Turf Maintenance Grass: Perennial Ryegrass Term: Aeration
Perennial Ryegrass <ul><li>Germinates very quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Poor shade tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Short-lived gr...
Perennial Ryegrass <ul><li>Has auricles </li></ul><ul><li>Folded new leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Bunch grass  </li></ul><ul><...
Kentucky Blue Grass <ul><li>Boat-shaped tip </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel blades </li></ul><ul><li>Short ligule, no auricle <...
Tall Fescue <ul><li>Rolled leaf </li></ul><ul><li>Collar </li></ul><ul><li>Ligule </li></ul><ul><li>Auricle </li></ul><ul>...
Aeration <ul><li>Lawn aeration involves the removal of small soil plugs or cores out of the lawn </li></ul>http://www.eart...
Aerators <ul><li>Self-propelled </li></ul><ul><li>Towed </li></ul><ul><li>Manual </li></ul>
Aeration <ul><li>Grass recovers very quickly & then grows better </li></ul><ul><li>Increases oxygen availability to roots ...
Aeration Video <ul><li>Aeration Video </li></ul>
Lawn Maintenance <ul><li>Mowing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mow at correct height for the grass </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fertilizi...
Mowing Height & Frequency <ul><li>Never remove more than 1/3 of the grass length in a single mowing. </li></ul><ul><li>Lon...
Mowers <ul><li>Rotary </li></ul><ul><li>Reel </li></ul>
Fertilization <ul><li>Soil test first!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Never fertilize dormant grass </li></ul><ul><li>Feeding the roo...
Fertilizer <ul><li>Cool Season </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 lb in Sept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 lb in Oct </li></ul></ul><u...
Lawn fertilizer <ul><li>Follow directions on the bag </li></ul><ul><li>Add 1 lb N for 1000sq ft </li></ul><ul><li>Fertiliz...
Weeds <ul><li>Broadleaf weeds – Early spring – fall problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dandelion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gro...
Today <ul><li>Picture </li></ul><ul><li>Greenhouse </li></ul><ul><li>Front garden </li></ul>
Grass ID <ul><li>Use the key to identify the grasses from the turf areas: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/TOO...
Mowing Safety <ul><li>Read the Safe Operation Practices Sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Take the safety test </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Turf Maintenance

756 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
756
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Turf Maintenance

  1. 1. Turf Maintenance Grass: Perennial Ryegrass Term: Aeration
  2. 2. Perennial Ryegrass <ul><li>Germinates very quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Poor shade tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Short-lived grass may only live one season </li></ul><ul><li>Only grows by seed – not sod </li></ul><ul><li>Mow at 1 ½ to 2 ½ inches </li></ul><ul><li>Poor drought tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Bunch type grass – no stolons or rhizomes </li></ul><ul><li>Cool-season </li></ul><ul><li>Used for over-seeding dormant warm season turf & quick green-up </li></ul>
  3. 3. Perennial Ryegrass <ul><li>Has auricles </li></ul><ul><li>Folded new leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Bunch grass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No stolons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No rhizomes </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Kentucky Blue Grass <ul><li>Boat-shaped tip </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel blades </li></ul><ul><li>Short ligule, no auricle </li></ul><ul><li>Underground Rhizomes </li></ul>
  5. 5. Tall Fescue <ul><li>Rolled leaf </li></ul><ul><li>Collar </li></ul><ul><li>Ligule </li></ul><ul><li>Auricle </li></ul><ul><li>Rhizomes </li></ul>
  6. 6. Aeration <ul><li>Lawn aeration involves the removal of small soil plugs or cores out of the lawn </li></ul>http://www.earthpoint.us/Shapes.aspx
  7. 7. Aerators <ul><li>Self-propelled </li></ul><ul><li>Towed </li></ul><ul><li>Manual </li></ul>
  8. 8. Aeration <ul><li>Grass recovers very quickly & then grows better </li></ul><ul><li>Increases oxygen availability to roots </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces compaction – roots can expand </li></ul><ul><li>Lets soil take up water better </li></ul>
  9. 9. Aeration Video <ul><li>Aeration Video </li></ul>
  10. 10. Lawn Maintenance <ul><li>Mowing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mow at correct height for the grass </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fertilizing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schedule depends on grass, soil texture & soil test result </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Liming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do a pH test to determine if it is required. Apply according to results. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weeding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How many weeds are you willing to tolerate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aerating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not required often </li></ul></ul>Decide how “organic” you want to be
  11. 11. Mowing Height & Frequency <ul><li>Never remove more than 1/3 of the grass length in a single mowing. </li></ul><ul><li>Longer grass can handle stress better than short grass </li></ul><ul><li>Longer grass outcompetes weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Leave longer during hot midsummer </li></ul><ul><li>Okay to cut shorter spring and fall </li></ul><ul><li>Alter the mowing path </li></ul>
  12. 12. Mowers <ul><li>Rotary </li></ul><ul><li>Reel </li></ul>
  13. 13. Fertilization <ul><li>Soil test first!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Never fertilize dormant grass </li></ul><ul><li>Feeding the roots – not the blades </li></ul><ul><li>Soil texture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sandy soils need most, Loamy soils need least </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grass species </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vary in their fertilizer needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organic option </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compost </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use high nitrogen, low phosphorus, medium potassium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20-4-8 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Note: Changes coming due to Chesapeake Bay Legislation </li></ul>
  14. 14. Fertilizer <ul><li>Cool Season </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 lb in Sept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 lb in Oct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 lb in Nov </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>½ lb in May </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Warm Season </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 lb in April </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 lb in May </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 lb in June </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 lb in July/Aug </li></ul></ul>Never apply more than 1 lb of N per 1000 sq ft .
  15. 15. Lawn fertilizer <ul><li>Follow directions on the bag </li></ul><ul><li>Add 1 lb N for 1000sq ft </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizing a 2000 sq ft area </li></ul><ul><li>Our fertilizer mix is 28 – 3 – 3 </li></ul><ul><li>? Lbs of fertilizer </li></ul>
  16. 16. Weeds <ul><li>Broadleaf weeds – Early spring – fall problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dandelion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ground Ivy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plantain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grassy weeds – Hot summer problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bermuda grass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crab grass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual Bluegrass </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Today <ul><li>Picture </li></ul><ul><li>Greenhouse </li></ul><ul><li>Front garden </li></ul>
  18. 18. Grass ID <ul><li>Use the key to identify the grasses from the turf areas: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/TOOLS/TURF/TURFSPECIES/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Tall Fescue </li></ul><ul><li>Kentucky Bluegrass </li></ul><ul><li>Perennial Ryegrass </li></ul>
  19. 19. Mowing Safety <ul><li>Read the Safe Operation Practices Sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Take the safety test </li></ul>

×