10 20 Bolting


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10 20 Bolting

  1. 1. Introduction to Horticulture Vegetable Gardens Term: Bolting Plant: Lettuce
  2. 2. Bolting <ul><li>When leaf vegetable crops produce seeds. </li></ul><ul><li>Frequently is accompanied by bitter taste </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in vegetative growth </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs in the warm months of summer </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest leaf crops before bolting unless you are collecting seeds instead of eating them </li></ul>
  3. 3. Lettuces & Greens <ul><li>Leaf vegetables, Includes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lettuce, Spinach, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Celery, rhubarb, chard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Time to plant: Early Spring or late summer </li></ul><ul><li>Time to harvest: 30 - 45 days – before daily temperatures get above 75. </li></ul><ul><li>Will regrow after cutting until summer or frost </li></ul><ul><li>Spacing: Plant in rows 6-8” apart, thin to 4-6 inches between plants after seeds have sprouted </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy nitrogen feeders </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Cool Season Plants </li></ul>
  4. 4. Average Daily Temps
  5. 5. Vegetable Gardening <ul><li>Was once very common </li></ul><ul><li>Victory Gardens during WWII </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming more common as people worry about pesticide and other chemical usage </li></ul>
  6. 6. Garden beds <ul><li>Benefits of Raised bed gardens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Texture control of soil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No walking on garden soil </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to add soil amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Till once and never need to again </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.hgtv.com/gardening-by-the-yard/show/index.html </li></ul>
  7. 7. PAR <ul><li>Plant a row for local food banks </li></ul><ul><li>Food banks frequently receive non-perishable foods, but almost never receive fresh foods </li></ul><ul><li>Plant a row encourages home gardeners to plant an extra row to help those in need </li></ul>
  8. 8. Garden Project <ul><li>Select 8 vegetables that you like or that someone you know likes. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan a vegetable garden with enough of that vegetable to supply a family of 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Determine when the vegetable is to be harvested </li></ul><ul><li>Determine when the vegetables should be planted </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the appropriate spacing for the plants </li></ul><ul><li>Determine how large the garden needs to be </li></ul><ul><li>Decide if you will be “organic” or standard </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the fertilizer and pest control methods you will need </li></ul>
  9. 9. Garden Project <ul><li>Draw a plot layout of your garden with proper spacing </li></ul><ul><li>Give a chart of the plants, their planting dates and harvesting dates. </li></ul><ul><li>State whether you will grow from seed or transplant </li></ul><ul><li>State any special fertilizer or pest care needs </li></ul><ul><li>State any needs for staking or trellises </li></ul>
  10. 10. Begin by <ul><li>Selecting your 8 vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Research each and make a chart </li></ul>Pot chks 6”, 3’ row Jun 24 Mar 24 Potatoes Trnsplt 3’ 85 days AFF Tomatoes Bush, seed 4”, 2’ row 40 days Weekly AFF Beans Other Spacing Harvest Plant
  11. 11. Resources <ul><li>Average First Frost date Warrenton, Va: Oct. 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Average Last Frost date Warrenton, Va: May 1 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.humeseeds.com/vegplan.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.thegardenhelper.com/vegtips.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/category/fruits-vegetables.html </li></ul>
  12. 12. Verbal Warning <ul><li>If you leave the class area, and I don’t know where you are, YOU ARE CUTTING CLASS. </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of flexiblility – Accountability as well </li></ul>