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# Ikebana

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### Ikebana

1. 1. Ikebana
2. 2. Ikebana Styles <ul><li>Many styles - can take years to master </li></ul><ul><li>Most basic are: </li></ul><ul><li>Moribana </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shallow Bowl </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nageire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertical Bowl </li></ul></ul>
3. 3. Ikebana Styles <ul><li>Can be made in either shallow or vertical containers </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Style </li></ul><ul><li>Inclining Style </li></ul><ul><li>Cascading Style </li></ul>
4. 4. 3 main stems- Shushi <ul><li>The Shin is the longest stem and represented by a round symbol. - Height </li></ul><ul><li>The Soe , is the next longest stem and represented by a square symbol. – Depth & Width </li></ul><ul><li>The Hikae , is the shortest stem and is represented by a triangle symbol. – Depth & Width </li></ul>
5. 5. Juushi <ul><li>There are also subordinate stems or supporting stems (fillers) which are called Juushi . </li></ul><ul><li>A Juushi is symbolized by </li></ul><ul><li>Each Shin, Soe and Hikae have their own Juushi </li></ul><ul><li>Juushi also cover mechanics </li></ul><ul><li>Juushi cannot be longer than their respective master. </li></ul>Front View Top View
6. 6. Checking <ul><li>What is A? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It sets the _______ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is B? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It sets the _______ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is C? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It sets the _______ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What are D? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They visually support the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>main stems </li></ul></ul>A A B B C C D D D D D Front View Top View
7. 7. Containers <ul><li>Shallow Bowls </li></ul><ul><li>Flowers held by metal pins called “frogs” or Kenzan in Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical Vases </li></ul><ul><li>Flowers are held by wedged pieces of wood </li></ul>
8. 8. Select the container 1st <ul><li>The length of the stems will be determined by the size of the container. </li></ul><ul><li>The size of the container is the diameter plus the height of the container. </li></ul><ul><li>Size of container = Diameter + Height of container </li></ul><ul><li>What size is this bowl? </li></ul>6” 2 ½”
9. 9. Lengths of flower stems <ul><li>For small arrangements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of Shin = size of container </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of Soe = 3/4 of Shin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of Hikae = 3/4 of Soe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For regular arrangements, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of Shin = size of container x 1.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of Soe = 3/4 of Shin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of Hikae = 3/4 or 1/2 of Soe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For large arrangements, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of Shin = size of container x 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of Soe = 3/4 of Shin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of Hikae = 1/2 of Soe </li></ul></ul>---- ---- 12 ----- ----- ----- ----- 9 ----- ----- 3 3/8 ----- 4 1/2 ----- 6 6 Flower Vessel
10. 10. Kakeizu <ul><li>The kakeizu is a plan for the arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>It has a front view and a top view </li></ul>
11. 11. Moribana Step 1 <ul><li>Set the height with the shin flower </li></ul><ul><li>The Shin may be the same or different from the Soe & the Hikae </li></ul><ul><li>The Shin should be 10-15° off of vertical to the rear and side </li></ul>
12. 12. Step 2 <ul><li>Set the side width with the Soe flower </li></ul><ul><li>It may be the same or different from the others </li></ul><ul><li>The Soe should be lean in the same direction as the Shin but at a 45° angle </li></ul>
13. 13. Step 3 <ul><li>Set the front width with the Hikae flower </li></ul><ul><li>It may be the same or different from the others </li></ul><ul><li>The Hikae should be lean in the opposite direction as the Shin but at a 75° angle </li></ul>
14. 14. Step 4 <ul><li>Fill with the Juushi </li></ul><ul><li>They may be the same or different from the others </li></ul><ul><li>They should follow similar lines of the 3 master flowers </li></ul><ul><li>They should hide the mechanics </li></ul>
15. 15. Nagiere Step 1 <ul><li>Insert criss-crossed supports </li></ul><ul><li>Set the height with the Shin </li></ul><ul><li>Attach the shin to the supports at a 15° angle to the right and back </li></ul>
16. 16. Nagiere Step 2 <ul><li>Add the Soe and the Hikae </li></ul><ul><li>Soe is 45 degrees forward on the left side. </li></ul><ul><li>Hikae is 75 degrees forward on the right side. </li></ul>
17. 17. Nagiere Step 3 <ul><li>Then, add in the supporting stems (Juushi) for Hikae , Shin and Soe . </li></ul><ul><li>Your completed arrangement will look like this. </li></ul>
18. 18. Your Ikebana Arrangement <ul><li>Draw a sketch to scale (Kakeizu) with a front and top view </li></ul><ul><li>Select the container and record the size </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Height + width) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Select your flowers/stems & make a chart with their sizes recorded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See sample on next page </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Construct your arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>Photograph </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a design report </li></ul>
19. 19. Flower Chart Varies 4 Juushi Snapdragons & Lilies 6” 1 Hikae- Lily 9” 1 Shoe- Snapdragon 12” 1 Shin- Willow branch Length # Stems Flower