10 23 Tree Care

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10 23 Tree Care

  1. 1. Tree Care Tree: Bradford Pear Term: Root zone
  2. 2. Bradford Pear <ul><li>Medium sized ornamental tree, 25-40 ft high </li></ul><ul><li>Showy, white flowers appear during spring growth, often before the leaves. </li></ul><ul><li>In autumn the leaves turn bright red to dark red before falling. </li></ul><ul><li>Very disease resistant, making it useful as a street tree. </li></ul><ul><li>Short life span (about 25 to 30 years) makes it necessary to replace individuals more frequently </li></ul><ul><li>Weak branches are susceptible to storm and ice damage </li></ul>
  3. 3. Root zone <ul><li>The entire area where roots are growing below the plant. </li></ul><ul><li>Root zone s are important for walking paths, grading, and future plantings </li></ul><ul><li>Most roots are only 18 -24” under the surface. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Root zone <ul><li>Best to mulch as much of the root zone as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid compaction of the soil </li></ul><ul><li>Do not change the grade of a slope in the root zone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not fill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not cut </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Fertilizing trees <ul><li>Use 2 lbs of fertilizer for every 1000 sq ft of root zone </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilize in the fall </li></ul><ul><li>Usually not necessary to fertilize the trees if you are fertilizing the lawn </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast the fertilizer and water it into the soil </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer stakes are not any better than broadcast fertilizer </li></ul>
  6. 6. Root fertilization <ul><li>New technique </li></ul><ul><li>Injects a liquid fertilizer into the root zone </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness is debatable </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape companies are promoting it and profiting from it </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mulch <ul><li>Cool roots </li></ul><ul><li>Helps retain moisture </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents mower & weed eater damage to trunk </li></ul><ul><li>Do not allow mulch to touch trunk </li></ul><ul><li>Mulch should be 3-4” deep and cover as much of the root zone as possible </li></ul>
  8. 8. Water <ul><li>Trees only need supplemental water in their first year after planting </li></ul><ul><li>Use a dripper system for slow, even watering </li></ul>
  9. 9. Check <ul><li>Check all trees at least annually for damage or poor growth </li></ul><ul><li>Remove dead or damaged branches </li></ul><ul><li>Remove leaves from ground if any sign of disease </li></ul>

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