Language and Social Change: A case study of Hindi Film Lyrics


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Studying the relationship between Language and Social Change with special reference to Evolution of lyrics in Hindi Cinema.

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Language and Social Change: A case study of Hindi Film Lyrics

  1. 1. LANGUAGE AND SOCIAL CHANGE Case Study: Lyrics in Hindi Cinema
  2. 2. Language and Social Change <ul><li>Social changes produce changes in language </li></ul><ul><li>The link between language and social values is that of identity </li></ul><ul><li>As society changes, social values and linguistic values begin to diverge. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Language contains traditional values – this is what is implied in the ideas of social conditioning and social learning. </li></ul><ul><li>In a period of fast social change, chaos occurs as social norms are questioned, altered and perhaps even rejected. </li></ul><ul><li>Social change intensifies emotional responses </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>These new intensities bring forth creative abilities in art. </li></ul><ul><li>Art is the herald of linguistic change. </li></ul><ul><li>New art is born in the catharsis stage of social abreaction. </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual attempts to verbalise their meanings and to separate language values from social values. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The individual transforms his meanings into social values via language. </li></ul><ul><li>Values are incorporated into language before they are incorporated into social values. </li></ul><ul><li>To conclude, language and society are two planes, which are one in a static situation, and are separated from each other during the time of social change. </li></ul><ul><li>The pursuit of truth. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The case of lyrics in Hindi cinema <ul><li>Not an example of art, but a reflection of the popular style. </li></ul><ul><li>Always reflect the changes foreseen and envisioned by the revolutionaries of the past </li></ul><ul><li>As a result of newer subjects in cinema, lyricists forced to write in a language of the present. </li></ul><ul><li>We see influences of various styles of poetry right from the romanticist to the dadaist. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Change in lyrics <ul><li>Starting since the 40s, never remained the same for more than 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to employ words from English. </li></ul><ul><li>Change in the genres of music preferred, led to a change in the kind of lyrics written. </li></ul><ul><li>More emphasis on the pallavi, than was earlier in light music. </li></ul><ul><li>Lyric in popular cinema, is one of the end products of the change the society has undergone. </li></ul>
  8. 8. References <ul><li>Traditional Content and Narrative Structure in the Hindi Commercial Cinema by Gregory D. Booth, Asian Folklore Studies, Vol. 54, No. 2 (1995), pp. 169-190, Published by: Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture. JSTOR </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Literary Hindī by A. Barannikov. Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies, University of London, Vol. 8, No. 2/3, Indian and Irania. Published by: Cambridge University Press on behalf of the School of Oriental and African Studies. JSTOR </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>