2 17 Conditioning & Botany

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2 17 Conditioning & Botany

  1. 1. Botany Flower: Standard Rose Term: Conditioning
  2. 2. Standard Rose <ul><li>Genus Name: Rosa </li></ul><ul><li>Availability: year-round </li></ul><ul><li>Color: red, pink, yellow, white, lavender, orange, and bicolors </li></ul><ul><li>Fragrant; air-dries well; will benefit from stems being cut under water during processing </li></ul><ul><li>Sold by the stem length 40 -60 -70 cm </li></ul><ul><li>Mass flower: The rose is as varied in color as in its applications. Uses are limitless. </li></ul><ul><li>Longevity: days 3-10 </li></ul><ul><li>Sold by bunch (25), $1.00/stem </li></ul>
  3. 3. Conditioning <ul><li>The process of preparing flowers for shipping, storage, or arrangement . It usually involves treating the flowers in a conditioning solution . </li></ul><ul><li>Done at every stage from farm to floral shop. </li></ul><ul><li>Needs to be done every 72 to 96 hrs. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Botany 101 <ul><li>Leaves constantly lose water through the stoma. </li></ul><ul><li>Xylem – Hollow tubes in stems and leaves that transport water from roots to leaves </li></ul><ul><li>When cut, they become clogged by bacteria & decomposing plant material </li></ul>
  5. 5. Botany 101 <ul><li>Photosynthesis – making food from sunlight & CO 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CO 2 + H 2 O -> C 6 H 12 O 6 + O 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Takes place in leaves and green stems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires sunlight – or correct artificial light </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Respiration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C 6 H 12 O 6 + O 2 -> CO 2 + H 2 O </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reverse of photosynthesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All living cells do it – even plants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Living plants photosynthesize more than they respire </li></ul><ul><li>Cutting plants does not instantly “kill” them. </li></ul><ul><li>Respiration continues longer than photosynthesis </li></ul>
  6. 6. FloraLife <ul><li>Powdered mix supplies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agent to kill bacteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrients for the flowers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acid to lower pH of the water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other items that have these are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear sodas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listerine </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Receiving flowers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unwrap all flowers EXCEPT ROSES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove all foliage that will be below the water line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cut stems on an angle ~2” from old cut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place in warm conditioned water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use about 3 - 4” of water in the bottom of the container. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use 1 TBSP conditioner per quart or ¼ cup per gallon. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow 30 – 60 minutes to rehydrate. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place in the refrigerator </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Conditioning flowers <ul><li>Badly wilted flowers can be allowed to soak in a tub </li></ul><ul><li>Allow the flower portion to dry before refrigerating </li></ul><ul><li>Roses should be cut under water so no air is absorbed into the xylem. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fill the sink or use a tub </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Review <ul><li>What flower is this? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baby’s breath </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gypsophilia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carnation </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Review <ul><li>What foliage is this? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baker’s Fern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alstroemeria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dahlia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gypsophylia </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Review <ul><li>What flower is this? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easter Lily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alstroemeria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carnation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dahlia </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Review <ul><li>When receiving flowers, unwrap all except? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easter Lilies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alstroemeria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carnations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roses </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Review <ul><li>Floral Life solution provides which of the below for cut flowers? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-bacterial agents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All of the above </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Review <ul><li>If you don’t have any floralife powder, what can you use instead? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warm water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ice water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Today <ul><li>Condition flowers </li></ul>

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