landscape plan

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landscape plan

  1. 1. Introduction to Horticulture Landscape Management Plant: Barberry Term: Accent Plant
  2. 2. Japanese Barberry <ul><li>Shrub, deciduous </li></ul><ul><li>Hardiness Zones: 4a to 8a </li></ul><ul><li>Height: 3’ to 6’ by Spread : 4’ to 6’ </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure: shade to full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf Color: Green, Purple – Grown for Foliage not blooms </li></ul><ul><li>Has small red berries in fall </li></ul><ul><li>Grows very slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Looks like a red boxwood </li></ul><ul><li>Has small thorns </li></ul>
  3. 3. Accent Plant <ul><li>A plant that is more distinctive than many plants, but does not serve as a focal point like a specimen plant </li></ul><ul><li>Often used to highlight a specimen plant </li></ul>
  4. 4. Landscape Design <ul><li>Why landscape? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce erosion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind or noise block </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create recreation areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase property value </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Design Steps <ul><li>Meet the customer </li></ul><ul><li>Sketch a base plan </li></ul><ul><li>Determine family needs </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct a site analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Sketch rough outline (goose egg) </li></ul><ul><li>Establish bed patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Locate trees </li></ul><ul><li>Locate shrubs </li></ul><ul><li>Select plants </li></ul><ul><li>Trace plan to quality vellum </li></ul><ul><li>Label Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Price plan </li></ul>
  6. 6. Base Plan
  7. 7. Site Analysis <ul><li>Measure – Determine scale </li></ul><ul><li>Existing Plants </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation – Sunlight Path </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Slope </li></ul><ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Area – street front </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdoor Living Area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Area </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Site Plan – Goose Egg Barrier N Barrier Entertainment Svc Area Public Area Hammock/rest
  9. 9. Plant Selection <ul><li>Mature Size </li></ul><ul><li>Hardiness </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Color/Texture </li></ul><ul><li>Speed of Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of Maintenance </li></ul>
  10. 10. Plan drafting <ul><li>Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings, Sidewalks, Driveways, roads </li></ul><ul><li>Labeling </li></ul><ul><li>Plant list </li></ul>
  11. 12. Plant List
  12. 14. Principles of Design <ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion </li></ul><ul><li>Focalization </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm & Line </li></ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Line, form, & texture </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. Balance <ul><li>Symetrical </li></ul><ul><li>Asymetrical </li></ul><ul><li>Out of Balance </li></ul>
  14. 16. Proportion <ul><li>Now they are too small to fill the space </li></ul><ul><li>Soon they will be too big </li></ul><ul><li>Poor plant selection </li></ul>
  15. 17. Unity <ul><li>Trees are nicely sized and placed </li></ul><ul><li>No unity pull them together </li></ul>
  16. 18. Focalization <ul><li>Plant blocks house </li></ul><ul><li>Focal point should accent the building not obstruct it </li></ul>
  17. 19. Corner Plantings <ul><li>Always in a landscape bed </li></ul><ul><li>No more than 3 or 4 species </li></ul><ul><li>Tall in back </li></ul><ul><li>Short in front </li></ul><ul><li>In curve is focal point </li></ul><ul><li>Use odd number of plants </li></ul>
  18. 20. Foundation Plantings <ul><li>Plants along walls or foundations </li></ul><ul><li>Taller plants near corners </li></ul><ul><li>Shorter plants under windows </li></ul><ul><li>Dwarf or low growing plants </li></ul>
  19. 21. Line plantings <ul><li>Creates walls of outdoor rooms </li></ul><ul><li>Need variety in size & shape </li></ul><ul><li>No more than 3 to 5 species </li></ul><ul><li>Often used along property boundaries </li></ul>
  20. 22. Accent Plantings <ul><li>Area of particular beauty or interest </li></ul><ul><li>Can be a single plant </li></ul><ul><li>Can be a grouping </li></ul><ul><li>Can contain fountains or statues </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid placing in the center of a lawn area </li></ul>

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