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  2. 2. NUTRACEUTICALSLet Food be Your Medicine
  3. 3. An Apple a Day Keeps the Doctor Away
  4. 4.  Greek Physician Hippocrates, Known as father of Medicine. (said several centuries ago) “Let Food be Your Medicine”The Philosophy behind is: “Focus on Prevention”
  5. 5. Nutraceutical can be defined as The term “Nutraceutical” was coined from“Nutrition” & “Pharmaceutical” in 1989 by StephenDeFelice,MD, Founder and Chairman of the Foundation forInnovation in Medicine (FIM). “A food or part of food or nutrient, thatprovides health benefits, including theprevention and treatment of a disease.”
  6. 6. “ A Diet supplement that delivers a concentrted form of a biologically active component of food in a non food matrix to enhance health”. “Health promoting compounds or products that have been isolated from food sources.”
  7. 7. Broadly can be defined as:Nutrients: Substances which have established Nutritional functions e.g. Vitamins, Minerals, Amino Acids, Fatty acids, etc.Herbals/ Phytochemicals: Herbs or Botanical productsDietary Supplements: Probiotics, Prebiotics, Antioxidants, Enzymes, etc.
  8. 8. CLASSIFICATION:I.Based on the beneficial ingredient:• Anti oxidants,carotenoids• Dairybased ingredients• Minerals• Probiotics and Prebiotics• Proteins Peptides Aminoacids• Soyabased ingredients
  9. 9. II. Based on Therapeutic Use: Nutraceuticals• For bone &joint health- fish oils• For Migrane risk reduction- tea• For Cancer risk reduction- soy• For Eye health- leutin• For Diabetes- fenugreek
  10. 10. LYCOPENELatin name : Lycopersicon ELocal name : TomatoParts used : FruitsUses : Antioxidant, Food colouring, Very important for optimum health
  11. 11. LEUTINLocal name : MarigoldFamily : AsteraceaeUses : Prevents the cataract, Protects macula of eye
  12. 12. NUTRIENTSMost common Nutrients used/ supplemented as Nutraceutical are: Minerals and Vitamins. or in combination or in combination with other antioxidants
  13. 13. Health Benefits of different common nutrients VitaminsFat Soluble Vitamins Vitamin A: Acts as antioxidant, essential for growth and development, maintains healthy vision, skin and mucous membranes, may aid in the prevention and treatment of certain cancers and in the treatment of certain skin disorders.
  14. 14. Vitamin D: Essential for formation of bones and teeth, helps the body to absorb and use calciumVitamin E: Antioxidant, helps to form blood cells, boosts immune systemVitamin K: Essential for blood clotting
  15. 15. Water Soluble VitaminsVitamin C: Antioxidant, necessary for healthy bones, gums, teeth and skin. Helps in wound healing, prevent from common coldVitamin B 1: Helps in carbohydrate metabolism, essential for neurological function.Vitamin B 2: Energy metabolism, maintain healthy eye, skin and nerve function.
  16. 16. Vitamin B 3: Energy metabolism, brain functionVitamin B 6: Helps to produce essential proteins, convert proteins to energyVitamin B 12: Help in producing genetic material, formation of RBC, maintenance of CNS, synthesis of amino acids, involved in metabolism of protein, fat and carbohydrate.
  17. 17. HerbalsAloe vera: Anti-inflammatory, emollient, wound healing,Garlic: Antibacterial, antifungal, antithrombotic, antiinflammatory,Ginger: carminative, antiemetic, treatment of dizziness
  18. 18. Green tea: Antioxidant, reduces risk of CVD, enhances humoral and cell mediated Immunity,Vegetables, fruits, whole grain, herbs, nuts and various seeds contain an abundance of phenolic compounds, terpenoids, sulphur compounds, pigments etc. that has been associated with protection / treatment of certain disease conditions,
  19. 19. PhytochemicalsPhytochemicals could provide health benefits as;• Substrate for biochemical reactions• Cofactors of enzymatic reactions• Inhibitors of enzymatic reactions• Absorbents that bind to & eliminate undesirable constituent in the intestine• Scavengers of reactive or toxic chemicals
  20. 20. • Enhance the absorption and / or stability of essential nutrients• Selective growth factor for beneficial bacteria• Fermentation substrate for beneficial bacteria• Selective inhibitors of deleterious intestinal bacteria
  21. 21. CONCLUSIONNutraceuticals are present in most of the food ingredients with varying concentrationConcentration, time and duration of supply of nutraceuticals influence human healthManipulating the foods, the concentration of active ingredients can be increasedDiet rich in nutraceuticals along with regular exercise, stress reduction and maintenance of healthy body weight will maximise health and reduce disease risk