FRANK O. GEHRY
BY:- SHIVANI CHOUDHARY
B.ARCH IV B
Born: February 28, 1929 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Birth Name: Frank Owen Goldberg.
Left Canada: Moved with his Polish/Russian parents to
southern California in 1947. Choose U.S. citizenship when he
Los Angeles City College
University of Southern California. Architecture degree
completed in 1954
Harvard Graduate School of Design. Studied city planning
for one year.
Personal Life: From 1952 to 1966, married to Anita Snyder,
with whom he has two daughters. Frank Goldberg's name
change to Frank Gehry is generally attributed to his first
wife's encouragement. Gehry divorced Snyder and married
Berta Isabel Aguilera in 1975. They have two sons.
CAREER OF FRANK GEHRY
Buildings: Frank Gehry established his Los Angeles practice
in 1962. Early in his career, he designed houses inspired by
modern architects such as Richard Neutra and Frank Lloyd
Wright. Gehry's admiration of Louis Kahn's work influenced
his 1965 box-like design of the Danziger House, a
studio/residence for designer Lou Danziger. With this work,
Gehry began to be noticed as an architect. As his career
expanded, Gehry became known for massive, iconoclastic
projects that attracted attention and controversy.
Furniture: Gehry had success in the 1970s with his line
of Easy Edges chairs made from bent laminated cardboard.
By 1991, Gehry was using bent laminated maple to produce
the Power Play Armchair. These designs are part of
the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) collection in NYC.
Memorials: The Eisenhower Memorial Commission choose
Frank Gehry's design for the Washington, D.C. memorial
honoring Dwight D. Eisenhower's command of the Allied
Forces in Europe in World War II and as the 34th
President of the United States.
Gehry Designs: Because architecture takes so long to become
realized, Gehry often turns to the "quick fix" of designing smaller
products, including jewelry, trophies, and even liquor bottles. From
2003 to 2006 Gehry's partnership with Tiffany & Co. released the
exclusive jewelry collection that included the sterling silver Torque
Ring. In 2004 the Canada-born Gehry designed a trophy for the
international World Cup of Ice Hockey tournament. Also in 2004,
the Polish side of Gehry designed a twisty vodka bottle for
Ice hockey tournament trophy
1929 Gehry was born on February 28, in Toronto, Canada.
1947 He moved with his family to Los Angeles.
1952 He married Anita Snyder.
1953-1961 Gehry apprenticed with Victor Gruen in Los Angeles
and with Andre Remondet in Paris, France.
1954 He recieved a bachelor of architecture degree from the
University of Southern California.
1956-1957 He studied city planning at Harvard University
Graduate School of Design.
1962 He founded his architectural firm Frank O. Gehry &
Associates in Los Angeles.
1968 He was divorced from Anita Snyder Gehry.
1972-1973 Gehry was assisant professor at the University of
1974 He was elected to the College of Fellows at the American
Institute of Architects.
1975 He married Berta Aguilera.
1976 He was visiting critic at Rice University.
1977 Gehry recieved the Arnold W. Brunner Memorial Prize in
Architecture from the American Academy and Institute of
Arts and Letters.
1977-1979 He was a visiting critic at the University of
1979 He held the William Bishop Chair at Yale University.
1982 He held the Charlotte Davenport Professorship in
Architecture at Yale University. He held this position again in
1985 and 1987-1989.
1983 Gehry was visiting critic at Harvard University.
1984 He was the Eliot Noyes Chair at Harvard University.
1986 A retrospective exhibition of Gehry's work was held at
the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, and traveled to Atlanta,
Huston, Toronto, Los Angeles, and New York.
1987 He was a Fellow of the American Academy and Institute
of Arts and Letters.
1989 He was an assisant professor at the University of
Southern California. He recieved the Pritzker Architecture
1991 Gehry was a trustee of the American Academy in Rome.
1992 He was a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and
1994 Gehry received the Wolf Prize in Art (Architecture) and
the Praemium Imperiale Award in Architecture by the Japan
He received the Dorothy and Lillian Gish Award for Lifetime
Contribution to the Arts.
1996 He received the title of Academician by the National
Academy of Design.
1996-1997 He was a visiting scholar at the Federal Institute of
Technology in Zurich, Switzerland.
1997 He received the Friedrich Kiesler Prize. He was an
honorary consul of the city of Bilbao.
1998 He was an Honorary Academician at the Royal Academy of
Arts and a visiting professor at the University of California. He
received the gold medal at the Royal Architectural Institute of
1999 He received the American Institute of Architects gold
medal for lifetime Achievement.
2000 Gehry received the british architects gold medal from the
2004 he received the Royal Fine Art Comission's British Building
of the Year award for Maggie's Centre in Dundee, Scotland.
Gehry was chosen to design the Performing Arts Center at
Ground Zero in New York City.
1977: Arnold W. Brunner Memorial Prize in Architecture,
American Academy of Arts and Letters
1989: Pritzker Architecture Prize
1992: Wolf Prize in Art, the Wolf Foundation
1992: Praemium Imperiale Award, Japan Art Association
1994: Dorothy and Lillian Gish Award for lifetime contribution
to the arts
1998: National Medal of Arts
1998: Friedrich Kiesler Prize
1999: Lotos Medal of Merit, Lotos Club
1999: Gold Medal, American Institute of Architects
2000: Lifetime Achievement Award, Americans for the Arts
More than 100 awards from the American Institute of
Numerous honorary doctorates and honorary titles
1. 1967: Merriweather Post Pavilion, Columbia, Maryland (first Gehry structure reviewed
by The New York Times)
2. 1978 and 1987: Gehry House (Gehry's private home), Santa Monica CA
3. 1993: Weisman Art Museum, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
4. 1997: Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain
5. 1999: Maggies Centre, Dundee, Scotland
6. 2000: The Experience Music Project (EMP), Seattle, Washington
7. 2001: Fisher Center for the Performing Arts, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, NY
8. 2004: MIT Stata Complex, Cambridge MA
9. 1989-2004: Walt Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles CA
10. 2004: Jay Pritzker Music Pavillion, Chicago, Illinois
11. 2005: 'MARTa' Museum, Herford, Germany
12. 2007: IAC Building, New York City
13. 2008: Serpentine Gallery Pavilion, Kensington Gardens, London, UK
14. 2010: Dr Chau Chak Wing Building Design, the "Treehouse,", University of Technology,
15. 2011: New York By Gehry, New York City
16. 2014: Biomuseo, Museum of Biodiversity, Panama City, Panama
MERRIWEATHER POST PAVILION,
Merriweather Post Pavilion is an outdoor concert venue nestled
within the 40 preserved acres known as Symphony Woods,
conveniently located in the Baltimore/Washington corridor in
Columbia, Maryland. Originally built to be the home of the National
Symphony Orchestra, Merriweather was designed by the renowned
architect Frank Gehry. The natural outdoor setting, the state-of-
the-art sound system and large video screens make this
amphitheatre a favorite for bands and fans.
GEHRY HOUSE (GEHRY'S PRIVATE HOME)
Frank and Berta Gehry bought a pink bungalow that was originally
built in 1920. The original structure is the conventional two-storey
bungalow with framing. Some interior finishes have been stripped
to reveal the support of the structure inside the residence. The
bearing wall is raised inner and outer structural frames wooden
support beams, girders and joists.
Concept: Frank Gehry said "... I loved the idea of leaving the
house intact ... I came up with the idea of building a new home
about. We were told there were ghosts in the house ... I decided
they were ghosts of cubism. Windows ... I wanted to make them
look like they're dragging. At night, since the glass is tilted
reflect light ... So when you are sitting at this table all these cars
are passing by, you see the moon in the wrong place ... the moon is
there but it reflects here ... and you think it's there and do not
know where the hell are you ... “
The architect explains: "... Armed
with very little money I decided to
build a new house around the old
and try to maintain a tension
between the two, making one define
the other, and making them feel
that the old house was intact within
the new, from the outside and from
the inside. These were the basic
objectives ... "
Materials: It makes use of unconventional materials such as
fences with trellis, glass inner wire and corrugated metal
sheets, wood framing, corrugated steel, plywood and light wood
WEISMAN ART MUSEUM, UNIVERSITY OF
The museum's current building, designed by renowned architect
Frank Gehry, was completed in 1993. The stainless steel skin was
fabricated and installed by the A. Zahner Company, a frequent
collaborator with Gehry's office.
It is one of the major landmarks on campus, situated on a bluff
overlooking the Mississippi River at the east end of
theWashington Avenue Bridge. The building presents two faces,
depending on which side it is viewed from. From the campus side,
it presents a brick facade that blends with the existing brick and
sandstone buildings. On the opposite side, the museum is a
playground of curving and angular brushed steel sheets. This side
is an abstraction of a waterfall and a fish.
GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM, BILBAO, SPAIN
The work of American architect Frank O. Gehry, the Guggenheim
Museum has played a key role in the urban revitalization and
transformation of the area, in addition to becoming the symbol of
the city of Bilbao, Spain.
It is situated on a plot of 32,500 square meters, of which 24,000
square meters are occupied by building. 9,066 square meters are
devoted to exhibition spaces.
Concept: The design of the building follows the style of Frank
Gehry. Inspired by the shapes and textures of a fish, it can be
considered a sculpture, a work of art in itself. The museum is
essentially a shell that evokes the past industrial life and port of
Bilbao. It consists of a series of interconnected volumes, some
formed of orthogonal coated stone and others from a titanium
dkeleton covered by an organic skin. The connection between
volumes is created by the glass skin. The museum is integrated into
the city both by it height and the materials used. Seen from the
river, the form resembles a boat, but seen from above it
resembles a flower.
Structure: The building is built with load-
bearing walls and ceilings, which have an
internal structure of metal rods that form
grids with triangles. The shapes of the
museum could not have succeeded if it did
not use load-bearing walls and ceilings.
Catia(three dimensional design software)
determined the number of bars required in
each location, as well as the bars positions
and orientations. In addition to this
structure, the walls and ceilings have
several insulating layers and an outer
coating of titanium. Each piece is unique and
exclusive to the place, determined by Catia.
Materials: Built of limestone, glass and
titanium, the museum used 33,000 pieces of
titanium half a millimeter thick, each with a
unique form suited to its location. As these
pieces are so thin, a perfect fit to the
curves is necessary. The glass has a special
treatment to let in the sun's light, but not
MAGGIES CENTRE, DUNDEE, SCOTLAND
The Maggie’s Centre is very much on a domestic scale, with a floor
area of 250m2 and around the size of a large bungalow.
It includes an information library, a kitchen, sitting room, large
relaxation common room, and two small consultation rooms.
Structure: Stability for the remainder of the single-
storey structure was achieved by tying the square
hollow sections to the walls. These are all curved on
plan, and are constructed in brickwork. This was for
two reasons: firstly, some of the walls are to small
radii which was not easily achievable in blockwork, and
secondly there was a need to minimize control joints.
To maintain uniformity of beam sizes, raking kickers
were provided to minimize overhang deflections.
The tower was designed as a separate structure,
inherently stable in its own right.
WALT DISNEY CONCERT HALL, LOS
The Walt Disney Concert Hall, designed by the architect Frank
Gehry, opened in 2003 after many years of gestation.
The history of the building began in 1987 when Lillian Walt
Disney, widow of businessman donates $ 50 million to start
building a philharmonic hall. The idea was to create a reference
point for music, art and architecture, which position the city of
Los Angeles in the cultural level.
Concept:The design represents the style of their creator,
architect Frank Gehry, could be considered a work of art in
itself. The extravagance of its forms seems to defy any rules of
harmony and symmetry. The forms are external inspired by a
boat with sails drenched.
The building is essentially a shell which consists of a series of
interconnected volumes, some form of orthogonal coated stone
and other forms of organic and surfaces covered with a
corrugated metal skin of steel. As a bridge between the
different volumes are used glazed surfaces.
The centerpiece of the interior of the building was designed to
represent the hull of a boat. The idea of the architect was to
design a room with an evocative sculptural forms of music,
achieving an intimate connection between the orchestra and
The building also fulfills an important role in urban areas.
Structure:To calculate the complex shapes of the
curves Walt Disney Concert Hall was used to Catia
software. This allowed us to determine the structure
and shape of each piece of steel that covers them.
Materials:To coat the outer surfaces were used
corrugated 12,500 pieces of steel together on the
outside. No two equal parts, as each piece takes a
unique form of agreement to their location.
In areas outside of regular forms, the stone was used.
Glass surfaces function as a liaison between the various
The interior of the auditorium and rooms, is lined with
fir wood. This is the same type of wood that is used in
the back of violoncelos and violas. Here was used in
floors, walls and ceilings.
o Frank Gehry By Caroline Evensen Lazo