Health and hygiene


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Health and hygiene

  1. 1. Health & Nutrition
  2. 2. Why do we need to eat healthy food? Just as a car needs petrol to run Our body too needs fuel. Healthy food is the fuel which gives us energy to work.
  3. 3. What are the kinds of food? <ul><li>There are three main Kinds of food. They are </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Giving food </li></ul><ul><li>Body building food </li></ul><ul><li>Protective food </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Energy giving food </li></ul><ul><li>They give us energy to do work .These food contain carbohydrates. </li></ul><ul><li>example. </li></ul><ul><li>Potato Sugar Milk Banana </li></ul><ul><li>Cereals like bread , corn, rice </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fats are other energy giving substances .They give more energy than Carbohydrates. Example Oil Butter Nuts Meat
  6. 6. 2. Body Building Food <ul><li>Some foods help our body to grow. </li></ul><ul><li>These food have substances called proteins </li></ul>Egg Meat Pulses Oranges
  7. 7. 3. Protective foods Food having vitamins and minerals are called protective food. Vitamins are found in Apple Pear Pulses Vegetables Fruits Meat
  8. 8. <ul><li>Minerals are found in </li></ul><ul><li>Green leafy vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>fruits </li></ul><ul><li>milk </li></ul><ul><li>eggs </li></ul>
  9. 9. Balanced Diet <ul><li>A diet containing all the substances in proper amounts is called Balanced diet, like </li></ul><ul><li>Carbohydrates, </li></ul><ul><li>Proteins, </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals , </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamins, </li></ul><ul><li>Water and roughage (fibre), etc </li></ul>
  10. 10. Junk food
  11. 12. Group zero <ul><li>1. Which out of these is a junk food ? </li></ul>
  12. 13. 2. Which one of these is a healthy food?
  13. 14. 3. Are junk food really good for health? a) Yes b) No 4. Do you know what will happen if you eat lot of junk food? a) You will put on a lot of weight. b) It gives you an active brain.
  14. 15. <ul><li>Identify the given pictures </li></ul>
  15. 16. GROUP I 1. We should eat ______ food. a) Spicy b) Fresh 2. Some food give us ______to work and play. a) Energy b) Muscles 3. We should ______our food properly. a) Chew b) Swallow
  16. 17. 4. We should not drink ______immediately after a meal. a) Juice b) Water 5. We should keep our food ______. a) Uncovered b) Covered 6. We should eat our food ______. a) Slowly b) Quickly
  17. 18. 7. ______ is good for our health. a) Almonds b) Potato 8. A fruit rich in Vitamin C is ______. a) Orange b) Banana 9. Eating an ______a day, keeps the doctor away. a) Apple b) Burger
  18. 19. 10. It is white in colour and is a complete food. a) Milk b) Sugar 11. We need food to build up our ______. a) Bones b) Muscles 12. We should Eat ______ of fruits and vegetables. a) Same type b) Different types *****************
  19. 20. GROUP II <ul><li>Sugar and starch are rich in </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carbohydrates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proteins </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. They help our body to grow </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a) Vitamins </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b) Minerals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>c) Proteins </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><ul><ul><li>3. They are helpful in the formation of bones, teeth and blood </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a) Fats </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b) Minerals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>c) Carbohydrates </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Which of the following is a protective food? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a) Potato </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b) Tomato </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>c) Butter </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5. Which of the following is a body-building food? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a) Spinach </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b) Meat </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>c) Carrot </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 22. 6. Which of the following is an energy-giving food? a) Rice b) Sweets c) Cooking oil 7. Vitamin A helps to keep our eyes healthy. a) No b) Yes 8. Our food should have enough water to get rid of undigested food. a) Yes b) No
  22. 23. 9. Fats gives us more energy than carbohydrates. a) Yes b) No 10. Which vitamin is important for bones? a) Vitamin A b) Vitamin C c) Vitamin D 11. Sources of fats are a) Butter, oil b) Sugar, bread c Fish, cereals
  23. 24. THE END