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Chapter 17: Training for Self-Government

I. Terminologies
*Professional – businesslike; conforming to standards of competence, skills, and character in work environment.
*Trustee – a person or member of a board with specified legal obligation.
*Assume – take as true or sure to happen.
*Legislature – the lawmaking branch of government.
*Merge – to unite or combine into a whole.

II. Historical Background
A. The United States intended to occupy the Philippines with the least violence and govern the country with much regard for the interest and welfare of the Filipinos. Their plan was to set up civil government immediately... - Chapter 16

B. STEPS TAKEN BY THE AMERICANS TO ESTABLISH
SELF-GOVERNMENT

I. Reorganization
A. Passage of Cooper Law (Philippine Bill of 1902) ─ This law was responsible for the establishment of the Philippine Assembly, which gave Filipinos the right to be represented in the lawmaking body through their elected delegates to the Assembly.
B. a committee was created composed of two Filipino lawyers and three American military officers. This committee:
1) Formulated plans for the reorganization of the municipal government throughout the areas under the American jurisdiction.

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Chapter 17: Training for Self-Government

  1. 1. TRAINING FOR SELF-GOVERNMENT (1907-1921) CHAPTER 17
  2. 2. I. TERMINOLOGIES  Professional – businesslike; conforming to standards of competence, skills, and character in work environment.  Trustee – a person or member of a board with specified legal obligation.  Assume – take as true or sure to happen.  Legislature – the lawmaking branch of government.  Merge – to unite or combine into a whole.
  3. 3. II. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND A. The United States intended to occupy the Philippines with the least violence and govern the country with much regard for the interest and welfare of the Filipinos. Their plan was to set up civil government immediately... - Chapter 16
  4. 4. B. STEPS TAKEN BY THE AMERICANS TO ESTABLISH SELF-GOVERNMENT I. Reorganization A. Passage of Cooper Law (Philippine Bill of 1902) ─ This law was responsible for the establishment of the Philippine Assembly, which gave Filipinos the right to be represented in the lawmaking body through their elected delegates to the Assembly. B. a committee was created composed of two Filipino lawyers and three American military officers. This committee: 1) Formulated plans for the reorganization of the municipal government throughout the areas under the American jurisdiction.
  5. 5. 2) The Philippine Commission (which was the lawmaking body during the early years of American occupation), passed the Municipal Code Act, which provided the municipal government to be administrative by the following elected officials: ―the municipal president. ― the municipal vice-president ― the municipal council a. passed the Provincial Code Act. The provincial government was to administer by a board composed of: ― a governor (elected for 2 years) ― a treasurer ― a supervisor (who were both appointed) b. passed the Civil Service Act. (in 1900), which placed all government employees (in municipal, provincial, or national government) under the administrative control of Bureau of Civil Service. (which was under the control and supervision of the general-governor.
  6. 6. Table 17.1 Filipino government employees, 1903-1921 Year Americans Filipinos Year Americans Filipinos 1903 2,777 2,697 1911 2,633 6,363 1904 3,228 3,377 1912 2,680 6,033 1905 3,307 4,023 1913 2,623 6,363 1906 No data No data 1914 2,148 7,283 1907 2,616 3,902 1915 1,935 7,881 1908 2,479 4,080 1916 1,730 8,725 1909 2,659 4,377 1917 1,310 9,859 1910 2,633 4,981 1918 948 10,866 1919 760 12,047 1920 582 12,561 1921 614 13,240 Officers and Employees Officers and Employees
  7. 7. II. Filipinization A. Appointment of Francis Burton Harrison as Governor-General, under whose administration, the government service was Filipinized. His policy, “Philippines for the Filipinos”. 1) Steps were taken to employ as many qualified Filipinos as there were vacancies in the civil service. 2) Steps were also taken by the Republican administrators in the central or national government, to give Filipinos employment: in the subordinate and high positions. 3) He appointed Filipinos instead of Americans to occupy high administrative positions in the different bureaus of the government.
  8. 8. III. Passage of Jones Law Jones Act of 1916 A. It stated in the Preamble that the Philippines would be granted independence “as soon as stable government [could] be established therein.” B. The Jones Act provided that the domestic affairs of the Filipinos should be administered by them so that “they may be better prepared to fully assume the responsibilities and enjoy the privileges of complete independence.” C. It also provided for a government patterned after the United States.
  9. 9. GOVERNMENT Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch -headed by the governor-general, appointed by the President of USA, approved by American Senate. -vice governor, an American, appointed in the same manner as the governor-general. He was automatically the Secretary of Public instruction. -compose of two Houses: the Upper House or the Senate and the Lower House or the House of the Representatives. -the judicial power was exercised by the Supreme Court and the lower courts of Justice. -Supreme Court justices were appointed by the President of USA with the approval of the American Senate.
  10. 10. The Philippine Legislature under the Jones Law was inaugurated in Manila on October 16, 1916. ― could pass laws subject to the votes of the American governor- general and the US President. The Counsel of State was created by Governor-General Harrison (upon of suggestion of Speaker Sergio Osmeña, Sr.) ― composed of: governor-general acting as Chairman; Speaker of the House, Senate President, and the members of the Cabinet. (pre-dominantly Filipinos) IV. Passage of The Tydings-McDuffie Act in 1934 ― provided for the establishment of a transition government called The Commonwealth.

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