Compound words

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Compound words

  1. 1. COMPOUND WORDS SHINTA ARI HERDIANA
  2. 2. Compound Words Compound words are formed when two or more words are put together to form a new word with a new meaning. Compounds are written sometimes as one word (sunglasses), sometimes as two hyphenated words (life-
  3. 3. Compound words fall within three categories and it’s not unusual to find the same word in more than one group. Here are the three types of compound words with an explanation and examples of
  4. 4. 1. Closed compound words are formed when two unique words are joined together. They don’t have a space between them and they are the type that generally comes to mind when we think of compound words. For example: • • • • • • • • • • • • • Cannot Baseball Fireworks Grandmother Elsewhere Upside Together Sunflower Crosswalk Become Basketball Moonlight Football • • • • • • • • • Railroad Anybody Weatherman Skateboard Earthquake Everything Sometimes Schoolhouse Upstream
  5. 5. • I love the fireworks on the fourth of July. • Make sure you hold hands when you come to the crosswalk. • The ocean was bathed in moonlight. • Did you hear amount the terrible earthquake? • The fireflies buzzed in the night sky.
  6. 6. 2. Open compound words : have a space between the words but when they are read together a • Ice cream • new meaning is formed: • Full moon Grand jury • Attorney general • Cave in • Half sister • Post office • • Real estate • Middle class Examples : •Ice cream is my favorite dessert. •The line at the post office snaked all the way out the door and around the corner. •Rhonda is my half sister. •There must be a full moon out tonight.
  7. 7. 3. Hyphenated compound words are connected by a hyphen. To avoid confusion, modifying compounds are often hyphenated, especially when they precede a noun such as in the case of part-time teacher, high-speed chase, and fifty-yard dash. One-half Mother-in-law • Eighty-six • One-third Merry-go-round • Well-being Mass-produced Over-the-counter Daughter-in-law • • • • • • •My mother-in-law is coming for a visit. •The merry-go-round at the carnival thrilled Ella. •Some over-the-counter drugs can have serious side effects. •If you’re concerned for your well-being make sure you eat healthy foods and get plenty of exercise.
  8. 8. Compound Nouns may be formed from 1. Noun + Noun: Chess Board Chessboard Moon Light Moonlight Mail Box Mailbox Post Man Postman Rail Way Railway Tooth Brush Toothbrush Girl Friend Girlfriend Butter Milk Buttermilk
  9. 9. 2. Adjective + Noun: Soft Ware Software Red Head Redhead Quick Silver Quicksilver Green House Greenhouse Short Hand Shorthand Noble Man Nobleman
  10. 10. 3. Verb + Noun: Break Fast Breakfast Dare Devil Daredevil Pop Corn Popcorn Make Shift Makeshift Hang Man Hangman
  11. 11. 4. Gerund + Noun: Drawing Room Drawing-room Writing Desk Writing-desk Looking Glass Looking-glass Walking Stick Walking-stick Blotting Paper Blotting paper
  12. 12. 5. Adverb(or Preposition) + Noun: Out Outlaw Outlaw After Thought Afterthought Fore Thought Forethought Over Coat Overcoat Down Fall Downfall After Noon Afternoon In Mate Inmate By Pass By pass
  13. 13. 6. Verb + Adverb: Draw Back Drawback Lock Up Lock-up Go Between Go-between Die Hard Die-hard Send Off Send-off
  14. 14. 7. Adverb + Verb : Out Set Outset Up Keep Upkeep Out Cry Outcry In Come Income Out Come Outcome Out Put Output
  15. 15. THANK YOU

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