1 4 Interior Plant Selection


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  • Employers review the information on job applications when deciding who to schedule for job interviews. Remember that employers often judge the appearance of an application as a clue to how much importance you put on the quality of your work.Here are some helpful tips to follow when completing applications
  • 1 4 Interior Plant Selection

    1. 1. Interior Plant Selection Plant: Peace Lily Term: Interiorscaping
    2. 2. Peace Lily <ul><li>Spathiphyllum (“Mauna Loa”) </li></ul><ul><li>Low light requirement </li></ul><ul><li>White blooms last for 3 weeks to 1 month </li></ul><ul><li>Lightly fertilize spring & fall </li></ul><ul><li>Medium water – don’t let soil dry out </li></ul><ul><li>Propagate by division </li></ul><ul><li>Problems are rare </li></ul><ul><li>Dwarf and Standard Varieties grow from desk-top size to 4’ tall </li></ul>
    3. 3. Weeping Fig Ficus benjaminia <ul><li>Shrub or tree </li></ul><ul><li>Variegated or green </li></ul><ul><li>No flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Temp: 60-85 </li></ul><ul><li>Bright indirect sunlight </li></ul><ul><li>Keep soil barely moist </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilize every two weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Whitefly mealy bugs, scale & thrips </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves drop whenever conditions change </li></ul><ul><li>Propagation: Seeds, stem cuttings and air-layering in the spring through summer </li></ul>
    4. 4. Interiorscaping <ul><li>The practice of designing, arranging, and caring for living plants in enclosed environments </li></ul>
    5. 5. Interiorscaping Firms <ul><li>Contract for design, installation & maintenance of interior gardens for hotels, conference centers, shopping malls </li></ul><ul><li>Provide structure, lighting, & plumbing </li></ul>
    6. 6. Services <ul><li>Plant Rotation </li></ul><ul><li>Plant care </li></ul><ul><li>Holiday Decorating </li></ul><ul><li>Plant rentals </li></ul>
    7. 7. Interior Plants <ul><li>Tropical plants that adapt well to growing in containers under less than ideal conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Common Names – Used by customers </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Name – Used by growers & wholesalers </li></ul>
    8. 8. Permanent Plant <ul><li>A house plant that will live and re-bloom over a many year lifespan </li></ul><ul><li>Some houseplants may be over 50 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace Lily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African Violet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christmas Cactus </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Temporary Plants <ul><li>Plants that are sold at peak bloom and will not re-bloom for customers with normal care </li></ul><ul><li>Usually very attractive gift plants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poinsettias </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cyclamen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Garden Bulbs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chrysanthemums </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Tropical Plants <ul><li>Grow under conditions that mimic nature </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect from Freezing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filtered light – jungle understory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bright light – desert plants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Varies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Humidity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher than most homes </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Caring for houseplants <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Most plants are killed by over-watering </li></ul><ul><li>Scratch the surface of the pot, the soil should be moist ½” down </li></ul><ul><li>Wilting may be a result of rotten roots </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow leaves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>too much water </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Methods of Watering <ul><li>drench and let dry completely </li></ul><ul><li>drench and let dry slightly </li></ul><ul><li>keep media constantly moist </li></ul>
    13. 13. Temperature <ul><li>recommended temperature </li></ul><ul><li>50-85 F daytime </li></ul><ul><li>night - drop 10-15 below daytime temp </li></ul><ul><li>locate plants away from air-conditioners and drafts </li></ul>
    14. 14. Lighting: natural or artificial <ul><li>measured in foot candles or klux </li></ul><ul><ul><li>direct sun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>partial shade or weak sun - less than 50% natural sun light </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>indirect or filtered light - no direct sun light </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. The Light Spectrum <ul><li>Plants only use radiation energy in the visible spectrum. </li></ul><ul><li>Chlorophyll does not absorb in the green spectrum </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul>
    16. 16. Artificial Lighting <ul><li>Incandescent bulbs don’t provide usable light to plants </li></ul><ul><li>Florescent bulbs provide light about 2’ from bulb </li></ul><ul><li>Grow lights provide more light in the correct wavelengths </li></ul>
    17. 17. Humidity <ul><li>% of moisture in the air </li></ul><ul><li>varies with seasons </li></ul><ul><li>low in the winter </li></ul>
    18. 18. Increase humidity by: <ul><li>spraying with fine mist </li></ul><ul><li>fill water tight tray with water and pea gravel, set plants in it </li></ul><ul><li>use a humidifier </li></ul><ul><li>place plants in the part of the house with the highest humidity </li></ul>
    19. 19. Fertilizers <ul><li>slow release </li></ul><ul><ul><li>small beads applied to the soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nutrients are steadily released </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>plant absorbs nutrients as needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>avoids over feeding </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Soluble fertilizer <ul><li>liquid or solid </li></ul><ul><li>dissolved in water before applying </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compost tea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish emulsions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Miracle Gro </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Soil Mixture <ul><li>varies with each plant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>African Violet Mix - sandy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orchid Mix – chunky: lots of bark </li></ul></ul><ul><li>organic matter helps to improve water holding capacity </li></ul><ul><li>perlite helps to keep the mix loose and easily drained </li></ul>
    22. 22. Containers <ul><li>drainage should be available </li></ul><ul><li>use well drained soil mix </li></ul><ul><li>put saucer under pot to protect furniture from water </li></ul>
    23. 23. Potting plants <ul><li>select appropriate container and soil mix </li></ul><ul><li>provide drainage - put rocks or put shards in the bottom of container </li></ul>
    24. 24. Potting plants <ul><li>add potting mix to cover rocks </li></ul><ul><li>place plant in to check soil level </li></ul><ul><li>should be 1/2 inch below top of pot </li></ul>
    25. 25. Potting plants <ul><li>fill remainder of container with media </li></ul>
    26. 26. Repotting <ul><li>repot plants when: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they become root bound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>roots appear at the top of soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roots grow out of the bottom </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A few plants grow best when roots are crowded </li></ul>
    27. 27. Repotting <ul><li>Separate roots to allow re-growth </li></ul><ul><li>If plant is blooming, wait until after flowering is completed </li></ul><ul><li>Select pot or container of the next larger size than the original </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>Trim roots to make plant fit in old container </li></ul>
    28. 28. General Care <ul><li>Leaves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>clean occasionally with a fine spray of water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wipe top and underside of leaves </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Cleaning Leaves <ul><li>helps to remove dust and insects </li></ul><ul><li>do not use leaf shine products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>clogs the stomata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>makes it hard for plants to breathe </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Break <ul><li>Take 5 stretch – </li></ul><ul><li>Next – Job applications </li></ul>
    31. 31. Job Applications <ul><li>First impressions are important. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember to bring everything with you that you will need when filling out applications. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball point pens (black or blue ink) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your fact sheet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copies of your resume </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your completed application is a reflection of you. Make it a good one! </li></ul><ul><li>Employers use applications to decide who to interview </li></ul>
    32. 32. Filling Out Applications <ul><li>Read the entire application form first: especially the instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Be polite when requesting or submitting an application. </li></ul><ul><li>Be honest in your answers. </li></ul><ul><li>Use blue or black ink pens. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a fact sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Print clearly and legibly. </li></ul><ul><li>Apply for a specific position, not &quot;anything,&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Leave no blanks. Write &quot;Does Not Apply&quot; (or &quot;N/A&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>Read and check the application for completeness before turning it in to the employer. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to sign and date the application. </li></ul><ul><li>Mail or turn the application into the correct person or place. </li></ul>
    33. 33. Personal Data <ul><li>In the name field, be sure to note in what order the employer wants your first and last names. Print neatly. </li></ul><ul><li>Use an address where you can receive mail. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide your telephone number with an area code. If you use a message number, make sure that everyone at that number knows what to say for you or that the message on a message machine is appropriate. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure that you meet the health requirements for the job. If a physical examination is a condition of employment, the employer must pay for it and can only request it after you are hired. </li></ul><ul><li>All applications ask for information about the schools you've attended. List your education , detailing any special courses. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have any professional certification, licenses, or registrations, ie. special class driver's license. </li></ul><ul><li>List any hobbies or interests you may have. This will provide the employer with additional information about related skills. </li></ul><ul><li>If possible, avoid entering birth dates or school graduation dates on an application. </li></ul>
    34. 34. Work Data <ul><li>Always fill in the space for the &quot;Position Desired.&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Never write &quot;any&quot; or &quot;will do anything!&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is acceptable to list more than one position. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In the salary desired field write &quot;open&quot; or &quot;negotiable“ </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t put in a salary figure that might be too high or too low. </li></ul><ul><li>In the availability field write &quot;immediately,&quot; if you are available to start right away. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you are currently employed, indicate that you are available to start after giving two weeks notice. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Giving two weeks notice makes it more likely that you will get a good reference from the employer. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be knowledgeable about the hours required for the job. </li></ul>
    35. 35. Work Experience <ul><li>Give your job title and dates of employment; the name, address, and phone number of the employer; and a description of your duties. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Might need your salary and your supervisor's name. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include part-time and full-time jobs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure that the dates of employment don't overlap or conflict. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Highlight any club activities, or volunteer work, or organizations you belong to, that may relate to the job you are seeking. </li></ul><ul><li>List any special skills, abilities, experience and/or training that relate to the position you want. </li></ul><ul><li>Always talk to your references before beginning your work search, to ask permission to use their names, addresses, and phone numbers on your application(s). </li></ul><ul><li>Former employers, business acquaintances, teachers, and the clergy are all acceptable references. Be sure to keep your reference list updated and let them know when you find a job. </li></ul>
    36. 36. Leaving Jobs <ul><li>If asked for the reason you left a job, use positive phrases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;to take a job with more responsibility,&quot; &quot;moved,&quot; &quot;seasonal,&quot; &quot;business closed,&quot; &quot;job or contract ended,&quot; &quot;temporary work,&quot; &quot; laid off,&quot; &quot; reorganization,&quot; &quot;returned to school,&quot; &quot; or &quot;career change.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid negative words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;fired,&quot; &quot;quit,&quot; &quot;absenteeism,&quot; or &quot;tardiness.&quot; </li></ul></ul>
    37. 37. Mistakes <ul><li>Not following directions </li></ul><ul><li>Misspelled words </li></ul><ul><li>Crossed out writing </li></ul><ul><li>Not printed </li></ul><ul><li>Wrinkled or messy application form </li></ul><ul><li>Incomplete information or unanswered questions </li></ul><ul><li>Not applying for a specific position </li></ul><ul><li>Application not turned in by the deadline </li></ul><ul><li>Use of troublesome words, such as &quot;quit&quot; or &quot;fired&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Forgetting to sign the application </li></ul>
    38. 38. Fact Sheet <ul><li>Find out all information before going to put in your application </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the form – just use it to copy information </li></ul><ul><li>Update it with names, addresses and phone numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Be detailed in duties preformed </li></ul><ul><li>Complete the worksheet now </li></ul>