Vitamins

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Vitamins

  1. 1. vitaminsBYT.SHIVA KUMARB.PHARM(SHIVA.PHARMACIST@GMAIL.COM)
  2. 2. HISTORY In ancient days vitamins are known as vitamines i.e viatal amino acids. But later they realised that all the vitamins are not aminoacids. Some vitamins are amino acids but all the amino acids are not viatamins.
  3. 3.  Each vitamin has its own significant historical background. H.J. funk has coined the term vitamns. Even though vitamins are very less in requirement but they play very significant role in our body growth , and regulation of different metabolic functions.
  4. 4. Introduction Vitamins are the organic compounds which enhance the metabolism of protiens, carbohydrates and fats. Without vitamins the breakdown of food could not occur. Certain vitamins are participate in the formation of blood cells hormones nervous system and genetic material
  5. 5. Classification of vitamins Based on the solubility…. Vitamins are devided into two types. # fat soluble # water soluble
  6. 6. WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS These are the vitamins, which are soluble In the water and almost all the water soluble vitamins are available in water based food materials(source) The vitamins are Vitamin-B Vitamin-C
  7. 7. Fat soluble vitamins All the fat soluble vitamins are available in fat containing food materials and some vegetables.(source). The fat soluble vitamins are Vitamin-A Vitamin-D Vitamin-E Vitamin-K
  8. 8. The following slidesexplains about 1-synonym (chemical/scientific name) 2-source 3-deficiency diseases.
  9. 9. FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS Vitamin-A  1.Retinol,anti xerophtholmic vitamin. 2.codliver oil,fish,carrots. 3.nyctalopia(night blindness),xeroptholmia.
  10. 10. Vitamin-D 1.calciferol, sunshine vitamin. 2.egg,soyabeans,codliver oil,sunlight(partial). 3.rickets,osteomalacia.
  11. 11. Vitamin-E 1.Tocopherol,. 2.meat,tomatoes,sunflower oil,vegetables 3.Mild haemolytic anaemia
  12. 12. Vitamin-K 1.anti sterity vitamin, Anti haemorragic vitamin 2.spinach,egg yolk,liver. 3.Impaired Blood Clotting,sterility
  13. 13. WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS VITAMIN-C 1.ascorbic acid 2.All Citrous Fruits 3.scurvey
  14. 14. Vitamin-B Vitamin b is usually called as b-complex because ther are many sub-vitamins in vitamin B. Another reason is the chemical structure of b- vitamins are very complicated to explain and their complex nature brought the name as b- complex(this is the well known theory but there is no official recognition of this reason just an assumption from olden days)
  15. 15. Vitamin-B1 1.thiamin 2.whole garains and legumes 3.beri-beri
  16. 16. Vitamin-B2 1.riboflavin 2.cheese,eggs,milk,yogurt. 3.fissures in the corners of the mouth,inflammation of the tongue.
  17. 17. Vitamin-B3 1.niacin,nicotinic acid 2.peanuts,cereals,legulmes 3.pellagra,skin infections
  18. 18. Vitamin-B5 1.pantothenic acid 2.liver,kildney,dairy products. 3.parasthesia
  19. 19. Vitamin-B6 1.pyridoxine 2.banana,vegetables,fruits 3.convulsions in infants,anaemia(because vit- b6 plays an important role in the formation of haemoglobin)
  20. 20. Vitamin-B7 1.biotin 2.raw eggs,egg yolk. 3.dermatitis,enteritis.
  21. 21. Vitamin-B9 1.folic acid .fruits,green leafy vegetables 3.megaloblastic anaemia, birth defects in new born babies(neural tube defects)
  22. 22. Vitamin-B12 1.cyanacobalamine 2.liver and heart of ruminant animals 3.perinicious anaemia, megaloblastic anaemia.
  23. 23. THAK YOU PLEASE SEND YOUR SUGGESTIONS AND QUIRIES at. Shiva.pharmacist@gmail.com

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