• Gender inequality in India refers to socially
constructed differences between men and
women in India that systematically empower
one group to the detriment of the other.
• Gender inequalities include :- unequal rights,
responsibilities, and opportunities for Indian
women and translate to poor health status,
educational attainment, and economic status
compared to men.
Gender equality in India among worst
• When India's Human Development Index is
adjusted for gender inequality, it becomes
south Asia's worst performing country
after Afghanistan, new numbers in the UNDP's
Human Development Report 2013
show. Pakistan,Nepal and Bangladesh, which
are poorer than India and have lower HDIs, all
do comparatively better than India when it
comes to gender equality.
Gender inequality is not one affliction.
Prominent faces of gender injustice can vary.
The effects of gender inequality can
impoverish the lives of men as well as women.
Gender inequality hurts the interests not only
of girls and grown-up women, but also of boys
The Gender gap index for India
compared to other countries
around the world.
For example, the World
Economic Forum publishes
a Global Gender Gap Index
score for each nation every
India's Global Rank on various
Gender Inequality Indices
Dowry and extortion
• Although in theory
dowry is illegal, since
1961, it is widely
• The amount of dowry in
a consumerist society
• Dowry extortion is a
major middle class issue
• Reservations for female students
• In rural India girls continue to be less
educated than the boys. According to a 1998
report by U.S. Department of Commerce, the
chief barrier to female education in India are
inadequate school facilities (such as sanitary
facilities), shortage of female teachers and
gender bias in curriculum (majority of the
female characters being depicted as weak and
helpless vs. strong, adventurous, and
intelligent men with high prestige jobs)
• From 2006-2010, the percent of females who
completed at least a secondary education was
almost half that of men, 26.6% compared to
50.4%. In the current generation of youth, the
gap seems to be closing at the primary level
and increasing in the secondary level.
Reservations for female students
• Under Non-Formal Education programme,
about 40% of the centres in states and 10% of
the centres in UTs are exclusively reserved for
• Certain state level engineering, medical and
other colleges like in Orissa have reserved 30%
of their seats for females.