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Microbiology

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Microbiology

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Microbiology

  1. 1. AYESHA AMBREEN
  2. 2. ‫ہ‬‫درج‬‫ر‬‫پ‬‫اد‬‫ی‬‫ن‬‫ب‬‫کی‬ ‫ال‬‫م‬‫ع‬‫ت‬‫س‬‫ا‬‫کے‬‫ن‬‫ج‬‫ی‬‫س‬‫ک‬‫آ‬‫دی‬‫ی‬‫ب‬ Strict aerobes ‫ک‬‫آ‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ے‬‫کرت‬ ‫د‬‫ی‬‫س‬‫پ‬‫کو‬ ‫ودگی‬‫موج‬‫کی‬ ‫ن‬‫ج‬‫ی‬‫س‬‫ک‬‫آ‬‫ہ‬‫ی‬‫ز‬‫سے‬‫ہ‬‫وج‬‫کی‬ ‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ل‬‫م‬‫ہ‬‫ی‬‫ن‬‫ج‬‫ی‬‫س‬‫دہ‬‫ن‬ ‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ک‬‫س‬‫رہ‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ن‬. ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬‫ی‬‫م‬ Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  3. 3. Anaerobes ‫ن‬‫ج‬‫ی‬‫س‬‫ک‬‫آ‬ ‫اور‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ے‬‫ات‬‫ج‬‫مر‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬ ‫ودگی‬‫موج‬ ‫کی‬ ‫ن‬‫ج‬‫ی‬‫س‬‫ک‬‫آ‬ ‫ہ‬‫ی‬‫کرت‬ ‫د‬‫ی‬‫س‬‫پ‬‫کو‬ ‫ودگی‬‫رموج‬‫ی‬‫غ‬ ‫کی‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬ ‫ے‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬‫ی‬‫م‬ Bacteroids
  4. 4. Micro Aerophilic ‫ن‬‫ک‬‫س‬ ‫رہ‬‫دہ‬‫زن‬ ‫ھی‬‫ب‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫ار‬‫د‬‫ق‬‫م‬‫م‬‫ک‬ ‫ی‬‫ہ‬ ‫ت‬‫ہ‬‫ن‬ ‫کی‬ ‫ن‬‫ج‬‫ی‬‫س‬‫ک‬‫آ‬ ‫ہ‬‫ی‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ے‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬‫ی‬‫م‬ Treponema species
  5. 5. General characteristics of Bacteria ‫ات‬‫ی‬‫ص‬‫صو‬‫خ‬‫مومی‬‫ع‬‫کی‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬ ‫ک‬ ‫ن‬‫ج‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ار‬‫د‬‫ان‬‫ج‬‫ے‬‫ھوت‬‫چ‬‫ے‬‫ھوت‬‫چ‬‫اسے‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ھ‬‫ک‬‫ن‬‫د‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ن‬‫سے‬‫کھ‬‫ن‬‫آ‬‫ام‬‫ع‬‫و‬‫ا‬‫ج‬ ‫ی‬‫ک‬ ‫ہ‬‫ن‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ع‬‫م‬‫ی‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ب‬‫ورد‬‫ج‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ل‬ ‫کے‬‫ان‬‫لکہ‬‫ن‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ک‬‫س‬‫ے‬‫ہ‬‫ا‬‫ان‬‫ج‬ ‫ا‬.‫مومی‬‫ع‬‫کی‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ل‬‫ن‬‫ذ‬‫ہ‬‫درج‬‫ات‬‫ی‬‫ص‬‫صو‬‫خ‬... ‫م‬‫س‬‫گروپ‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬‫وں‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ص‬‫خ‬‫ارے‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫کو‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ع‬‫ت‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ک‬‫س‬‫کر‬ ‫م‬‫ی‬‫س‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ی‬‫ن‬ Parasitic،‫لی‬‫ی‬‫ف‬‫ط‬‫ا‬‫ن‬
  6. 6. Saprophytic،‫ق‬‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ت‬‫م‬‫سے‬‫ادوں‬‫م‬‫ی‬‫ات‬‫ی‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ Free Living‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫اسے‬ ‫والے‬ ‫ے‬‫ھرت‬‫ب‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫م‬‫ھو‬‫گ‬ ‫ہ‬‫آزادای‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ات‬‫رورن‬‫ض‬‫ی‬‫ن‬‫ب‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫ج‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫ی‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ک‬‫س‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫ب‬ ‫ود‬‫ج‬ ‫گی‬‫د‬‫زن‬
  7. 7. Bacteria ‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫س‬‫وپ‬‫ی‬‫ر‬‫روک‬‫پ‬((Prokaryotes‫ے‬‫وت‬‫ہ‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ہ‬‫ی‬‫ی‬‫اف‬‫ک‬‫م‬‫ار‬‫د‬‫ق‬ ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ی‬‫ات‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫ن‬‫آئ‬((inorganic ions‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ھ‬‫ک‬‫ر‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫اور‬‫ا‬‫ک‬‫ن‬ ‫وار‬‫دی‬(cell wall)‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ھ‬‫ک‬‫ر‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫و‬‫ج‬‫کے‬‫ل‬‫ی‬‫س‬‫کے‬‫ا‬‫ی‬‫دروت‬‫ن‬‫مواد‬‫کو‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫ہ‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ن‬‫ے‬‫آت‬‫ی‬‫ن‬‫ب‬‫د‬‫اور‬‫اس‬‫وار‬‫دی‬‫کی‬‫د‬‫مزن‬‫وطی‬‫ب‬‫ض‬‫م‬‫کے‬‫ل‬‫ے‬‫ن‬ Mucopeptide))‫ولی‬‫ی‬‫مر‬‫ھی‬‫ب‬‫ود‬‫موج‬‫ے‬‫وت‬‫ہ‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ں‬
  8. 8. Cell wall‫کی‬‫ت‬‫خ‬‫ا‬‫س‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫مولی‬‫ع‬‫م‬‫لی‬‫ن‬‫د‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫اسے‬Gram Stain ‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬negative‫ا‬‫ن‬Positive‫ی‬‫ات‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ے‬‫ہ‬. Gram stain‫کی‬‫مدد‬‫ی‬‫سےہ‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫کو‬‫م‬‫ہ‬‫ام‬‫ر‬‫گ‬‫ب‬‫و‬‫ب‬‫ن‬‫گ‬‫ی‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫و‬‫ب‬‫ب‬‫از‬‫ن‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫ز‬‫می‬‫ت‬ ‫کر‬‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ک‬‫س‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬
  9. 9. Gram positive Gram Negative cell wall Cell wall ‫ام‬‫ر‬‫گ‬‫و‬‫ب‬‫ب‬‫از‬‫ن‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫کی‬‫وار‬‫دی‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬ Peptidoglycan‫اور‬ teichoic acid‫کی‬‫اف‬‫ک‬‫ی‬ ‫ار‬‫د‬‫ق‬‫م‬‫ود‬‫موج‬‫ی‬‫وت‬‫ہ‬‫ے‬‫ہ‬ ‫ام‬‫ر‬‫گ‬‫و‬‫ب‬‫ن‬‫گ‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ی‬‫ٹ‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫کی‬‫ل‬‫ی‬‫س‬‫وال‬‫م‬‫ں‬‫ی‬ ‫ت‬‫ہ‬‫ن‬‫ھوڑی‬‫ب‬‫ار‬‫د‬‫ق‬‫م‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫م‬ Peptidoglycan‫ود‬‫موج‬‫وت‬‫ہ‬‫ی‬ ‫ے‬‫ہ‬.‫اور‬‫اس‬‫کی‬‫ی‬‫روت‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫لی‬‫ل‬‫ھ‬‫چ‬‫ی‬‫م‬‫ں‬ Lipopolysaccharide ‫ود‬‫موج‬‫ے‬‫وت‬‫ہ‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ن‬‫ج‬‫کو‬ endotoxin‫ے‬‫ن‬‫ہ‬‫ک‬‫ں‬‫ی‬‫ہ‬‫ان‬ ‫ول‬‫ب‬‫ک‬‫ی‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫م‬‫ا‬‫ک‬lipid A‫ہ‬‫ا‬‫ص‬‫خ‬‫ت‬‫ہ‬‫ن‬ ‫ل‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫زہ‬‫ا‬‫ون‬‫ہ‬‫ے‬‫ہ‬.
  10. 10. •‫وال‬‫ل‬‫ی‬‫س‬ ‫کی‬ ‫و‬‫ب‬‫ب‬‫از‬‫ن‬‫ام‬‫ر‬‫گ‬smooth ‫ے‬‫ہ‬‫ی‬‫وت‬‫ہ‬ •‫وال‬‫ل‬‫ی‬‫س‬‫و‬‫ب‬‫ن‬‫گ‬‫ی‬‫ب‬‫ام‬‫ر‬‫گ‬wavy ‫ے‬‫ہ‬ ‫ی‬‫وت‬‫ہ‬

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