Facilities planning _lay_out_and_location_analysis

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Facilities planning _lay_out_and_location_analysis

  1. 1. Learning objectives After reading this chapter you will able to understand:  the concept of facilities planning Various tools, techniques and models used for layout planning Layout decisions and its techniques Flowcharting Various types of layout Location analysis Various tools techniques and models for location analysis
  2. 2. BMW’S LOCATION DECISION  BMW had to take strategic decision about the location of their new plant to produce the new models.  Company decided to start up at one of its existing plants, at the Regensburg plant in Germany.  Reasons for the selection are:-  Facility’s track record of high quality standards  Flexibility to shift production from one model to another  Agility of the production team  Save a substantial amount of time  Facilitate skill development of new recruits.  Plant is well connected with roadways, train lines and an airport.  Existing human resources are well trained and understands the mechanism of production.  Accessibility to local markets, cost effectiveness and a congenial political climate
  3. 3. PLANT LAY OUT  Plant lay out can be defined as the physical arrangement of machines, equipment and all other supportive facilities to production with in a factory to ensure easy and cost effective flow of materials , right from the receipt of materials to various stages of production and finally the output.
  4. 4. IMPORTANCE OF LAYOUT DECISION  It has an impact on the process of production, like optimization of relationship among output, floor area and manufacturing process, minimization of materials handling time and cost, flexibility of operations, easy flow of materials, economic use of land and building, effective manpower utilization and improved quality of work life for workers.
  5. 5. DETERMINANTS OF LAY OUT  Product  Production process  Volume of production
  6. 6. TYPES OF LAYOUT

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