people to make better decisions and thus improve their business processes <ul><li>Decision support systems (DSS) </li></ul><ul><li>Executive information systems (EIS) </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Data mining </li></ul><ul><li>Early warning systems (robots) </li></ul>Examples:
  23. 23. Changes of Customer Information Customer Representative Sales Manager Credit Manager Increase credit limit Product Manager Launch Workflow Change customer master data Schedule customer visit Prepare production Please Accept my new order for 1000 more sets
  24. 24. Go Ahead with ERP
  25. 25. Business Process Re-Engineering ( BPR) <ul><li>In-depth study of existing systems/processes is required before ERP is considered. </li></ul><ul><li>This study brings out deficiencies of the existing system/process. </li></ul><ul><li>This study is called BPR </li></ul><ul><li>BPR attempts to re-structure and re-organize the human resources, functional areas, Man-Machine interfaces in the organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Hence BPR attempts to maximize productivity </li></ul>
  26. 26. Re-engineering <ul><li>Study the current system & Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Design and develop new systems </li></ul><ul><li>Define Process, organization structure, procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Develop/Customize the software </li></ul><ul><li>Train people </li></ul><ul><li>Implement new system </li></ul>
  27. 27. ERP without Re-engineering <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No visible changes in Functionality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users find it more acceptable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be completed within time frame. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost can be with in your control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact on Organization will be moderate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best Business practices would have been ignored </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stability of the system is known only in long run </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May not achieve Corporate wide systems integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New technologies have to be studied your self </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some functionality may be lost </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Re-Engineering -a part Life with ERP! <ul><li>Re-engineer process before going for ERP </li></ul><ul><li>Re-engineer during implementation of ERP </li></ul><ul><li>Re-engineer after implementing ERP </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous re-engineering through ERP </li></ul>
  29. 29. The USA Principle <ul><li>Understand, Simplify, Automate </li></ul>Understand Existing Practices Simplify Processes by Eliminating waste Automate the Process EDI ERP Eliminating Combining Rearranging Diagramming Story-boarding Brain storming
  30. 30. ERP Selection <ul><li>Check whether all functional aspects of your Business are covered </li></ul><ul><li>Check whether all the business functions and processes are integrated </li></ul><ul><li>Check whether all latest IT trends are covered </li></ul><ul><li>Check whether the vendor has customizing & implementing capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Check the Service options available </li></ul><ul><li>Check your purse & calculate ROI </li></ul>
  31. 31. Prepare Base for ERP <ul><li>Do not start without Management commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Allocate sufficient funds </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Core Project Team </li></ul><ul><li>Select specialists from all functional areas </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate and select ERP package </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate Implementation Partner </li></ul><ul><li>Make an Implementation Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Present plan to Management Committee for sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>Present plan to Employee groups for feedback/acceptability </li></ul><ul><li>Plan for User Training </li></ul><ul><li>Plan for Future upgrades </li></ul>
  32. 32. Define Requirements <ul><li>Determine the hardware required </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the existing Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Fine tune the processes to be in line with those of ERP defined </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze effect of system changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Prototype and present </li></ul><ul><li>Refine the prototype & freeze the specifications </li></ul>
  33. 33. ERP Implementation <ul><li>Commitment from Management </li></ul><ul><li>Form a task force with personnel from all functional Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Take care of Hardware requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Step-by-step rather than big-bang introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Be patient. ERP implementation takes Time. </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Project Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Business & Operational Analysis, including Gap Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Business Process Re-engineering (BPR) </li></ul><ul><li>Installation & Configuration </li></ul><ul><li>Project Team Training </li></ul><ul><li>Business Requirements Mapping to Software </li></ul><ul><li>Module Configuration </li></ul><ul><li>System Modification and Interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Data Conversion </li></ul><ul><li>Custom Documentation </li></ul><ul><li>End User Training </li></ul><ul><li>Conference Room Pilot </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Implementation Audit/Support </li></ul>ERP Involves
  35. 35. Advantages Of ERP
  36. 36. <ul><li>Advantages Of ERP Package </li></ul><ul><li>Highly based User Interface. </li></ul><ul><li>Zero Down time/ planned down time. </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics Readymade solutions for most of the Problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Only Customization required. </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of all functions ensured. </li></ul><ul><li>ROI earlier than the software developed in-house. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy enterprise wide information sharing. </li></ul><ul><li>Suppliers and Customers can be on-line communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge transfer between industries guarantees innovation. </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic adaptation to new technology. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Inhouse Development ERP package Project Development takes time . Ready made Projects. Reinventing the wheel. Needs only customization Process specific to your industry Best Business practices followed are implemented Documentation may not be present Documentation is part of system EDI implementation modifications EDI Compatible. Universally accepted to be taken care of Enterprise implementation is The package itself is designed as difficult as each unit follows Enterprise Package. different S/W option Latest Developments to be studied Constant Updates on Technology as and when they are introduced. and Processes assured
  38. 38. Summary <ul><li>Optimum utilization of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Customer satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Seamless integration between Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced overheads & inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Timely responsiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Market share & image enhancement </li></ul><ul><li>Faster design to manufacturability </li></ul><ul><li>Keep up with technology changes </li></ul><ul><li>Only way for integrated systems for a client with multiple locations </li></ul>