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Microbiology lecture 3

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Microbiology lecture 3

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Microbiology lecture 3

  1. 1. Ayesha Ambreen Characteristics Of Bacteria ‫ات‬‫ی‬‫ص‬‫صو‬‫خ‬‫مومی‬‫ع‬‫کی‬ ‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬
  2. 2. Spore Formation ‫ی‬‫ن‬‫ع‬‫ی‬ ‫و‬‫ت‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ے‬‫ات‬‫ح‬‫و‬‫ہ‬ ‫ق‬‫ف‬‫موا‬ ‫ہ‬‫ن‬‫ت‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ح‬‫کے‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ب‬‫ج‬‫ود‬‫موج‬ ‫ن‬‫روج‬‫ی‬‫ائ‬‫ی‬‫اور‬ ‫ن‬‫ارب‬‫ک‬ ‫ب‬‫ج‬ ‫و‬‫ت‬‫ے‬‫وت‬‫ہ‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ن‬((Clostridia and Bacillus‫آپ‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫کو‬ Spore‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ی‬‫ل‬ ‫کر‬ ‫ل‬‫ی‬‫د‬‫ی‬‫ب‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬.‫کے‬‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ص‬‫درا‬Enzyme‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬ ‫م‬‫ٹ‬‫س‬‫س‬ ‫کے‬ ‫ے‬‫ہ‬‫ی‬‫وت‬‫ہ‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬‫ن‬‫رو‬‫لی‬‫ی‬‫د‬‫ی‬‫ب‬.‫سرے‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ب‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ض‬‫ع‬‫ی‬‫ض‬‫ع‬‫ی‬ ‫اور‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫ان‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫در‬‫ض‬‫ع‬‫ی‬ ،‫ر‬‫پ‬ ‫ب‬‫ب‬‫ر‬‫ق‬‫کے‬‫سرے‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ا‬spore‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ی‬‫ل‬ ‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ب‬.‫ہ‬‫ن‬Spore‫و‬‫ہ‬ ‫وی‬‫ض‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫گول‬‫ے‬‫ت‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬.
  3. 3. Endospore‫کی‬‫وار‬‫دت‬‫ت‬‫خ‬‫س‬‫ی‬‫وت‬‫ہ‬‫ے‬‫ہ‬-‫اور‬‫ہ‬‫ن‬‫ی‬‫ات‬‫ی‬‫کی‬‫ش‬‫د‬‫دی‬،‫می‬‫ک‬،‫گرمی‬ ،‫سردی‬‫اور‬‫م‬‫ٹ‬‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ر‬‫ج‬‫کش‬‫ات‬‫ادوی‬‫ا‬‫ک‬‫لہ‬‫ای‬‫ق‬‫م‬‫ے‬‫کرت‬‫کی‬‫ص‬‫ت‬‫حی‬‫ال‬‫ل‬‫ص‬‫ا‬‫ح‬‫کر‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ی‬‫ل‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬-‫اس‬‫ت‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ح‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫ہ‬‫ن‬‫ی‬‫ن‬‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ش‬‫ائ‬‫ز‬‫اق‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ن‬‫کر‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ک‬‫ش‬-‫م‬‫گر‬‫ت‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ح‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ھ‬‫ٹ‬‫ے‬‫وت‬‫ہ‬‫ر‬‫پ‬ Spore‫ارہ‬‫دوی‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫کی‬‫ت‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ح‬‫ل‬‫ص‬‫ا‬‫ح‬‫کر‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ی‬‫ل‬‫ہ‬‫ے‬-‫اور‬‫ھر‬‫ٹ‬‫ش‬‫ائ‬‫ز‬‫اق‬‫ا‬‫ک‬‫ل‬‫م‬‫ع‬ ‫اری‬‫ح‬‫کھ‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ک‬‫ش‬‫ے‬‫ہ‬-
  4. 4. Aerobes and Anaerobes Bacteria ‫ض‬‫ع‬‫ی‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ی‬‫ات‬‫وای‬‫ت‬‫ل‬‫ص‬‫ا‬‫ح‬‫ے‬‫کرت‬‫کے‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ل‬Oxygen‫کی‬‫مدد‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ی‬‫ل‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬-‫اور‬‫اس‬Oxidative‫کی‬‫مدد‬ ‫سے‬‫ٹ‬‫ب‬‫ڈر‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ا‬‫وہ‬‫ت‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ک‬‫سے‬‫ی‬‫ات‬‫وای‬‫ت‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ی‬‫ل‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬-‫ان‬‫کو‬Aerobes‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ہ‬‫ک‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬- ‫د‬‫ی‬‫ح‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬Oxygen‫کے‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫غ‬‫ی‬Fermentation‫کے‬‫ل‬‫م‬‫ع‬‫کے‬‫عے‬‫ی‬ ‫ذر‬‫ی‬‫ات‬‫وای‬‫ت‬‫ل‬‫ص‬‫ا‬‫ح‬‫ک‬‫ے‬‫رت‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬ ‫ان‬‫کو‬Anaerobes‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ہ‬‫ک‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬-‫ہ‬‫ن‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ب‬ ‫ا‬‫در‬‫ای‬Ctatalase Enzyme‫ا‬‫ی‬ Cytochrome Enzyme‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ن‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ھ‬‫ک‬‫ر‬.
  5. 5. ‫ش‬‫ائ‬‫ز‬‫اق‬ ‫کی‬ ‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬Reproduction Of Bacteria •‫ی‬‫ن‬‫ع‬‫ی‬ ‫ے‬‫ہ‬ ‫ان‬‫ش‬‫آ‬‫ت‬‫ہ‬‫و‬‫ت‬‫ہ‬‫ق‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ط‬‫ا‬‫ک‬ ‫ش‬‫ائ‬‫ز‬‫اق‬‫کی‬ ‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬Double Stranded DNA‫ا‬‫ک‬ ‫م‬‫ے‬ ّ ‫ص‬‫ح‬ ‫دوسرے‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫سے‬‫ئ‬ ‫و‬‫ل‬‫لک‬‫ی‬‫کو‬ ‫آپ‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ب‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ڑ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ا‬‫ش‬‫ا‬‫ھوی‬‫چ‬‫ے‬‫ہ‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ی‬‫ل‬‫کر‬ ‫م‬‫س‬‫ق‬‫ی‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬-(Binary Fission)‫ے‬‫ہ‬‫ا‬‫ای‬‫ح‬‫و‬‫ہ‬‫ل‬‫م‬‫ک‬‫م‬ ‫ل‬‫م‬‫ع‬‫ا‬‫ک‬ ‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ی‬‫ب‬ ‫دو‬‫سے‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ا‬ ‫اور‬-
  6. 6. •‫ے‬‫ہ‬ ‫ی‬‫آت‬‫لی‬‫ی‬‫د‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫در‬‫ای‬‫کے‬‫اس‬-‫ی‬‫ن‬‫ع‬‫ی‬Spore‫ے‬‫ہ‬ ‫ی‬‫وت‬‫ہ‬‫لی‬‫ی‬‫د‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ی‬‫ارض‬‫ع‬ ‫و‬‫ت‬‫رہ‬‫ی‬‫وغ‬-‫االت‬‫ح‬‫کے‬‫و‬‫ج‬ ‫ے‬‫ہ‬‫ی‬‫آت‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫ل‬‫م‬‫ع‬‫ق‬‫ت‬‫ا‬‫ط‬‫مو‬‫کے‬-‫ار‬‫م‬‫ٹ‬‫ب‬‫اک‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ط‬‫ح‬ ‫ات‬‫اوق‬‫ض‬‫ع‬‫ی‬‫لکہ‬‫ی‬‫ک‬ ‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫والے‬‫ے‬‫الت‬‫ی‬‫ھ‬‫ٹ‬‫ی‬‫و‬ ‫اگر‬Culture Media‫ی‬‫ن‬‫ب‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫ت‬‫و‬‫ت‬‫ے‬‫ات‬‫ح‬‫ا‬‫ای‬‫گ‬‫ل‬ ‫ل‬‫س‬‫ئ‬‫دار‬‫ل‬‫س‬‫ئ‬‫ر‬‫پ‬Virulence‫ک‬‫ل‬‫مہ‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬ ‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ھ‬‫ٹ‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ھو‬‫ک‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اپ‬-‫ت‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ح‬‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ی‬‫خ‬‫م‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ا‬‫اگر‬‫کو‬ ‫اس‬‫و‬‫ت‬‫ے‬‫ات‬‫ح‬‫و‬‫ہ‬‫ل‬‫ی‬‫د‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬ ‫وں‬ Bacteria Strains‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ہ‬‫ک‬-
  7. 7. Transmission Of Bacterial Disease ‫سے‬ ‫بیکٹیریا‬ ‫عمل‬ ‫کا‬ ‫پھیلنے‬ ‫بیماری‬ ‫اری‬‫م‬‫ٹ‬‫ب‬ ‫عددی‬‫ی‬‫م‬:‫دوسرے‬‫سے‬ ‫آدمی‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ا‬ ‫کہ‬ ‫و‬‫ج‬‫ے‬‫ہ‬‫وہ‬‫اری‬‫م‬‫ٹ‬‫ب‬ ‫عددی‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫ے‬‫ہ‬ ‫ی‬‫ن‬‫گ‬‫ل‬‫ت‬‫س‬‫را‬‫اہ‬‫ر‬‫پ‬‫کو‬ ‫عہ‬‫ی‬‫ذر‬‫کے‬‫ی‬‫ن‬‫س‬‫ر‬‫پ‬ ‫س‬‫ن‬‫ج‬‫ال‬‫ی‬‫م‬Gonorrhoea‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ل‬‫ی‬‫ھ‬‫ٹ‬‫ا‬‫ک‬ ‫اری‬‫م‬‫ٹ‬‫ب‬‫کی‬–‫ص‬ ‫دوسری‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫ورت‬ ‫ٹ‬‫ی‬‫خ‬‫ی‬‫ا‬ ‫دوسرے‬‫سی‬‫ک‬ ‫ا‬‫ی‬‫وراک‬‫ج‬،‫ی‬‫ات‬‫ی‬‫اری‬‫م‬‫ٹ‬‫ب‬‫ر‬‫پ‬ ‫طور‬ ‫طہ‬‫س‬‫الوا‬‫ی‬‫ے‬‫ہ‬‫ی‬‫ن‬‫ل‬‫ی‬‫ھ‬‫ٹ‬‫سے‬‫عہ‬‫ی‬‫ذر‬‫کے‬-‫ال‬‫ی‬‫م‬ ‫ر‬‫پ‬ ‫طور‬‫کے‬Typhoid‫کے‬‫اری‬‫م‬‫ٹ‬‫ب‬‫کی‬Bacteria‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬ ‫ے‬‫ات‬‫ح‬‫و‬‫ہ‬‫ل‬‫م‬‫ا‬‫ش‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬ ‫ی‬‫ات‬‫ی‬-‫اور‬ ‫ہ‬‫ن‬Bacteria‫م‬‫اری‬‫م‬‫ٹ‬‫ب‬ ‫اس‬‫ھی‬‫ٹ‬‫واال‬‫ے‬‫کرت‬ ‫ال‬‫م‬‫ع‬‫ی‬‫س‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ات‬‫ی‬‫آلود‬‫سے‬‫ے‬‫ہ‬ ‫ا‬‫ای‬‫ح‬‫و‬‫ہ‬‫ال‬‫ی‬‫ی‬‫م‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬-
  8. 8. Slide Title Vector :Vector‫کے‬‫اری‬‫م‬‫ٹ‬‫ب‬‫کے‬‫و‬‫ج‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ہ‬‫ک‬ ‫کو‬ ‫ز‬‫ی‬‫ج‬‫اس‬‫گہ‬‫ح‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ا‬‫کو‬ ‫م‬‫ٹ‬‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ر‬‫ج‬ ‫ے‬‫ہ‬‫ا‬‫ای‬‫ح‬‫لے‬‫گہ‬‫ح‬‫دوسری‬‫سے‬-‫ک‬ ،‫ی‬‫ن‬‫م‬،‫وراک‬‫ج‬،‫ی‬‫ات‬‫ی‬‫ال‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫رہ‬‫ی‬‫وغ‬‫ھی‬‫ک‬‫م‬ ،‫کوڑہ‬‫م‬‫ا‬‫ڑ‬‫ی‬- ‫ارے‬‫م‬‫ہ‬‫و‬‫ج‬‫ہ‬‫الق‬‫ع‬‫و‬‫ج‬‫اں‬‫اری‬‫م‬‫ٹ‬‫ب‬‫عدی‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫اص‬‫ح‬‫اص‬‫ح‬Tropical Area‫ی‬‫ات‬‫ی‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ی‬‫ات‬‫ح‬–‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ل‬‫ی‬‫ز‬‫ہ‬‫درج‬‫ی‬‫م‬– •‫ی‬‫ت‬ ‫ی‬‫ت‬ •‫کوڑھ‬ •‫ڈ‬‫ای‬‫ق‬‫ی‬‫ا‬‫ی‬ •‫ا‬‫وری‬‫ت‬‫گ‬ •‫سی‬‫ئ‬‫ا‬‫ھ‬‫ک‬ ‫الی‬‫ک‬ •‫ہ‬‫ض‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬

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