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12 16 Digging Tools


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12 16 Digging Tools

  1. 1. Horticulture Equipment Plant: Blue Spruce Term: Shovel
  2. 2. Blue Spruce Picea pungens <ul><li>Plant type: Evergreen Tree </li></ul><ul><li>USDA Hardiness Zones: 3a to 7b </li></ul><ul><li>Height: 35 – 60 ft, Spread: 15 – 25 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure: partial shade to full sun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As a Christmas Tree needs full sun </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leaf Color: Blue, Silvery </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Rate: average </li></ul><ul><li>Form: Columnar, Pyramidal </li></ul><ul><li>Uses : Specimen, windbreak </li></ul><ul><li>Very prickly when used as a Christmas tree </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Shovel – used for cleaning loose soil from planting holes and other scooping uses. A shovel has sides </li></ul><ul><li>A spade does not </li></ul><ul><li>Spading shovel – a combination tool that can be used for both digging as well as scooping </li></ul>Shovels
  4. 4. Digging tools <ul><li>Spades – are flatter than shovels. They penetrate the soil better but have less scooping capability </li></ul><ul><li>May have a flat edge for borders or a curved edge for digging holes for plantings </li></ul><ul><li>May be narrow for trenches </li></ul>
  5. 5. Digging tools <ul><li>Garden or spading fork – used for turning over soil that is not compacted, digging bulbs and potatoes, and weeding </li></ul><ul><li>Scoop – used for moving loose materials such as crushed stone or peat moss </li></ul>
  6. 6. Digging tools <ul><li>Hand trowel – used for transplanting bedding flowers. </li></ul><ul><li>Post hole digger – digs deep narrow holes for posts </li></ul><ul><li>Bulb planter </li></ul>
  7. 7. Name that tool
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  14. 14. Name that tree
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  17. 17. Sharpening Tools
  18. 18. Sharpening Cutting Tools <ul><li>Saws </li></ul><ul><li>Chain Saw – Round Files </li></ul><ul><li>Most saws need professional sharpening </li></ul><ul><li>Off-set teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Sharpen Cutting Edge </li></ul>
  19. 19. Sharpen Pruners & Loppers <ul><li>Anvil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharpen both sides of cutting blade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not the anvil side </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bypass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharpen one side only </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Sharpening Pruners <ul><li>1. Take apart </li></ul><ul><li>Remember which side the washer was on </li></ul>
  21. 21. Sharpening Pruners <ul><li>Determine cutting edge </li></ul><ul><li>Sharpen with a stone & oil or a sharpening tool </li></ul>
  22. 22. Clean with solvent <ul><li>Turpentine, kerosene, or adhesive remover will clean off sap from blades and handles </li></ul><ul><li>Remove all rust with steel wool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not soap pads </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oil all parts </li></ul>
  23. 23. Reassemble <ul><li>Make sure blades align </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to the shapes of the washers and bolts </li></ul>
  24. 24. Check <ul><li>Make sure there is not gap when the pruners are closed </li></ul>