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Crops of madhya pradesh


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Crops of madhya pradesh

  1. 1. Crops of Madhya Pradesh Crops of Madhya Pradesh - Informative & researched article on Crops of Madhya Pradesh Sign in | Register Now States of India in Art & Culture | Entertainment | Health | Reference | Sports | Society | Travel Forum | Free E-magazine States of India : Indian States l Orissa l Kerala l Gujarat l Rajasthan l Punjab l Bihar l Tamil Nadu l West Bengal l Jharkhand l Assam l Manipur l Tripura l Sikkim l Nagaland l Meghalaya l Mizoram l Jammu and Kashmir l Maharashtra l Madhya Pradesh l Karnataka l Andhra Pradesh l Uttar Pradesh l Uttarakhand l Himachal Pradesh l Arunachal Pradesh l Chhattisgarh l Goa l Haryana l Indian Union Territories Home > Travel > States of India > Madhya Pradesh > Geography of Madhya Pradesh > Crops of Madhya Pradesh Crops of Madhya Pradesh RSS Feeds Crops of Madhya Pradesh are basically divided into three categories namely Cash Crops, Oilseeds and Food Grains and wheat, maize, paddy are grown in abundance. Major crops of Madhya Pradesh that are cultivated in the region comprise of Paddy, Wheat, Maize and Jowar among Cereals, Gram, Tur, Urad and Moong among Pulses, while Soybean, Groundnut and Mustard among Oilseeds. The major crops grown in this state of Central India also includes commercial crops like cotton and Sugarcane. These two significant cash crops are grown in a considerable area in few districts of Madhya Pradesh. Horticulture crops like Potato, Onion, Garlic, along with fruits like Papaya, Banana, Oranges, Mango and Grapes are also grown in the state of Madhya Pradesh. In some parts of the state medicinal crops and narcotic crops are also cultivated. Madhya Pradesh is primarily Kharif crops growing state. Kharif crops occupy about 54.25 percent whereas Rabi crops occupy about 45.75 percent area out of the total cropped area in the state. Near about 41 percent of the cropped area is generally occupied by cereal crops, while pulses occupy nearly 21 percent area and oilseed occupies about 27 percent of the total sown area. Vegetables, fruits, fodder and other horticultural crops occupy rest of around 11 percent land area. Wheat is the largest cultivated crop of Madhya Pradesh, followed by Paddy and Jowar. The major crops of the state are categorised into three major types and these are Food Grains, Oilseeds and Cash Crops. Some of the major crops of Madhya Pradesh have been discussed below- Wheat Wheat is considered as the major crop of the state in terms of area and production. Wheat occupies the highest area under Rabi crops. The wheat producing areas of Madhya Pradesh come under the wheat belt of the country, where about 75 cm to 127 cm Forum rainfall occurs. Wheat is usually grown during October and November and harvested during February and March. The main wheat growing districts of the regions are Sehore district, Vidisha district, Raisen district, Shivpuri district, Gwalior, Forum on States of India Ujjain, Hoshangabad district, Sagar district, Tikamgarh district, Satna district , and Indore district. Discuss Now Paddy Paddy stands second after Wheat in terms of area coverage and production. Free E-magazine Since this crop needs about 100 cm to 125 cm rainfall, it is grown only in the eastern part of Madhya Pradesh extensively. In other parts of the state, Subscribe to Free where irrigation facilities are available, paddy is grown. Another significant E-Magazine on Indian crop grown in Madhya Pradesh is rice. In this state, there are many Crafts agricultural colleges, which are working towards the qualitative and quantitative development of rice. About 2.50 hectares land of the state is irrigated for the cultivation of these major crops. The irrigated area under rice is available in Balaghat district, Jabalpur district, Gwalior district, and Bhind district. In the eastern zone, Satna district, Rewa district, Sidhi district, Shahdol district, Dindori district and Mandla district, in the southern zone Balaghat district, Seoni district, in the central zone Jabalpur, Damoh district, and in the northern zone Bhind district, Morena district, Gwalior district and Shivpuri district are the major rice producing areas. Jowar Jowar is an important crop of Madhya Pradesh. It is a crop basically grown in the dry regions. It is grown in both Rabi and Kharif seasons. It is the main crop of the western region of the state. Jowar is sown during the outbreak of monsoon in between June and July and harvested in September1 of 3 5/4/2012 12:25 PM
  2. 2. Crops of Madhya Pradesh and October. The climatic conditions are favourable for growing Jowar crops in the western part of the state. The main Jowar growing districts are Mandsaur district, Ratlam district, Ujjain, Rajgarh district, Shajapur district, Dewas district, Indore district, Khargone, Khandwa district, Shivpuri, Morena, Gwalior, Guna District, Bhind district, etc. Gram Another important crop of Madhya Pradesh is Gram, which is a Rabi crop. Sown in the month of October, it is harvested in March. The climate must be wet during the sowing period of Gram and during the harvesting period the climate should be dry. In Madhya Pradesh, different varieties of Gram are grown. The main gram producing areas in the state are Hoshangabad, Narsinghpur, Chhindwara district, Guna, Vidisha, Ujjain, Mandsaur, Dhar district, Bhind, Morena, Shivpuri and Rewa districts. Groundnut Groundnut is Kharif crop, which is used as oilseed. The production of groundnut in the state takes place in the Malwa plateau and low land of Narmada valley. The state ranks sixth in production of groundnut in India. The main groundnut growing districts are Mandsaur, Dhar, Ratlam, Khargone, Jhabua, Betul, Chhindwara, Ujjain, Rajgarh, and Shajapur. Soyabean Madhya Pradesh stands first in the production of Soyabean in India. The chief Soyabean producing districts are, Chhindwara, Seoni, Narsinghpur, Indore, Dhar, Ujjain, Ratlam, Shajapur, Guna, Bhopal, Hoshangabad, Jhabua, Vidisha, Mandsaur, Balaghat, Satna, Neemuch, Betul and Sheopur. Cotton Cotton is the second largest cash crop after soyabean in Madhya Pradesh. The main cultivation areas of cotton are Khargone, Khandwa, Dhar, Indore, Ujjain, Dewas, Mandsaur, Ujjain, Shajapur, Ratlam, Sehore and Jhabua districts. The indigenous and American varieties, both are grown in the state. The Regur soil or Black soil of western region of Madhya Pradesh is favourable for the production of cotton. Apart from the above mentioned, a range of other Crops are also cultivated in Madhya Pradesh that not only meet the local demand for food crops but also contributes to the national output. The state government is taking adequate measures to provide better infrastructure and irrigational facilities to enhance further cultivation. (Last Updated on : 9/08/2011) Ads by Google Map of India India Map Farming Crops Maps of India More Articles in Geography of Madhya Pradesh • Climate of Madhya Pradesh • Drainage System in Madhya Pradesh • Soils of Madhya Pradesh • Forests of Madhya Pradesh • Crops of Madhya Pradesh • Cattle Farming in Madhya Pradesh • Minerals in Madhya Pradesh • Hydropower Projects in Madhya • Energy Resources in Madhya Pradesh Pradesh • Industries of Madhya Pradesh Recently Updated Articles in States of India Gauri Kund Gauri Kund is a Hindu pilgrimage which is on the way to Kedarnath in Utaarakhand. Adi Kailash Uttarakhand Adi Kailash is also known as Chotta Kailash. It is similar in many ways to the famous Mt. Kailash in Tibet. Ads by Google Map of India India Map Farming Crops Maps of India Temples of Jageshwar Temples of Jageshwar date between 9th and 13th century AD. Most of the temples are dedicated to Lord Shiva. Jageshwar Jageshwar is a pilgrimage town in Almora district in Uttarakhand. It is known for its temples that are dedicated to Lord Shiva. Brijendra Singh Brijendra Singh was the last Maharaja of the princely state of Bharatpur, who ruled from 1929 to 1947. He reigned under the Council of Regency until he came of age. Ads by Google Map of India India Map Farming Crops Maps of India E-mail this Article | Post a Comment2 of 3 5/4/2012 12:25 PM
  3. 3. Crops of Madhya Pradesh Comments crops of mp by aastha bhargava on 6/10/2011 2:22:41 AM good one Crops of Madhya Pradesh - Informative & researched article on Crops of Madhya Pradesh Sitemap Contact Us | RSS Feeds Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the co ntents in who le or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of Jupiter Infomedia Pvt. Ltd.3 of 3 5/4/2012 12:25 PM