Title:- Organic FarmingMovement-It Is Necessary or luxuries In Development Country like India. Presented By Arjun Sharma Vikram Shedge Janhavi Shinde
Introduction• The organic movement was began in the 1930s and 1940s and Sir Albert Howard is concered as father of organic farming.• India is agri country where agriculture contributes to about 14.6% of GDP and support over 58% of nation population .• The market of organic food is increases 20 to 22% per year.• Organic farming doesn’t mean going back to traditional method , in this farmer creates a healthy balance between nature and farming .
Why farm organically?• Organic farming provide long term benefits to people and environment.• Organic farming aims to increase long term soil fertility .• control pest & disease without harming environment .• need of organic farming in India arises due to unsustainability of agril. Production & damage to environmental system .• Ensure that water stays clean & safe .
Material used in organic farming• Compost (e.g. vermicompost , phospho-compost )• biofertilizer (e.g. Rhizobium , Azatobactor , PSB)• Green manuring• Crop rotation• Trap cropping• New generation biotech organic inputs
Principles of organic farming• produce food of high nutritional quality• to maintain & increase long term fertility of soil .• to control water pollution .• for getting foreign exchange .• it dosen’t disturb food chain .
Market for organic produce• Some companies are came forward for export of organic produce as follows,• Weikfield product co. , pune• Tata tea pvt. Ltd. , Kerala• Amruta cashew industries , Sindhudurg• ajanta industries , Goa
• Some states which promotes organic farming as like sikkim going to be a 100% organically farming state.• In maharashtra Nashik , pune•
Success stories• Aditi Green Organic Farms Pvt Ltd Thane is the First Agriculture company to be run by a farmer and products supplied to the end consumer without Middlemen• Established in the year 2010 are engaged in producing and exporting pure & free from chemicals Organic Fruits and Vegetables.
Success stories• Vasudha founded by pratibha in 1999 with 475 farmers and 5000 acre,the vasudha project amis to expand organic cotton farming culture in india.• Today vasudha has 30,000 farmers across 475 village covering 130,000 acres land.
Disadvantages of Chemical Farming:• 1.Chemical fertilizers and pesticides:• a) Soil loses fertility. b) Destroys the biodiversity – pesticides destroy the other friendly creatures along with enemies of the crop. c) Increased expenses year after year. Since there is a need to use more fertilizer this year compared to last year• d) Polluted food – Food contains chemical residues. e) Degrades body health. f) Unnecessary dependency of farmers on corporate industry which produces the fertilizers and pesticides, destroying the self sufficiency of farmers.
ENDOSULFAN• . Endosulfan affects nervous system of even during gestational.• Endosulfan affects reproduction.• Endosulfan is genotoxic, cytotoxic and mutagenic.
AGNIHOTRA FARMING• As fertilizer you can use dung , compost or any other organic manure. Alongwith sowing make arrangements to perform sunrise –sunset Agnihotra on the farm.• To facilitate this, erect a small platform in the centre of the farm for performing both times Agnihotra regularly.• Right from sowing till harvesting Agnihotra has to be performed regularly on the farm.• Agnihotra Ash spray it on the entire farmland before sowing the crop.• The first experiment on Agnihotra Farming was conducted in village Mugaliyahat near Bairagarh, Bhopal in the year 1978.
GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS• There are many governmental agencies that are responsible for the regulation of organic foods.• The USDA is the chief department that defines what makes a product organic and regulates organic claims on packaging.• Two divisions within the USDA that deal with organic foods are the Agricultural Research Service (ARC) and the National Organic Standards Board (NOSB)